- Quorn, South Australia
Infobox Australian Place | type = town
name = Quorn
state = sa
Flinders Ranges Council
postcode = 5433
pop = 988 (2001 census)
stategov = Stuart
fedgov = Grey
Quorn (coord|32|20|S|138|02|E|region:AU-SA_type:city(1400)) is a township and railhead in the
Flinders Rangesin the north of South Australia, 39 km northeast of Port Augusta. At the 2001 census, Quorn had a population of 988.Census 2001 AUS|id=UCL423000|name=Quorn (Urban Centre/Locality)|accessdate=2007-06-30|quick=on]
Quorn is the home of the
Flinders Ranges Councillocal government area. It is in the state Electoral district of Stuartand the federal Division of Grey.
The railway line from Port Augusta to Quorn opened in
1879and was subsequently extended to the north to Marree, Oodnadattaand Alice Springs(later to be known as the "Ghan line" or Central Australia Railway). This made Quorn an important town, being on such a major rail route. The town flourished and many fine buildings were erected.
At one time Quorn was the junction between north-south and east-west transcontinental railway lines. This role was lost when a standard gauge connection was opened between
Port PirieJunction and Port Augusta. However, during World War II, Quorn was a vital service point for trains heading north to Alice Springs.
1950'sa new standard gauge line was built that passed on the western side of the Flinders Rangesfrom Stirling Northto Marree, thus bypassing Quorn, and taking away the last traffic through the Pass, Leigh Creek Coal. Being now a stop on a minor railway that mostly served the local area, Quorn's importance diminished and eventually in 1980the railway was completely closed, reflecting the growing dominance of road freight.
However, a band of railway enthusiasts wanted to preserve the unique bridges and stone work built in the previous century and so formed the Pichi Richi Railway Preservation Society Inc. They later acquired operable railway rollingstock and today provide a tourist railway service through the Pichi Richi Pass [Babbage, J. Barrington, R. 1984 The History of Pichi Richi Railway Pichi Richi Railway Preservation Society Inc. Quorn.] .
The main attraction of Quorn is the
Pichi Richi Railway. There is also a self-guided walking tour which passes the many fine old buildings in the town (ask at the tourist office for a leaflet).
There are a number of restaurants in town, at the four hotels, the Old Mill (now a motel) and at the old Pichi Richi brewery (a few kilometres from Quorn).
Quorn is home to country music artist
Jedd Hughes, and was the birthplace of politician Brian Harradine.
Quorn is a delightful stop over for many travellers coming via
Adelaideto explore the Flinders Ranges. The tourist office on the main street, manned by volunteers every week day, provides free information, maps and trails to safely see the best sites in the lower Flinders, including Warrens Gorge, Kanyaka Station, Proby's Grave and Itali Itali.
* [http://www.southaustralianhistory.com.au/quorn.htm SA History - Quorn]
* [http://www.quorndon-mag.org.uk/archive/autumn2003/twoquorns.html A tale of two Quorns]
* [http://www.prr.org.au Pichi Richi Railway Website]
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AS/5/Quorn.html FallingRain Map - elevation = 304m (Red dots are remaining railways)]
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