- Simplicial category
In

mathematics , the**simplicial category**(or**ordinal category**) is a construction incategory theory used to define simplicial and cosimplicial objects.**Formal definition**The simplicial category is usually denoted by $Delta$ and is sometimes denoted by

**Ord**. There are several equivalent descriptions of this category. $Delta$ can be described as the category of finite ordinals as objects, thought of as totally ordered sets, and order preserving functions asmorphisms . The category is generated by coface and coboundary maps, which amount to inserting or deleting elements of the orderings. (Seesimplicial set for relations of these maps.)A

simplicial object is apresheaf on $Delta$, that is a contravariant functor from $Delta$ to another category. For instance, simplicial sets are contravariant with codomain category the category of sets. A cosimplicial object is defined similarly as a covariant functor originating from $Delta$. Note that in topology a simplicial object defined in this way would be called an augmented simplicial object because of the presence of an augmentation map. This map can be dropped to yield a traditionally defined simplicial object.An algebraic definition identifies $Delta$ as the freely generated

monoidal category on a single monoidal generator. This description is useful for understanding how anycomonoid object in a monoidal category gives rise to a simplicial object since it can then be viewed as the image of a functor from $Delta^\{op\}$ to the monoidal category containing the comonoid. Similarly, this also illuminates the construction of simplicial sets frommonads (and henceadjoint functors ) since monads can be viewed as monoid objects in endofunctors categories.The algebraic definition connects the ordinal category to the theory of algebraic theories: $Delta$ is the category called the theory of monoids since it is generated by a monoidal object and a categorical product. Covariant product preserving functors from $Delta$ are models of the theory of monoids.

**Reference***P. G. Goerss and J. F. Jardine, "Simplicial Homotopy Theory", Progress in Mathematics Vol. 174, Birkhäuser Basel-Boston-Berlin (1999) ISBN 3-7643-6064-X

*Wikimedia Foundation.
2010.*