Livonian grammar

Livonian grammar

Livonian is a Baltic-Finnic language, and, as such, is closely related to both Estonian and Finnish.


Personal Pronouns

Note: The plural demonstrative pronoun is the same as the third person plural personal pronoun.

Reflexive Pronouns

Note: The usage of the reflexive pronoun is broad. Of course, it is used as a reflexive pronoun as in "minnõn "eņtšõn" um vajag...," meaning "I need..." [lit: to myself is necessary...] . However, the pronoun can also express possession; it frequently replaces the genitive forms of the personal pronouns. For example: "ma sīeda kūliz "eņtš" izast," or "I heard it from my father." Also, reflexive pronouns can be used in adverbial expressions: "täm "eņtš" ie," "this same night."


* Fanny de Siviers. 2000. "Parlons Live: une langue de la Baltique". Paris: L'Harmattan. ISBN 2-7475-1337-8.

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