- 1964 Summer Olympics
Name = Games of the XVIII Olympiad
Size = 150
Optional caption =
Host city =
Nations participating = 93
Athletes participating = 5,151
(4,473 men, 678 women)
Events = 163 in 19
Opening ceremony =
July 12, 1964
Closing ceremony =
October 24, 1964
Officially opened by = HIM Emperor Showa
Athlete's Oath =
Judge's Oath =
Olympic Torch =
Stadium = National Olympic Stadium
The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, were an
international multi-sport eventheld in Tokyo, Japanin 1964. Tokyo had been awarded with the organisation of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honor was subsequently passed to Helsinkibecause of Japan's invasion of China, before ultimately being canceled because of World War II. The 1964 Summer Games marked the first time that the Olympics were held by a non-Western nation. This was the first Olympics in which South Africawas barred from taking part due to its refusal to racially desegregate its sports. [cite weburl=http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/past.htmltitle=Past Olympic Host City Election Resultspublisher=GamesWeb.comaccessdate=2008-09-23] The games were telecast to the United Statesusing Syncom3, the first geostationary communication satellite. It was the first television program to cross the Pacific Ocean.
Tokyo won the rights to the Games on
May 26, 1959, at the 55th IOC Sessionin Munich, West Germany, over bids from Detroit, Brusselsand Vienna.
Here are the voting results for the host selection, from the [http://www.aldaver.com/votes.html the International Olympic Committee Vote History] web page.
Conventionally, countries are ranked by the number of gold medals they receive, followed then by the number of silver medals and, finally, bronze1:
A total of 94 nations were represented at the 1964 Games. Sixteen nations made their first Olympic appearance in Tokyo:
Algeria, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire(as "Ivory Coast"), Dominican Republic, Libya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Mongolia, Nepal, Niger, Northern Rhodesia(now Zambia), Senegal, and Tanzania(as "Tanganyika"). Athletes from Libya withdrew from competition after the Opening Ceremony, so a total of 93 nations actually competed. Athletes from East Germany and West Germanycompeted together as the United Team of Germanyfrom 1956-1964.
*Olympic Stadium, now known as "National Stadium," was the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies, and for track and field events.
Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadiumhosted Football Preliminaries
Nippon Budokan, or Japan Martial Arts Hall, was built to house the judoevents, and is now one of Tokyo's best-known concert venues.
Yoyogi National Gymnasium, adjacent to (and originally part of) the Meiji Shrine, houses swimming and gymnastics venues designed by architect Kenzo Tange. The Olympic Village, a redeveloped United States Armybarracks originally called "Washington Heights," is located on the north side of Yoyogi Park.
Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasiumhosted Artistic Gymnastics, Water polo events.
Komazawa Olympic Parkin Setagaya hosted cycling events.
Shibuya Public Hallhosted weightlifting events.
Korekuen Ice Palacehosted Boxing events.
Waseda Universityhosted Fencing events.
*Baji Koen hosted Equestrian events.
HachiōjiVelodrome hosted Track Cycling events.
Outside of Tokyo
Mitsuzawa Stadium, Yokohama: Football Preliminaries
Yokohama Cultural Gymnasium: Volleyball
Enoshimahosted yachting events.
Lake Sagamihosted canoeing and rowing events.
Toda, Saitama: Rowing
Ōmiya Park Soccer Stadium, Omiya, Saitama: Football Preliminaries
Asaka, Saitama: Shooting
Tokorozawa, Saitama: Clay pigeon shooting
Nagano Prefecturewest of Tokyo, hosted equestrian events.
Nagai Stadium, Osaka: Football
1964 Summer Paralympics
International Olympic Committee
IOC country codes
Tokyo Olympiad", a documentary film about the games
* 1 [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/table_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1964 Olympic Games Tokyo 1964 - Medal Table]
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1964 IOC Site on 1964 Summer Olympics]
* [http://www.aafla.org/5va/reports_frmst.htm Official Report from the Organizing Committee (2 volumes)] on the AAFLA website
* [http://aboutjapan.japansociety.org/content.cfm/japans_rebirth_at_the_1964_tokyo_summer Japan's Rebirth at the 1964 Tokyo Summer Olympics] Essay on the About Japan, A Teacher's Resource website
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