- Paladin Group
The Paladin Group was a
far-rightorganization founded in 1970 in Spain by former SS Colonel Otto Skorzeny. Related to the World Anti-Communist League(WACL), it conceived itself as the military arm of the anti-Communiststruggle during the Cold War. Ostensibly a legitimate security consultancy, the Group's real purpose was to recruit and operate mercenaries and killers for right-wing regimes worldwide.
Nouvel Observateur" magazine, of 23 September 1974, qualifies the group as a "strange temporary work agency of mercenaries" ("étrange agence d’interim-barbouzes"); in "The Great Heroin Coup" (1976), Henrik Krügercalls it a "fascist group" or "neo-fascist group", while Stuart Christiespeaks of a "security consultancy group" in " Granny Made me an Anarchist". " Lobster Magazine" describes it as a "small international squad of commandos".
The Paladin Group was created in 1970 in
Albufera, near Alicantein the South of Spainby former SS Colonel Otto Skorzeny. A former special operationsofficer, Skorzeny had become a member of the ODESSAnetwork after the war, helping to smuggle Nazi war criminals out of Allied Europe to Spain, South America and other friendly destinations in order to avoid prosecution for war crimes. Skorzeny himself resided after the war in Spain, protected by Franco.
Skorzeny envisioned the Paladin Group as "an international directorship of strategic assault personnel
[that would ]straddle the watershed between paramilitary operations carried out by troops in uniforms and the political warfare which is conducted by civilian agents".cite book | last = Lee | first = Martin A. | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = The Beast Reawakens: Fascism's Resurgence from Hitler's Spymasters to Today's Neo-Nazi Groups and Right-Wing Extremists | publisher = Taylor & Francis | date = 1999 | location = | pages = pp. 185-186 | url = | doi = | id = | isbn = 0415925460]
In addition to recruiting many former SS members, it also recruited from the ranks of various right-wing and nationalist organizations, including the French Nationalist OAS, the SAC, and the ‘
Légion étrangère’. The hands-on manager of the Group was Dr. Gerhard Hartmut von Schubert, formerly of Joseph Goebbelss Propaganda Ministry, who had trained security personnel in Argentinaand Egyptafter the war. Under his guidance, Paladin provided support to the Palestinian splinter group led by Wadie Haddad. The Group's other clients included the South African Bureau of State Securityand Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi. They also worked for the Greek military junta of 1967–1974and the Spanish Dirección General de Seguridad, who recruited some Paladin operatives to wage clandestine war against Basque separatists. The Group is also reputed to have provided personnel for José López Rega's notorious Argentine Anti-Communist Alliancedeath squad.
The Paladin Group was also allegedly allied with a number of other right-wing governments, including Salazar’s Portugal, and some of the Italian
neo-fascists involved in the strategy of tensionattacks of the 1970s and 80s. The Paladin Group also held offices in Zurich, Switzerland[Patrice Chairoff, "Dossier B... comme barbouze", 1975, éd. Alain Moreau, p.59 and p.254] .
The Soviet news agency TASS alleged that Paladin was involved in training US Green Berets for Vietnam missions during the 1960s, but this is considered unlikely, since Skorzeny's methods were considered somewhat antiquated.
Von Schubert became the head of the Paladin Group after Otto Skorzeny’s death in 1975.
Following Franco’s death in 1975
Otto Skorzeny died the same year as Franco, whose death on November 20, 1975 opened up the way for a transition to democracy. Neo-fascist groups formerly hosted by Franco ceased to be welcome in the new regime and fled to South America, in particular
Augusto Pinochet’s Chileand Argentina, where the return of Peron after a 20 year exile in Spain had seen the June 20, 1973 Ezeiza massacre.
The Paladin Group became a member of the
Fascist Internationalat its creation in 1976.Fact|date=May 2007 This umbrella organizationconnected together many different neo-fascist groups.
* December 1973 : the Paladin Group participates in the bombing of
Rome Fiumicino airport, which killed 32.Fact|date=September 2008
* 1974: Take-over of the Cabinda region, rich in petroleum, to the
Angolaheaded by the MPLAsupported by the Soviet Union.Fact|date=September 2008
* 1974: Assassination of
* May 3, 1974: Kidnapping of Balthazar Suarez, director of the
Banco Bilbao, in Neuilly-sur-Seine(Paris).Fact|date=September 2008
* May 1976: Assassination of General
Joaquin Zenteno Anaya, ambassador of Bolivia in France.Fact|date=September 2008
Stuart Christie, Granny Made me an Anarchist
L'Express, 13 September 1976
Henrik Krüger, "The Great Heroin Coup : Drugs, Intelligence, and International Fascism", Boston : South End Press, 1980. 240 pages. (First published in Denmark under the tile : "Smukke Serge og Heroinen" en 1976.) ISBN 0896080315
Martin A. Lee, " The Beast Reawakens", 1997. ISBN 0316519596 - (pages 185-6)
Le Nouvel Observateur", 23 September 1974
* E. Gerdan, "Dossier A ... comme Armes", édition Alain Moreau, 1975
* "Le Monde 2", n° 60 - Special issue on
* Peter Dale Scott, "Transnationalised Repression; Parafascism and the U.S.", "
Lobster Magazine", N°12 : 1986.
* Frederic Laurent, "L'Orchestre Noir", Stock, 1978.
Spain under Franco
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