Paladin Group

Paladin Group

The Paladin Group was a far-right organization founded in 1970 in Spain by former SS Colonel Otto Skorzeny. Related to the World Anti-Communist League (WACL), it conceived itself as the military arm of the anti-Communist struggle during the Cold War. Ostensibly a legitimate security consultancy, the Group's real purpose was to recruit and operate mercenaries and killers for right-wing regimes worldwide.

The "Nouvel Observateur" magazine, of 23 September 1974, qualifies the group as a "strange temporary work agency of mercenaries" ("étrange agence d’interim-barbouzes"); in "The Great Heroin Coup" (1976), Henrik Krüger calls it a "fascist group" or "neo-fascist group", while Stuart Christie speaks of a "security consultancy group" in "Granny Made me an Anarchist". "Lobster Magazine" describes it as a "small international squad of commandos".

History

The Paladin Group was created in 1970 in Albufera, near Alicante in the South of Spain by former SS Colonel Otto Skorzeny. A former special operations officer, Skorzeny had become a member of the ODESSA network after the war, helping to smuggle Nazi war criminals out of Allied Europe to Spain, South America and other friendly destinations in order to avoid prosecution for war crimes. Skorzeny himself resided after the war in Spain, protected by Franco.

Skorzeny envisioned the Paladin Group as "an international directorship of strategic assault personnel [that would] straddle the watershed between paramilitary operations carried out by troops in uniforms and the political warfare which is conducted by civilian agents".cite book | last = Lee | first = Martin A. | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = The Beast Reawakens: Fascism's Resurgence from Hitler's Spymasters to Today's Neo-Nazi Groups and Right-Wing Extremists | publisher = Taylor & Francis | date = 1999 | location = | pages = pp. 185-186 | url = | doi = | id = | isbn = 0415925460]

In addition to recruiting many former SS members, it also recruited from the ranks of various right-wing and nationalist organizations, including the French Nationalist OAS, the SAC, and the ‘Légion étrangère’. The hands-on manager of the Group was Dr. Gerhard Hartmut von Schubert, formerly of Joseph Goebbelss Propaganda Ministry, who had trained security personnel in Argentina and Egypt after the war. Under his guidance, Paladin provided support to the Palestinian splinter group led by Wadie Haddad. The Group's other clients included the South African Bureau of State Security and Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi. They also worked for the Greek military junta of 1967–1974 and the Spanish Dirección General de Seguridad, who recruited some Paladin operatives to wage clandestine war against Basque separatists. The Group is also reputed to have provided personnel for José López Rega's notorious Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance death squad.

The Paladin Group was also allegedly allied with a number of other right-wing governments, including Salazar’s Portugal, and some of the Italian neo-fascists involved in the strategy of tension attacks of the 1970s and 80s. The Paladin Group also held offices in Zurich, Switzerland [Patrice Chairoff, "Dossier B... comme barbouze", 1975, éd. Alain Moreau, p.59 and p.254] .

The Soviet news agency TASS alleged that Paladin was involved in training US Green Berets for Vietnam missions during the 1960s, but this is considered unlikely, since Skorzeny's methods were considered somewhat antiquated.

Von Schubert became the head of the Paladin Group after Otto Skorzeny’s death in 1975.

Following Franco’s death in 1975

Otto Skorzeny died the same year as Franco, whose death on November 20, 1975 opened up the way for a transition to democracy. Neo-fascist groups formerly hosted by Franco ceased to be welcome in the new regime and fled to South America, in particular Augusto Pinochet’s Chile and Argentina, where the return of Peron after a 20 year exile in Spain had seen the June 20, 1973 Ezeiza massacre.

The Paladin Group became a member of the Fascist International at its creation in 1976.Fact|date=May 2007 This umbrella organization connected together many different neo-fascist groups.

Actions

* December 1973 : the Paladin Group participates in the bombing of Rome Fiumicino airport, which killed 32.Fact|date=September 2008
* 1974: Take-over of the Cabinda region, rich in petroleum, to the Angola headed by the MPLA supported by the Soviet Union.Fact|date=September 2008
* 1974: Assassination of ETA members.Fact|date=September 2008
* May 3, 1974: Kidnapping of Balthazar Suarez, director of the Banco Bilbao, in Neuilly-sur-Seine (Paris).Fact|date=September 2008
* May 1976: Assassination of General Joaquin Zenteno Anaya, ambassador of Bolivia in France.Fact|date=September 2008

References

Bibliography

* Stuart Christie, Granny Made me an Anarchist
* "L'Express, 13 September 1976
* Henrik Krüger, "The Great Heroin Coup : Drugs, Intelligence, and International Fascism", Boston : South End Press, 1980. 240 pages. (First published in Denmark under the tile : "Smukke Serge og Heroinen" en 1976.) ISBN 0896080315
* Martin A. Lee, "The Beast Reawakens", 1997. ISBN 0316519596 - (pages 185-6)
* "Le Nouvel Observateur", 23 September 1974
* E. Gerdan, "Dossier A ... comme Armes", édition Alain Moreau, 1975
* "Le Monde 2", n° 60 - Special issue on Operation Condor
* Peter Dale Scott, "Transnationalised Repression; Parafascism and the U.S.", "Lobster Magazine", N°12 : 1986.
* Frederic Laurent, "L'Orchestre Noir", Stock, 1978.

See also

*Otto Skorzeny
*Spain under Franco
*Paladin


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paladin Group — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Paladin (homonymie). Le Paladin Group (que l on peut traduire par « Groupe de paladins ») était une organisation d extrême droite créée en 1970 par Otto Skorzeny. Lié à la World Anti Communist League… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paladin group — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Paladin (homonymie). Le Paladin Group (que l on peut traduire par « Groupe de paladins ») était une organisation d extrême droite créée en 1970 par Otto Skorzeny. Lié à la World Anti Communist League… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paladin (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Un paladin est un chevalier. Paladin est un personnage de comics appartenant à l univers de Marvel Comics. Paladin est une série de bande dessinée… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paladin (character class) — Paladin is a character class in Dungeons Dragons (D D) and later role playing games, many of which were influenced by D D. The class is loosely based on the paladins of medieval romance.Dungeons and DragonsIn the Dungeons Dragons role playing… …   Wikipedia

  • Paladin (comics) — Superherobox| caption=Paladin. Art by Leinil Francis Yu. comic color=background:#ff8080 character name=Paladin real name=unrevealed publisher=Marvel Comics debut= Daredevil #150 (Jan 1978) creators=Jim Shooter Carmine Infantino alliance… …   Wikipedia

  • Paladin (disambiguation) — A paladin was a high level official in numerous countries of medieval and early modern Europe.Paladin(s) may also refer to: *Paladin (character class), in many role playing games **Paladin ( Dungeons Dragons ) * Paladin (role playing game) * The… …   Wikipedia

  • Paladin of Shadows — The Paladin of Shadows or the Kildar series is a series of books written by Military sci fi author John Ringo and centering around the life of ex SEAL Mike Ghost Harmon, who in the second book becomes a quasi feudal de facto nobleman known as the …   Wikipedia

  • Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observations Group — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observations Group (MACV SOG) caption=Never assigned an official crest or patch, SOG personnel accepted this unofficial self designed insignia dates= 24 January,… …   Wikipedia

  • Rio Tinto Group — Rio Tinto Limited plc Type Public company (ASX: RIO, LSE:  …   Wikipedia

  • Minerals and Metals Group — Type Wholly owned subsidiary Industry Mining Founded …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”