List of Presidents of Brazil

List of Presidents of Brazil

"See also: List of Brazilian monarchs"This is a list of Presidents of Brazil.

Old republic (1889-1930)

In 1889 the Republic was proclaimed in a coup d'etát led by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, who deposed the Brazilian Emperor Dom Pedro II and formed a provisional government. Two years later, in 1891, a constitution was written, based on the federal republic of the United States of America and the country itself was named the Republic of the United States of Brazil. Deodoro was elected constitutional president by the Constituent Congress in the same year, immediately after the promulgation of the Constitution, but resigned ten months later after a coup d'étát in which he dissolved Congress was reversed. Then, Floriano Peixoto, Deodoro's vice-president and an opponent of the coup, was inaugurated. Peixoto was succeeded by the first elected president in Brazil, Prudente de Morais.

Although it was theoretically a constitutional democracy, the Old Republic was characterized by the power of regional oligarchies and the strict alternation of power between the states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. The vote in the countryside was often controlled by the local land owner, and less than 6% of the population had the right to vote due to literacy requirements. Also, only wealthy individuals could vote or stand for election.

In 1930, when Brazil was suffering the effects of the Wall Street Crash of 1929, a revolution broke out in the country and the old republic ended. The president Washington Luís, who was supported by São Paulo oligarchies, broke the rule of alternation between São Paulo and Minas and supported a candidate who was also from São Paulo, Júlio Prestes. Prestes won the election, but Washington Luís was deposed three weeks before the end of his term and Prestes was never inaugurated.

The republic of 1946

In 1945, Vargas was deposed by a military coup led by two ex-supporters. Nevertheless, he would be elected president once again and his influence in Brazilian politics would remain until the end of the second republic. In this period, three parties dominated the national politics. Two were pro-Vargas – in the left, PTB and in the center-right, PSD – and another anti-Vargas, the rightist UDN.

This period was very unstable. In 1954, Vargas committed suicide during a crisis that threatened his government and he was followed by a series of short-term presidents. In 1961, UDN elected the party's first president, Jânio Quadros, who resigned seven months later. In that time, the president and the vice-president were voted separately. The vice-president was a political enemy of Jânio Quadros, the leftist João Goulart. A brief crisis had taken place, and the solution was a parliamentarism system, in which Goulart was inaugurated with reduced powers. A plebiscite in 1963 restored presidencialism and a military coup deposed Goulart in 1964, starting the military dictatorship.


ee also

*History of Brazil
*List of Brazilian monarchs
*List of Brazilians

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of presidents — There are several lists of varying presidents. Are you looking for:* List of presidents of the United States * List of presidents of Brazil * List of presidents of Chile * List of presidents of Egypt * List of presidents of France * List of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Presidents of Venezuela — President of Venezuela …   Wikipedia

  • List of Presidents of Colombia — The following List of Presidents of Colombia is a list in chronological order of the persons who have occupied the Office of the President of Colombia or similar office during its history since achieving Independence in 1810. Because of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Brazilian monarchs — Monarchy of Brazil Former Monarchy Imperial …   Wikipedia

  • List of Brazilians — This is a list of well known Brazilians (by nationality or citizenship), ordered alphabetically within categories:Actors* Ana Paula Arósio (born 1975), actress * Antônio Fagundes (born 1949), actor * Bruno Campos, actor * Bibi Ferreira, actress * …   Wikipedia

  • List of temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints — col end This is a list of temples operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints, in chronological order. In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints, also called the Mormon Church, a temple is a building dedicated to be a… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Turkish people — This is a list of notable Turkish people. Actors/actresses * İsmail Ferhat Özlü * Güllü Agop * Tarık Akan Actor * Azra Akın Model, Miss World 2002 * Barış Akarsu * Filiz Akın – Actress * Fatih Akın, film director * Metin Akpınar – Actor * Derya… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Portugal-related articles — The following is a list of Portugal related articles. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.:compactTOC0–91383–1385 Crisis · 1755 Lisbon earthquakeAA Portuguesa · Afonso I… …   Wikipedia

  • List of heads of state and government who died in office — This is a list of heads of state and government who died in office, most often from illness.It only includes the heads of the state or government in the republican countries who died in office due to natural causes and does not include royal… …   Wikipedia

  • List of railroad executives — Following is a list of presidents and chief executive officers of railroad and railway systems worldwide. A * Abbot, Edwin H., WC 1890 . [cite news| url= free/pdf?res=9C03E5D7153BE533A25750C1A9629C94619ED7CF|… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”