Sagamore Camp

Sagamore Camp

Infobox_nrhp | name =Sagamore Lodge
nrhp_type =nhl

caption =A view of Lake Sagamore from the dining hall.
nearest_city= Raquette Lake, New York
lat_degrees = 43 | lat_minutes = 45 | lat_seconds = 55.65 | lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 74 | long_minutes = 37 | long_seconds = 38.25 | long_direction = W
area =
built =1897
architect= William West Durant
architecture= Other
designated= May 16, 2000cite web|url=
title=Sagamore Lodge|accessdate=2007-09-11|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service
added = January 11, 1976cite web|url=|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
governing_body = Private

Sagamore Camp is one of several historic Great Camps located in the Adirondack Mountains of northern New York State, which were built for the super-rich of the American Gilded Age as remote and luxurious rustic summer retreats. It was constructed by William West Durant on Sagamore Lake between 1895-1897. Durant was the son of Thomas C. Durant (1820-1885), a railroad tycoon and financial manipulator who briefly gained control of the Union Pacific Railroad during the 1860s, and whose machinations resulted in the 1872 Crédit Mobilier scandal. By the 1870s Thomas Durant had become the largest private landowner in the Adirondacks, and he had delegated his son to develop portions of his holdings for future sale to the moneyed elite. Prior to Sagamore, William Durant had constructed Camp Pine Knot (purchased by Collis P. Huntington and now the Huntington Memorial Outdoor Education Center [] ) and Camp Uncas (once owned by J. P. Morgan), both on nearby Raquette Lake. All three camps are still in use today.

In 1901 Durant was forced to sell Sagamore, reputedly because a lawsuit by his sister over his mismanagement of their mother's estate had pushed him to the edge of bankruptcy. [Kaiser, Henry K.: "Great Camps of the Adirondacks", p87-94. David R. Godine Publisher, 2003] It was purchased by Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt, who expanded and improved the property to include flush toilets, a sewer system and hot and cold running water. He later added a hydroelectric plant and an outdoor bowling alley with an ingenious system for retrieving the balls. Other amenities included a tennis court, a croquet lawn, a 100,000 gallon reservoir, and a working farm. Vanderbilt died in 1915, a victim of the Lusitania sinking, leaving Sagamore to his widow Margaret Emerson, an avid sportswoman who continued to occupy the camp for many years.

Mrs. Emerson transferred the property to Syracuse University, which operated a conference center here until the State of New York offered to buy it. Acquisition by the State as part of the Forest Preserve would have required demolition of the historic buildings, because of the "Forever Wild" provision of the New York State Constitution. To avert this, the Preservation League of New York arranged with the State to take title, transferring the property with deed restrictions to a not-for-profit institution that would provide suitable occupancy. Camp Sagamore has continued to function as a conference center.

The camp is arranged in two complexes a half-mile apart, the Upper, or worker's complex, and the Lower, or guest complex. The guests would not have frequented the worker's complex, as the buildings here are much more utilitarian than those in the Guest complex, and without the embellishment of the buildings designed for entertaining. Sagamore served as a sylvan setting in which the richest families in America could relax, party, and get a feeling of returning to nature. All of this, however, was accomplished without leaving the comforts of civilization behind.

A portion of Sagamore was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. A boundary increase for additional area was included in a multiple property submission for listing in 1986.citation|title=PDFlink| [ National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Great Camps of the Adirondacks] |2.75 MiB |date=July, 1986 |first=Larry E. |last=Gobrecht |publisher=National Park Service] The camp was designated as a National Historic Landmark on 2000-05-16. cite web|url=PDFlink| [ "Sagamore Camp", July 30, 1999, by Wesley Haynes] |2.61 MiB |title=National Historic Landmark Nomination|accessdate=2007-09-18|publisher=National Park Service] ,cite web|url=PDFlink| [ Sagamore--Accompanying 8 photos, exterior, from 1999.] |1.71 MiB |title=National Register of Historic Landmark Nomination|accessdate=2007-09-18|publisher=National Park Service] The historic camp is now run by Sagamore Institute of the Adirondacks, Inc. [] and is open to the public by guided tour, as well as offering accommodations May through October.


External links

* [ Sagamore's official site]
* [ Haynes, Wesley. Adirondack Great Camp Theme Study]





Further reading

*cite book | last = Kirschenbaum | first = Howard | authorlink = | coauthors = | year = 2001 | title = Story of Sagamore | publisher = North Country Books | location = | id = ISBN 0-913393-02-9

*cite book | last = Kaiser | first = Harvey H. | authorlink = | coauthors = | year = 2003 | title = Great Camps of the Adirondacks | publisher = David R. Godine | location = | id = ISBN 1-56792-073-X

*cite book | last = Gilborn | first = Craig A. | authorlink = | coauthors = | year = 2000 | title = Adirondack Camps: Homes Away from Home, 1850-1950 | publisher = Syracuse University Press | location = | id = ISBN 0-8156-0626-5

*cite book | last = Gilborn | first = Craig | authorlink = | coauthors = | year = 1981 | title = Durant: Fortunes and Woodland Camps of a Family in the Adirondacks | publisher = North Country Books | location = | id = ISBN 0-932052-24-X

Video documentaries



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