- Hamid Karzai
name = Hamid Steven Karzai
caption = Karzai in
14 June 2004
President of Afghanistan
Ahmad Zia Massoud(First V.P.) Karim Khalili(Second V.P.)
22 December 2001
7 December 2004
birth_date = birth date and age|1957|12|24|df=y
spouse = Zeenat Karzai Khan
party = Independent
Hamid Karzai ( _ps. حامد کرزي, _fa. حامد کرزي) (born
24 December 1957) is the current President of Afghanistan, since December 7, 2004. He became a prominent political figure after the removal of the Talibanregime in late 2001. From December 2001, Hamid Karzai had been the Chairmanof the Transitional Administration followed by the Interim President from 2002 until he won the 2004 Presidential election of Afghanistan. Karzai is known for his trademark Karakul hat.cite web |date= April 24, 2002|url = http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,51034,00.html|title = Hamid Karzai's Famous Hat Made From Aborted Lamb Fetuses|format = HTML |publisher = Fox News| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=] cite web |date= May 27, 2007|url = http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/bizfocus/archives/2007/05/27/2003362700/print|title = Karakuls burst upon the fashion world|format = HTML |publisher = Taipei Times| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=] cite web |date= December 12, 2000|url = http://www.infurmation.com/press_detail.php?id=99|title = HSUS Investigation Reveals Slaughter of Unborn and Newborn Lambs for Fur|format = HTML |publisher = Humane Society| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=] cite web |date=(9:00 PM ET) December 11, 2000, Monday|url = http://www.furcommission.com/news/newsF02d.htm|title = Transcript of NBC "Dateline" Feature on Karakul Production|format = HTML |publisher = furcommission| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=Karkakul lambs produce a very soft and supple coat. But the coat thickens quickly, and after the baby lamb is three days old, it's coat is too thick and rough to be used as fur. So the lambs are slaughtered - the younger, the better.]
Early years and personal life
Hamid Karzai, an ethnic Pashtun of the
Popalzaiclan of the Durranitribe, was born in Kandahar, Afghanistan. He comes from a family that were strong supporters of the former king, Zahir Shah. He has six brothers and one sister. Karzai is well-versed in several languages, including Dari, Pashto, Persian, Urdu, Hindi, English and French.cite web| url=http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,44641,00.html | title=Bio: Hamid Karzai | publisher=Fox News| accessdate=2008-02-27]
From 1979 to 1983, Karzai took a postgraduate course in political science at
Himachal Pradesh Universityin Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. He then returned to work as a fund-raiser by supporting anti-Soviet Mujahideenin Afghanistan during the Soviet intervention for the rest of the 1980s. After the fall of Najibullah's Soviet-backed government in 1992, he served as Deputy Foreign Minister in the government of Burhanuddin Rabbani.
In 1999, Hamid Karzai married Zeenat Karzai, an
obstetricianby profession who was working as a doctor with Afghan refugeesliving in Pakistan. They have a son born in 2007 named Mirwais. [BBC News (January 26, 2007), [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6302287.stm Hamid Karzai becomes father at 49] ] Karzai is known for his trademark Karakul hat. [ [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,51034,00.html Hamid Karzai's Famous Hat Made From Aborted Lamb Fetuses] FOX News] [ [http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/bizfocus/archives/2007/05/27/2003362700/print Karakuls burst upon the fashion world] , AP, KANIMEKH, UZBEKISTAN, Sunday, May 27, 2007, Page 12] [ [http://www.infurmation.com/press_detail.php?id=99 HSUS Investigation Reveals Slaughter of Unborn and Newborn Lambs for Fur: Dateline NBC Features Undercover Investigation Documenting Animal Cruelty] , Dec 12, 2000] [ [http://www.furcommission.com/news/newsF02d.htm Transcript of NBC "Dateline" Feature on Karakul Production] ]
Involvement in the Soviet war in Afghanistan
Karzai was a member of the Mujahideen and took active part in driving the
Sovietsout of Afghanistan during the Soviet invasion in the 1980s. The Mujahideen were secretly supplied and funded by the United States, and Karzai was a top contact for the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) at the time. He had close personal contact with CIA Director William Casey and George H. W. Bush, who was Vice President of the United States.Fact|date=November 2007 Karzai's brothers immigrated to the U.S. however Hamid Karzai stayed in Afghanistan and Pakistan working for the jihad against the soviet occupation.Fact|date=November 2007
Former Taliban supporter
accessdate=2008-02-11|quote=On Aug. 20, 1998, the day the United States sent cruise missiles to kill Osama bin Laden, Karzai told The Post that "there were many wonderful people in the Taliban....So he spent much of the fall offering to negotiate with Taliban chief Mohammad Omar and the vicious warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.] He lived in exile in
Quetta, in Pakistan where he worked to reinstate the Afghan king, Zahir Shah. His father, Abdul Ahad Karzai, was assassinated, presumably by Taliban agents, on July 14, 1999, and Karzai swore revenge against the Taliban by working to help overthrow them.Fact|date=December 2007 In 2001, Hamid Karzai worked closely with the Ahmad Shah Massoudto help gather support for the anti-Taliban movement.
February 11, 2005, in an interview with the Oxford International Review, Karzai criticizes the role the U.S. played in empowering the Taliban to take control in Afghanistan. He claims he spent many years before the 9/11 attackswarning embassies about the threat, but the West failed to respond, an act of “neglect, selfishness and short-sightedness." While he highlights the key role the United States and other donors have played in rebuilding and developing Afghanistan, his tone is not without bitterness. Cquote2|It’s just that we could have done all this before September 11th. We could have had these improvements here and the Twin Towers...We could have stopped terrorism before it reached you.| Hamid Karzai
Chairman to Interim President
In the months following the
September 11, 2001 attacksin the United States, Mujahideenloyal to the Northern Alliance and other groups worked with the U.S. military to overthrow the Taliban and muster support for a new government in Afghanistan. In October 2001, Hamid Karzai and his group of fighters survived an American "friendly fire" missile attack in southern Afghanistan. The group received injuries and were treated in the United States, Karzai received injuries to his facial nerves as can be noticed sometimes during his speeches. [ [http://www.time.com/time/asia/2003/journey/afghanistan.html Afghanistan, from the August 18 — August 25, 2003 issue of TIME magazine] ]
In December 2001, political leaders gathered in
Germanyto agree on new leadership structures. Under the December 5Bonn Agreement they formed an interim Transitional Administration and named Karzai Chairman of a 29-member governing committee. He was sworn-in as leader on December 22. The Loya Jirga of June 13, 2002, appointed Karzai Interim holder of the new position as President of the Afghan Transitional Administration.
After being installed into power Karzai's actual authority outside the capital city of
Kabulwas said to be so limited that he was often derided as the "Mayor of Kabul". Former members of the Northern Alliance remained extremely influential, most notably Vice President Mohammed Fahim, who also served as Defense Minister.
In 2004 he rejected a US proposal to end
poppyproduction in Afghanistan through aerial spraying of chemical herbicides, fearing that it would harm the economic situation of his countrymen. Moreover, Karzai's younger brother, Ahmed Wali Karzai, who partially helped finance Karzai's presidential campaign, is rumored to be involved in the herointrade [cite news
title=Reports Link Karzai’s Brother to Afghan Heroin Trade
New York Times
publisher= |location= |id= |pages= |page=
quote=Both President Karzai and Ahmed Wali Karzai, now the chief of the Kandahar Provincial Council, the governing body for the region that includes Afghanistan’s second largest city, dismiss the allegations as politically motivated attacks by longtime foes.
archiveurl= |archivedate= ] cite web |date=
March 7, 2006|url = http://www.cursor.org/stories/emptyspace2.html|title = Pseudo-development in Karzai's Afghanistan|format = HTML |publisher = cursor| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last=Marc W. Herold |quote=but the real power in Kandahar is Wali Ahmad Karzai, the president's drug-trafficking younger brother.] (although Karzai's family were quite wealthy alreadyFact|date=August 2008 from owning well established restaurants in the United States. [Jake Halpern, " [http://www.bostonmagazine.com/articles/a_taste_of_power/ A Taste of Power] ," "Boston Magazine" (January, 2005).] ) The situation was particularly delicate since Karzai and his administration have not been equipped either financially or politically to influence reforms outside of the region around the capital city of Kabul. Other areas, particularly the more remote ones, are currently and have historically been under the influence of various local leaders. Karzai has been, to varying degrees of success, attempting to negotiate and form amicable alliances with them for the benefit of Afghanistan as a whole, instead of aggressively fighting them and risking an uprising.
2004 presidential election
As incumbent president Karzai held high name recognition among voters, and was admired by his supporters for his steady leadership during an uncertain post-war period. Other contributing factors to his win may have included his endorsement by US President
George W. Bush's administration, the use of US Army transport during his election campaign, the brief one-month campaign season as well as the paucity of news coverage in the country about his opponents. Although his campaigning was limited due to fears of violence, elections passed without significant incident. Following investigation by the UN of alleged voting irregularities, the national election commission on November 3declared Karzai winner, without runoff, with 55.4% of the vote. This represented 4.3 million of the total 8.1 million votes cast. The election took place safely in spite of a surge of insurgent activity.cite book|last= Matthew J. Morgan|title= A Democracy Is Born: An Insider's Account of the Battle Against Terrorism in Afghanistan|url=http://www.ademocracyisborn.com/|year= 9/30/2007|publisher= Greenwood Publishing Group|isbn= 0275999998pn]
Karzai was officially sworn in as President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on
December 7, 2004at a formal ceremony in Kabul. Many interpreted the ceremony as a symbolically important "new start" for the war-torn nation. Notable guests at the inauguration included the country's former King, Zahir Shah, three living former US presidents, and U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney.
President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
After winning a democratic mandate in the 2004 election and removing many of the former
Northern Alliancewarlords from his cabinet, it was thought that Karzai would pursue a more aggressively reformist path in 2005. However, Karzai has proved to be more cautious than was expected.
Ever since Karzai's new administration took over in 2004, the
economy of Afghanistanhas been growing rapidly for the first time in many years. Government revenue is increasing every year, although it is still heavily dependent on foreign aid.
September 20, 2006Karzai told the United Nations General Assemblythat Afghanistan has become the "worst victim" of terrorism. [RFE/RL, [http://www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2006/09/9d5c90e1-de6e-4def-a053-9ba2f0aa4747.html/ Karzai Says Afghanistan 'Worst Victim' Of Terrorism ] ] Karzai said terrorismis "rebounding" in his country, with militants infiltrating the borders to wage attacks on civilians. He stated, "This does not have its seeds alone in Afghanistan. Military action in the country will, therefore, not deliver the shared goal of eliminating terrorism." He demanded assistance from the international community to destroy terrorist sanctuaries inside and outside Afghanistan. "You have to look beyond Afghanistan to the sources of terrorism," he told the UN General Assembly, and "destroy terrorist sanctuaries beyond" the country, dismantle the elaborate networks in the region that recruit, indoctrinate, train, finance, arm, and deploy terrorists. These activities are also robbing thousands of Afghan children of their right to education, and prevent health workers from doing their jobs in Afghanistan. In addition he promised to eliminate opium-poppy cultivation in the country, which helps fuel the ongoing insurgency. He has repeatedly demanded that NATOand U.S.-led coalition forces take more care when conducting military operations in residential areas to avoid civilian casualties, which undermine his government's already weak standing in parts of the country.cite web |date= October 18, 2006|url = http://archive.southcoasttoday.com/daily/10-06/10-19-06/16world-nation.htm|title = Civilians reported killed by airstrikes as NATO hunts Taliban |format = HTML |publisher = The Standard Times| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last=KATHY GANNON |quote=]
In a video broadcast on
September 24, 2006, Karzai stated that if the money wasted on the Iraq Warwas actually spent on rebuilding Afghanistan, his country would "be in heaven in less than one year".cite web |date=updated 7:31 p.m. ET September 24, 2006|url = http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/14986859/|title = Karzai says U.S. underfunding Afghanistan|format = HTML |publisher = pub| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last=msnbc |quote=Iraq war money could have stabilized nation against Taliban surge, he says] In May of 2007, after as many as 51 Afghan civilians were killed in a bombing, Karzai asserted that his government "can no longer accept" casualties caused by the USand NATOoperations.cite web |date= May 3, 2007|url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/02/AR2007050202757.html?hpid=sec-world|title = Karzai Says Civilian Toll Is No Longer Acceptable|format = HTML |publisher = Washington Post| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last=Pamela Constable |quote=]
September 5, 2002, an assassinationattempt was made on Hamid Karzai in Kandahar City. A gunman wearing the uniform of the new Afghan National Armyopened fire, wounding Gul Agha Sherzai(former governor of Kandahar) and an American Special Operations officer. The gunman, one of the President's bodyguards, and a bystander who knocked down the gunman were killed when Karzai's American bodyguards returned fire. Recently, some pictures of the U.S. Navy's DEVGRU responding to the attempt have surfaced. Apparently one of their members was wounded. [ [http://media.militaryphotos.net/photos/devgru Militaryphotos.net ] ]
September 16, 2004, an attempted assassination on Karzai took place when a rocket missed the helicopterhe was flying in while en route to Gardez.
June 10, 2007, the Taliban attempted to assassinate Karzai in Ghazniwhere Karzai was giving a speech to elders. The Taliban fired approximately 12 rockets, some of which landed convert|220|yd|m away from the crowd. Karzai was not hurt in the incident and was transported away from the location after finishing his speech.cite web |date= June 10, 2007|url = http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/06/11/asia/AS-GEN-Afghan-Violence.php|title = UN 'outraged' after assassination attempt on Karzai|format = HTML |publisher = The Associated Press | accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last= |quote=] cite web |date= June 11, 2007|url = http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article1913019.ece|title = Taleban fail in rocket attempt on Karzai’s life|format = HTML |publisher = timesonline| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last=Tim Albone in Kabul |quote=] cite web |date= 10 June 2007, 21:16 GMT 22:16 UK|url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6738201.stm|title = Karzai unhurt in Taleban attack|format = HTML |publisher = BBC News| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=]
April 27, 2008: Taliban insurgents used automatic weaponsand rocket-propelled grenades to attack a military parade that Karzai was attending in Kabul. Karzai was safe, but at least three people were killed, including a parliamentarian, ten-year-old girl and a minority leader, and ten injured.cite web |date= April 28, 2008|url = http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/leaders-attack-attempt-on-karzais-life/2008/04/28/1209234703430.html|title = Leaders attack attempt on Karzai's life|format = HTML |publisher = Sydney Morning Herald| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=] cite web |date= April 28 2008|url = http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/apr/28/afghanistan|title = Karzai survives Taliban assassination attempt during military parade|format = HTML |publisher = The Guardian| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=] Other attending the event included government ministers, former warlords, diplomats and the military top brass, to mark the 16th anniversary of the fall of the Afghan communist government to the mujahideen. cite web |date=2:04 p.m. ET April 27, 2008|url = http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24332573/|title = Afghan president survives assassination bid|format = HTML |publisher = MSNBC| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=ceremony to mark the 16th anniversary of Afghanistan’s victory over the Soviet invasion] Responding to the attack during the ceremony the United Nationssaid the attackers "have shown their utter disrespect for the history and people of Afghanistan."cite web |year=2008 |url = http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hmW-4fUkegeSQ3uAx2VRfXwxQ-YA|title = Afghan president escapes deadly parade attack|format = HTML |publisher = Google News| accessdate = 2008-05-01 | last= |quote=] Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahedclaimed responsibility for the attack stating, "We fired rockets at the scene of the celebration." He went on to say there were 6 Taliban at the scene and that 3 were killed. "Our aim was not to directly hit someone," Mujahed said when asked if the intention was to kill Karzai. "We just wanted to show to the world that we can attack anywhere we want to."
Relations with USA, Iran and Pakistan
In a January 2008 interview, Karzai expressed his feelings towards America by stating: "if I am called a puppet because we are grateful to America, then let that be my nickname." [ [http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/01/25/karzai.interview/?iref=mpstoryview Karzai: Terrorists could regain control - CNN.com ] ]
Although the Bush administration in USA often charge that
Iranhas been meddling in Afghanistan's affairs, Karzai stated that Iran is a "very close friend" of Afghanistan despite accusations of Iranian-made arms being found in Afghanistan. [ [http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/1282430851.html?dids=1282430851:1282430851&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Jun+5%2C+2007&author=Peter+Spiegel&pub=Chicago+Tribune&edition=&startpage=12&desc=Karzai%3A+Iran+a+%27very+close+friend%27 Karzai: Iran a 'very close friend'] , Chicago Tribune]
In August 2007 Karzai contradicted US assessments on Iran's role in Afghanistan by saying that Iran has been "a helper and a solution." [ [http://blog.washingtonpost.com/the-talk/2007/08/gates_troop_draw_downs_possibl.html?hpid=topnews Gates: Troop draw downs "possible" this year] ,
Washington Post] [http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,22195371-23109,00.html Karzai at odds with US over Iran | NEWS.com.au ] ] Karzai added that "Iran has been a supporter of Afghanistan, in the peace process that we have and the fight against terror, and the fight against narcotics in Afghanistan..." Also in the same month, on August 5, 2007, Karzai was invited to Camp Davidin Maryland, USA, for a special meeting with U.S. President George W. Bush.
In October 2007, Karzai rejected Western accusations against Iran, stating, "We have resisted the negative propaganda launched by foreign states against the Islamic Republic and we stress that aliens' propaganda should not leave a negative impact on the consolidated ties between the two great nations of Iran and Afghanistan."cite web |date=2007-10-20|url = http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=8607280722|title = Karzai Underlines Strong Bonds between Iran, Afghanistan|format = HTML |publisher = pub| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last= |quote=] Karzai added, "The two Iranian and Afghan nations are close to each other due to their bonds and commonalities, they belong to the same house and they will live alongside each other for good."cite web |date=
October 20, 2007|url = http://www2.irna.ir/en/news/view/menu-236/0710207137174726.htm|title = Karzai: Anti-Iran propaganda cannot have impact on Tehran-Kabul friendly ties Tehran|format = HTML |publisher = IRNA| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last= |quote=]
In late December 2007 Karzai and his delegates went to meet President
Pervez Musharrafin Islamabad, Pakistan, for new trade ties and intelligence sharing between the two countries. [Pajhowk Afghan News, [http://www.pajhwok.com/viewstory.asp?lng=eng&id=47628 Islamabad, Kabul agree on intelligence cooperation] , December 27, 2007.] Karzai also met and had a 45-minute talk with Benazir Bhuttoon the morning of December 27, hours before her trip to Liaquat National Baghwhere she was assassinated after her speech. [Pajhwok Afghan News, [http://www.pajhwok.com/viewstory.asp?lng=eng&id=47687 Bhutto, Karzai meeting proved the first & last one] , December 28, 2007.]
Talks with the Taliban
In April 2007, Karzai acknowledged that he spoke to the
Talibanabout trying to bring peace in Afghanistan.cite web |date= September 24, 2007|url = http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,297819,00.html?sPage=fnc/world/afghanistan|title = Afghan President Karzai Admits Seeking Peace Talks With Taliban|format = HTML |publisher = AP| accessdate = 2008-05-11 | last= |quote=UNITED NATIONS — Afghan President Hamid Karzai said Sunday his government is working very hard on peace talks with the Taliban that would draw the insurgents and their supporters "back to the fold."] He noted that the Afghan Taliban are "always welcome" in Afghanistan, although foreign militants are not.
In September 2007, Karzai again offered talks with the Taliban after a security scare forced him to end a commemoration speech.cite web |date=
September 9, 2007|url = http://in.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idINIndia-29427920070909|title = Afghanistan's Karzai urges Taliban talks after scare|format = HTML |publisher = reuters| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last= |quote=] Karzai left the event and was taken back to his palace, where he was due to meet visiting Latvian President Valdis Zatlers. After the meeting the pair held a joint news conference, at which Karzai called for talks with his Taliban foes. He made no reference to the security scare. "We don't have any formal negotiations with the Taliban. They don't have an address. Who do we talk to?" Karzai told reporters. He further stated: "If I can have a place where to send somebody to talk to, an authority that publicly says it is the Taliban authority, I will do it."
Hamid Karzai had associations with the Taliban in the past and was trying to negotiate with them. He also attempted to negotiate with former
Prime Minister of Afghanistan, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar,cite web |date=May 6, 2008 - 11:59|url = http://www.pajhwok.com/viewstory.asp?lng=eng&id=54541|title = Karzai optimistic about talks with Hekmatyar|format = HTML |publisher = pub| accessdate = 2008-05-11 | last=Zubair Babakarkhel |quote=] but the offer was rejected by Hizb spokesman, Haroon Zarghoon.cite web |date=May 7, 2008 - 13:51|url = http://www.pajhwok.com/viewstory.asp?lng=eng&id=54596|title = No talks with government: Hizb spokesman|format = HTML |publisher = pub| accessdate = 2008-05-11 | last=Javed Hamim |quote="Hekmatyar will never sit on table of talks with the government as long as there is no clear date for pullout of foreign troops even if he is offered to become president," said Eng. Zarghoon.] Zarghoon claims that until there is a, "clear date for pullout of foreign troops" there can be no deal with the Afghanistan government. Hamid Karzai has also been criticized for protecting Pashtun drug lords and poppy farmers in southern Afghanistan, where his political base lies as well as for blocking poppy crop aerial eradication efforts. [cite news |first=Thomas |last=Schweich |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Is Afghanistan a Narco-State? |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/27/magazine/27AFGHAN-t.html |work=The Times Magazine |publisher=New York Times |date=2008-07-26 |accessdate=2008-07-25 ]
Karzai has been the talk of many conspiracy theories over his supposed consultant work for the infamous Union Oil Company of California aka Unocal a now defunct oil company.cite web |date=June 10, 2002 edition|url = http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/0610/p01s03e-wosc.html|title = Afghan power brokers |format = HTML |publisher = pub| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last=Ilene R. Prusher, Scott Baldauf, and Edward Girardet |quote=Cool and worldly, Karzai is a former employee of US oil company Unocal – one of two main oil companies that was bidding for the lucrative contract to build an oil pipeline from Uzbekistan through Afghanistan to seaports in Pakistan – and the son of a former Afghan parliament speaker.] cite web |date=
January 10, 2002|url = http://www.counterpunch.org/tomenron.html|title = A Creeping Collapse in Credibility at the White House:|format = HTML |publisher = counterpunch| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last=Tom Turnipseed |quote=As reported in Le Monde, the new Afghan government's head, Hamid Karzai, formerly served as a UNOCAL consultant. Only nine days after Karzai's ascension, President Bush nominated another UNOCAL consultant and former Taliban defender, Zalmay Khalilzad, as his special envoy to Afghanistan.] Spokesmen for both Unocal and Karzai have denied any such relationship, although Unocal could not speak for all companies involved in the consortium. The original and only claim that Karzai worked for Unocal originates from a December 6, 2001issue of the French newspaper Le Monde.cite web |year=2007 |url = http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/afghanistan/karzai.htm|title = Hamid Karzai|format = HTML |publisher = globalsecurity| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last= |quote=The claim appears to have originated in the December 9, 2001 issue of the French newspaper Le Monde. Some have suggested that Karzai was confused with U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad.]
Honorary degrees and awards
* An honorary doctorate in literature from
Himachal Pradesh Universityin India, his alma mater, on March 7, 2003.
* Honorary British Knight (Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George) in June 2003.cite web |date= 2003-06-03|url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/2968994.stm|title = Queen gives Karzai knighthood|work=
BBC News| accessdate = 2008-08-01]
July 4, 2004, Karzai was awarded the Philadelphia Liberty Medalin Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In his acceptance speech, Karzai stated: "Where Liberty dies, evil grows. We Afghans have learned from our historical experiences that liberty does not come easily. We profoundly appreciate the value of liberty…for we have paid for it with our lives. And we will defend liberty with our lives." [ [http://www.constitutioncenter.org/libertymedal/recipient_2004.html 2004 Recipient Hamid Karzai - Liberty Medal - National Constitution Center ] ]
May 22, 2005, received an honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Boston University.cite web |date= May 22, 2005|url = http://www.bu.edu/phpbin/news/releases/display.php?id=937|title = AFGHAN PRESIDENT HAMID KARZAI CHALLENGES BOSTON UNIVERSITY GRADUATES TO BE GUIDED BY HUMANITY|format = HTML |publisher = Boston University| accessdate = 2007-12-11 | last= |quote=]
May 25, 2005, received an honorary degree from the Center for Afghan Studies at the University of Nebraska — Omaha.
September 25, 2006, received an honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Georgetown University.
List of state leaders
List of leaders of Afghanistan
Politics of Afghanistan
* [http://www.president.gov.af/ Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Office of the President]
* [http://www.embassyofafghanistan.org/president.html The Embassy of Afghanistan: President Hamid Karzai]
*Notable Names Database (NNDB) - [http://www.nndb.com/people/727/000025652/ Hamid Karzai]
* [http://www.notablebiographies.com/news/Ge-La/Karzai-Hamid.html Notable Biographies: Hamid Karzai]
* [http://www.afghan-web.com/bios/today/hkarzai.html Chronology of Hamid Karzai's life]
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