Madison County, Alabama

Madison County, Alabama

Infobox U.S. County
county = Madison County
state = Alabama

map size = 150
founded = December 13, 1808
seat = Huntsville
largest city = Huntsville
area_total_sq_mi =813
area_land_sq_mi =805
area_water_sq_mi =8
area percentage = 0.98%
census yr = 2000
pop = 276700
density_km2 =133
web =

Madison County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama, and is a major part of the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. The county is named in honor of James Madison, fourth President of the United States of America, and the first to visit the state of Alabama. According to the Census' 2005 estimate, the population was 298,192. Its county seat is Huntsville. Madison County covers parts of the former Decatur County.


Madison County was established on December 13, 1808 by the governor of the Mississippi territory. Madison County is recognized as the "birthplace" of Alabama, which was founded there on December 14, 1819. For much of the county's history, the economy has revolved mostly around agriculture. Madison County was one of the largest cotton-producing counties in the state of Alabama, and textile mills operated around the county.

This all changed when a group of German rocket scientists, led by Wernher von Braun, came to Huntsville in 1950. They developed the Mercury-Redstone Rocket, which eventually became the first vehicle to launch an American into space. Tens of thousands of jobs came to the area as a result of the "space race", and the population of Madison County rose from 72,903 in 1950 to an estimated 2005 population of 298,192.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,105 km² (813 square miles). Nearly 805 square miles (2,085 km²) of it is land, and 8 square miles (21 km²) of it (0.98%) is water.

The topography in the southern and eastern portions of the county is dominated by the dissected remnants of the Cumberland Plateau, such as Keel Mountain, Monte Sano and Green Mountain. The northern and western portions of the county are flatter.

Major highways



*Norfolk Southern Railway
*Huntsville and Madison County Railroad Authority


*Tennessee River
* Flint River
*Paint Rock River

Adjacent counties

*Lincoln County, Tennessee (north)
*Franklin County, Tennessee (northeast)
*Jackson County (east)
*Marshall County (southeast)
*Morgan County (southwest across the Tennessee River)
*Limestone County (west)

National protected area

* Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge (part)


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 276,700 people, 109,955 households, and 75,319 families residing in the county. The population density was 344 people per square mile (133/km²). There were 120,288 housing units at an average density of 149 per square mile (58/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.06% White, 22.78% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Nearly 1.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 109,955 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 53.40% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. Nearly 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,704, and the median income for a family was $54,360. Males had a median income of $40,779 versus $26,534 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,091. About 8.10% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.


The [ Madison County School System] runs public schools throughout the unincorporated areas of the county and the incorporated and unincorporated communities of Gurley, New Hope, Meridianville, Hazel Green, Toney, Monrovia, New Market, and Owens Cross Roads. The system runs 14 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, 5 high schools and a ninth grade school, and a career/technical center.

High schools in the Madison County School System are:

* Buckhorn High School (New Market, Alabama)
* Hazel Green High School
* Madison County (in Gurley)
* New Hope High School
* Sparkman High (in Harvest)

=Municipalities and census-designated places =
*Hazel Green
*Huntsville (part - part of Huntsville is in Limestone County)
*Madison (part - part of Madison is in Limestone County)
*Moores Mill
*New Hope
*New Market
*Owens Cross Roads
*Redstone Arsenal


External links

* [ Madison County Commission]
* [ Madison County Schools]
*Madison County [ of roads/towns] (map © 2007 Univ. of Alabama).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Madison County (Alabama) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Alabama Verwaltungssitz: Huntsville Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse 100 North Side Square Huntsville, AL 35801 4800 Gründung: 13. Dezember …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Alabama — Location of Madison County in Alabama This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Alabama. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Einträge im National Register of Historic Places im Madison County (Alabama) — Die Liste der Registered Historic Places im Madison County führt alle Bauwerke und historischen Stätten im Madison County in Alabama auf, die in das National Register of Historic Places aufgenommen wurden. Aktuelle Einträge Lfd. Nr. Name Bild… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Madison County — is the name of nineteen counties and one parish in the United States, most of which are named for James Madison, fourth President of the United States. It may refer to: Madison County, Alabama Madison County, Arkansas Madison County, Florida… …   Wikipedia

  • Madison County Sheriff's Office — could refer to several sheriffs departments in the United States, including:* Madison County, Alabama Sheriff s Office * Madison County, Arkansas Sheriff s Office * Madison County, Florida Sheriff s Office * Madison County, Georgia Sheriff s… …   Wikipedia

  • Madison County Airport — may refer to airports in the United States:*Madison County Airport (Kentucky), Madison County, Kentucky *Madison County Airport (Ohio), Madison County, Ohio *Madison County Executive Airport, Madison County, Alabama *Rexburg Madison County… …   Wikipedia

  • Madison County — Es gibt in den Vereinigten Staaten 20 Countys oder Parishes mit dem Namen Madison: Madison County (Alabama) Madison County (Arkansas) Madison County (Florida) Madison County (Georgia) Madison County (Idaho) Madison County (Illinois) Madison… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Madison County Executive Airport — also known as Tom Sharp Jr. Field, is a public use airport in Madison County, Alabama, United States. It is owned by the Madison County Executive Airport Authority and located one mile (2 km) northeast of the central business district of… …   Wikipedia

  • Madison County Courthouse — bezeichnet mehrere gleichnamige, im NRHP gelistete, Objekte: Madison County Courthouse (Arkansas), ID Nr. 93001253 Madison County Courthouse (Georgia), ID Nr. 80001114 Madison County Courthouse (Idaho), ID Nr. 87001587 Madison County Courthouse… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marshall County, Alabama — Location in the state of Alabama …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”