- Madison County, Alabama
Infobox U.S. County
county = Madison County
state = Alabama
map size = 150
December 13, 1808
seat = Huntsville
largest city = Huntsville
area percentage = 0.98%
census yr = 2000
pop = 276700
web = www.co.madison.al.us
Madison County is a
countyof the U.S. stateof Alabama, and is a major part of the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. The county is named in honor of James Madison, fourth President of the United States of America, and the first to visit the state of Alabama. According to the Census' 2005 estimate, the population was 298,192. Its county seatis Huntsville. Madison County covers parts of the former Decatur County.
Madison County was established on
December 13, 1808by the governor of the Mississippi territory. Madison County is recognized as the "birthplace" of Alabama, which was founded there on December 14, 1819. For much of the county's history, the economy has revolved mostly around agriculture. Madison County was one of the largest cotton-producing counties in the state of Alabama, and textile mills operated around the county.
This all changed when a group of German
rocket scientists, led by Wernher von Braun, came to Huntsville in 1950. They developed the Mercury-RedstoneRocket, which eventually became the first vehicle to launch an American into space. Tens of thousands of jobs came to the area as a result of the "space race", and the population of Madison County rose from 72,903 in 1950 to an estimated 2005 population of 298,192.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,105 km² (813 square miles). Nearly 805 square miles (2,085 km²) of it is land, and 8 square miles (21 km²) of it (0.98%) is water.
The topography in the southern and eastern portions of the county is dominated by the dissected remnants of the
Cumberland Plateau, such as Keel Mountain, Monte Sanoand Green Mountain. The northern and western portions of the county are flatter.
Norfolk Southern Railway
Huntsville and Madison County Railroad Authority
* Flint River
Paint Rock River
Lincoln County, Tennessee(north)
Franklin County, Tennessee(northeast)
*Jackson County (east)
*Marshall County (southeast)
*Morgan County (southwest across the Tennessee River)
*Limestone County (west)
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge(part)
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 276,700 people, 109,955 households, and 75,319 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 344 people per square mile (133/km²). There were 120,288 housing units at an average density of 149 per square mile (58/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.06% White, 22.78% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Nearly 1.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 109,955 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 53.40% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. Nearly 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $44,704, and the median income for a family was $54,360. Males had a median income of $40,779 versus $26,534 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $23,091. About 8.10% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
The [http://www.madison.k12.al.us/ Madison County School System] runs public schools throughout the unincorporated areas of the county and the incorporated and unincorporated communities of Gurley, New Hope, Meridianville, Hazel Green, Toney, Monrovia, New Market, and Owens Cross Roads. The system runs 14 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, 5 high schools and a ninth grade school, and a career/technical center.
High schools in the Madison County School System are:
Buckhorn High School (New Market, Alabama)
Hazel Green High School
* Madison County (in Gurley)
New Hope High School
Sparkman High(in Harvest)
=Municipalities and census-designated places =
*Huntsville (part - part of Huntsville is in Limestone County)
*Madison (part - part of Madison is in Limestone County)
*Owens Cross Roads
* [http://www.co.madison.al.us/ Madison County Commission]
* [http://www.madison.k12.al.us/ Madison County Schools]
*Madison County [http://alabamamaps.ua.edu/contemporarymaps/alabama/counties/madison.jpgmap of roads/towns] (map © 2007 Univ. of Alabama).
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