Clongowes Wood College

Clongowes Wood College
Clongowes Wood College S.J.
Clane, County Kildare, Ireland
Religious affiliation(s) Roman Catholic
Society of Jesus
Established 1814
Founder Fr. Peter Kenney SJ
Chairperson Mr. John Tierney
Rector Fr Bruce Bradley SJ
Headmaster Fr Leonard Moloney SJ
Gender Boys
Age 12-13 to 17-18
School fees €16,500 per annum (2008/2009) [1]

Clongowes Wood College is a voluntary secondary boarding school for boys, located near Clane in County Kildare, Ireland. Founded by the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1814,[2] it is one of Ireland's oldest Catholic schools, and featured prominently in James Joyce's semi-autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. One of five Jesuit schools in Ireland, it had 450 students in 2007 when the fees were €15,200 per annum.[citation needed]

The school's current headmaster is Fr Leonard Maloney;[3] Fr Michael Sheil SJ retired as rector in 2006 and Fr Bruce Bradley[4] (headmaster 1992-2000) is his successor.



The school is a secondary boarding school for boys from Ireland and other parts of the world.[5] The school is divided into three groups, known as "lines". The Third Line is for First and Second years; the Lower Line for Third and Fourth years; and the Higher Line for Fifth and Sixth years. Each year is known by a name: Elements (First year), Rudiments (Second year), Grammar (Third year), Syntax (Fourth year), Poetry (Fifth year), and Rhetoric (Sixth year).[6]


The medieval castle was originally built in the 13th century by John de Hereford, an early Anglo-Norman warrior and landowner in North Kildare.[7]He had been given extensive lands in the area of Kill, Celbridge and Mainham by his brother, Adam de Hereford, who had come to Ireland with 'Strongbow', the Earl of Pembroke.

It is the residence of the religious community and was improved by a "chocolate box" type restoration in the 18th century. It was rebuilt in 1718 by Stephen Fitzwilliam Browne and extended in 1788 by Thomas Wogan Browne.[citation needed] It is situated beside a ditch and wall - known as ramparts - constructed for the defence of the Pale in the 14th century. The building was completely refurbished in 2004 and the reception was moved back there from the "1999 building".

The castle is connected to the modern buildings by an elevated corridor hung with portraits, the Serpentine Gallery referred to by James Joyce.[8] This gallery was completely demolished and rebuilt in 2004 as part of a redevelopment programme for the school buildings.

In 1929 another wing was built at a cost of £135,000, presenting the rear façade of the school. It houses the main classrooms and the Rudiments, Grammar, Syntax, and Humanities dormitories.

An expansion and modernisation was completed in 2000; the €4.8m project added another residential wing that included a 500-seat dining hall, kitchen, entrance hall, offices, plant room, and study/bedrooms for sixth year ("Rhetoric") students.[9]

The Boys' Chapel has an elaborate reredos, a large pipe-organ in the gallery, and a sequence of Stations of the Cross painted by Sean Keating. School tradition has it that the portrait of Pontius Pilate in the twelfth station was based on the school rector, who had refused to pay the artist his asking price.


The school traces its history back to a 799-acre (3.23 km2) estate owned by the Wogan family in 1418 under the reign of Henry IV. The name "Clongowes" comes from the Irish for "meadow" (cluain) and for "blacksmith" (gobha). The estate was originally known as "Clongowes de Silva" (de Silva meaning "wood" in Latin).[10] The estate later passed to the Eustace family and became part of the fortified border of the Pale in 1494. The Eustaces lost their estates during the Restoration.[11] The estate was sold by the Wogan-Brownes to the Jesuits in March 1814 for £16,000.

The school accepted its first pupil, James MacLorinan, on 18 May 1814.[12]

In 1886 the Jesuit-run St Stanislaus College in Tullabeg, County Offaly, was amalgamated with Clongowes Wood College.[13]

As of 2008, there are 13 Jesuits living at the historic school.[14]

Historical accounts

One early history is of the school is The Clongowes Record 1814-1932 by Fr. Timothy Corcoran, S.J. (Browne and Nolan, Dublin, 1932). A half-century later, a history was written by Fr Roland Burke Savage SJ and published in The Clongownian school magazine during the 1980s; that same decade, Peter Costello wrote Clongowes Wood: a History of Clongowes Wood College 1814-1989, published by Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1989).

Popular culture

The school featured prominently in James Joyce's semi-autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. More recently, a documentary depicting a year in the life in the school was screened in 2001 as part of RTÉ's True Lives series.[15] The popular fictional series of Ross O'Carroll Kelly has mentioned Clongowes Wood on a number of occasions in the book and Irish Times column.

Selected alumni

  • Frederick Boland, first Irish ambassador to Great Britain and to the United Nations, and father of Irish poet Eavan Boland
  • John Bruton, former Taoiseach of Ireland
  • Gordon D'Arcy, rugby player
  • Edmund Dwyer-Gray, 29th Premier of Tasmania
  • Eugene Esmonde, World World II pilot and posthumous recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Rob Kearney, rugby player
  • Enoch Louis Lowe, 33rd Governor of the U.S. state of Maryland
  • Francis Sylvester Mahony, 19th-century humorist known by the pen name "Father Prout"
  • Fergus McFadden, rugby player
  • Paul McGuinness, business manager for the Irish rock band U2
  • Charles Mitchel, RTÉ's first newsreader
  • Michael O'Leary, CEO of Ryanair
  • Kieran Prendiville, television writer, producer, and creator of the BBC drama Ballykissangel
  • James John Skinner, first Minister of Justice of the Republic of Zambia and a former Chief Justice of Malawi
  • Pat Reid, MBE, MC was a British Army officer who escaped from Colditz and noted non-fiction and historical author.
  • John Ryan Artist, broadcaster, publisher, critic, editor, patron and publican.
  • Brian Carney, Irish rugby league player
  • James Joyce, Writer and author of Ulysses.
  • Oliver St.John Gogarty, Writer, critic, and inspiration for Buck Mulligan in Joyce's Ulysses.
  • Maurice Healy (writer), author of the celebrated memoir The Old Munster Circuit.
  • Michael Smurfit, Businessman, former CEO of Jefferson Smurfit Group and owner of 'The K Club', County Kildare.
  • Barry O'Callaghan, Chairman and CEO of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, and the Chairman of Education Media and Publishing Group.
  • Kevin O'Higgins, former Irish Vice-President of the Executive Council and Minister for Justice.
  • James FitzGerald-Kenney, O'Higgins' successor as Minister for Justice.
  • John Redmond, Irish nationalist politician, barrister, MP in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party from 1900 to 1918.
  • Thomas Kettle, Irish journalist, barrister, writer, poet, soldier, economist and Home Rule politician.
  • Thomas Francis Meagher, Irish nationalist and leader of the Young Irelanders.
  • Michael Joseph O'Rahilly, (The O'Rahilly), Irish Volunteer, killed in the Easter Rising.
  • John Charles McQuaid, Catholic Archbishop of Dublin and Primate of Ireland between 1940-1972.
  • John M. O'Sullivan, Cumann na nGaedheal politician, cabinet minister and academic.
  • J. T. Walsh, US film actor with roles in Good Morning Vietnam, A Few Good Men and others

Partner schools

See also


External links

Coordinates: 53°18′39.3″N 6°41′0.4″W / 53.310917°N 6.683444°W / 53.310917; -6.683444

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clongowes Wood College — es un colegio irlandés privado de educación secundaria, con internado, para chicos. Está enclavado cerca de Clane en County Kildare, Irlanda. Fue fundado por la Compañía de Jesús en 1814.[1] Es uno de los más antiguos colegios católicos de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clongowes Wood College — 53°18′39.3″N 6°41′0.4″O / 53.310917, 6.683444 Clongowes Wood College est un collège pour garçons situé en Irlande …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wood — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Personas 2 Lugares 3 Música 4 Otros Personas Alphonso W. Wood, botánico esta …   Wikipedia Español

  • St Stanislaus College — was a school in Tullabeg, County Offaly, Ireland. It was founded as a school for boys under the age of thirteen in 1818. It was endowed by the O Briens, a local gentry family, and was intended to cater for upper middle class Catholics, as was the …   Wikipedia

  • Crescent College — Crescentes in Illo Per Omnia Growing in Him through all things Address Dooradoyle, Co. Limerick Munster …   Wikipedia

  • Mungret College — Mungret College, situated 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Limerick, Ireland, near the village of Mungret, was a Jesuit apostolic school and a lay secondary school from 1882 until 1974 when it closed as a school for the last time. The college… …   Wikipedia

  • Castleknock College — ( Coláiste Caisleán Cnucha in Irish) is a private (fee paying) secondary school for boys situated in the residential suburb of Castleknock, 8 km west of the city centre in Dublin, Ireland. HistoryThe history of Castleknock College dates back over …   Wikipedia

  • Stonyhurst College — • History of the school, which dates back to a period considerably prior to its foundation on English soil in 1794 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Stonyhurst College     Stonyhurst College …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St Aloysius' College — may refer to:Europe*Two Irish Jesuit schools: Gonzaga College in County Dublin and Clongowes Wood College in County Kildare *cite web | title=St Aloysius School | url= all girls Voluntary Secondary School in County Cork,… …   Wikipedia

  • St Patrick's College, Maynooth — Coláiste Phádraig, Má Nuad Latin: Collegium Sti Patricii Apud Maynooth Established 1795 Type Roman Catholic, Private Presiden …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”