- Pocket Books
Pocket Books is a division of
Simon & Schusterthat primarily publishes paperbackbooks.
Pocket produced the first mass-market, pocket-sized paperback books in America in early
1939and revolutionized the publishing industry. The German Albatross Bookshad pioneered the idea of a line of color-coded paperback editions in 1931under Kurt Enoch; Penguin Booksin Britain had refined the idea in 1935and had 1 million books in print by the following year.
In 1944, the founding owners sold the company to
Marshall Field III, owner of the "Chicago Sun" newspaper. Following his death, in 1957, Leon Shimkin, a Simon & Schuster partner, and James M. Jacobson bought Pocket Books.
Penguin's success inspired entrepreneur
Robert de Graff, who partnered with publishers Simon & Schuster to bring it to the American market. Priced at 25 cents and featuring the logo of Gertrude the kangaroo(named after the artist's mother-in-law), Pocket Books' editorial policy of reprints of light literature, popular non-fiction, and mysteries was coordinated with its strategy of selling books outside the traditional distribution channels. The format size, and the fact that the books were glued rather than stitched, were cost-cutting innovations.
The first ten Pocket Book titles:
Lost Horizon" by James Hilton
Wake Up and Live" by Dorothea Brande
# "Five Great Tragedies" by
# "Topper" by
The Murder of Roger Ackroyd" by Agatha Christie
# "Enough Rope" by
Wuthering Heights" by Emily Brontë
The Way of All Flesh" by Samuel Butler
The Bridge of San Luis Rey" by Thornton Wilder
# "Bambi" by Felix Salter
The edition of "Wuthering Heights" hit the best-seller list, and by the end of the first year Pocket Books had sold more than 1.5 million units. Robert de Graff continued to refine his selections with movie tie-ins and greater emphasis on mystery novels, particularly those of Christie and
Erle Stanley Gardner.
Pocket and its imitators thrived during
World War IIbecause material shortages worked to their advantage. During the war, Pocket sued Avon Booksfor copyright infringement: among other issues, a New York state court found Pocket did not have an exclusive right to the pocket-sized format (both Pocket and Avon published paperback editions of Leslie Charteris' "The Saint" mystery series, among others).
Pocket is still known for publishing works of popular fiction based on movies or TV series, such as the "
Star Trek" franchise and formerly "Buffy the Vampire Slayer". The author credited for one of the Buffy products is Gertrude Pocket, a reference to the company's kangaroo logo (The Buffy novels are now published by Simon Spotlight Entertainment, another division of Simon & Schuster). Since first obtaining the "Star Trek" license from Bantam Booksin 1980 (with a publication of the novelization of ""), Pocket has published hundreds of original and adapted works based upon the franchise. Incidentally, Pocket Books is a division of the same company that owns Paramount Pictures, which produced all of the "Star Trek" television shows and movies. Pocket Books is also the division that currently owns publication rights to the well-known work of James O'Barr, " The Crow".
Baen Books—Science fiction and fantasy
*Downtown Press—chick lit
*Pocket Star Books—media tie in
*Sonnet (defunct) - romance
*Timescape (defunct) - science fiction
*Wanderer Books (defunct) - former publisher of the "Hardy Boys" stories.
* WWE Books
* [http://www.pocketbooks.com/ Pocket Books]
* [http://paperbarn.www1.50megs.com/Paperbacks/paperbackpub2.html A history of the paperback]
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