Insurance in Australia

Insurance in Australia

Australia has a sophisticated and well developed insurance market, which can be divided into roughly three components: life insurance, general insurance and health insurance. These markets are fairly distinct, with most larger insurers focusing on only one type, although in recent times several of these companies have broadened their scope into more general financial services, and have faced competition from banks and subsidiaries of foreign financial conglomerates.

Types of insurance

Life insurance

Life insurance products sold in Australia include term life insurance, disability income insurance. Australian insurers are unusual in providing a lump sum Total and Permanent Disability insurance. Life insurers also sell superannuation investment products.

Life insurers

Some of the life insurance companies which operate in Australia are:
* AMP Limited
* Allianz Australia

In addition, life insurance is also sold by friendly societies.

General insurance

General insurance products sold in the Australian can roughly be divided into two classes:

* Liability insurance such as Compulsory Third Party (CTP) motor insurance, worker's compensation, professional indemnity insurance and public liability insurance;
* Property insurance such as Home and Contents insurance, and comprehensive motor vehicle insurance

Certain types of insurance, such as CTP and worker's compensation, are statutory (i.e. are required by law), and can differ considerably by state.

General insurers

Some of the larger general insurers (and subsidiaries) are:
* Insurance Australia Group (IAG)
* Suncorp-Metway
* QBE Insurance
* Allianz Australia

Previous insurers include:
* Promina Group merged with Suncorp in 2007
* SGIO and SGIC purchased by IAG
* HIH Insurance collapsed in 2001

Health Insurance

The Australian Government provides a basic universal health insurance, Medicare. Private health insurance in Australia is limited to those services not covered by Medicare or to services provided in private hospitals.

The Australian Taxation system encourages middle to high income earners to take out Private Health Insurance. While most taxpayers pay a 1.5% Medicare Levy, an additional 1% Medicare Levy Surcharge is payable by those taxpayers who earn more than $50,000 and do not have Private Health Insurance.

Industry structure

Life insurers were traditionally mutual companies, but in the 1980s and 1990’s many of them demutualised and with a few large exceptions are owned by banks. The large remaining insurers have become “financial services” organisations and now derive the majority of their revenue from superannuation investment products.

General Insurers have a more diverse ownership structure, with more stand alone independent general insurers (although some life insurers do own general insurers).

Health insurers are still predominantly mutuals. The notable exception is Medibank Private, the largest private health insurer in Australia, which is owned by the Australian government.


:"See main article Australian insurance law"

The prudential aspects of general and life insurance (solvency etc) are regulated by the Australian Prudential Regulatory Authority (APRA). Matters relating to advice or disclosure of insurance products sold are regulated by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC). The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) also has a regulatory role with respect to competition law.

In certain states, various bodies also have powers in regulating certain types of statutory insurance. For example, in New South Wales the Motor Accidents Authority [] regulates Compulsory Third Party motor liability insurance. In many cases these bodies have powers regarding premium rating and reinsurance rules.

Private health insurers are regulated by the Private Health Insurance Administration Council (PHIAC) [] .

The primary legislation is:
* Life Insurance Act 1995 (Life Insurance)
* Insurance Act 1973 (General Insurance)

Industry bodies

The main industry bodies are:

* Insurance Council of Australia [] which represents general insurers.
* Investment and Financial Services Association
* Underwriting Agencies Council

ee also

* Financial system in Australia
* Insurance
* Australian insurance law
* Margin on Services (accounting method for life insurance in Australia)
* Superannuation in Australia

External links

[ KPMG General Insurance Industry Survey 2007]
[,1,5,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,4,0,1,0,0,0.html Standard & Poors : Insurance Credit ratings list] ]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Insurance in the United States — refers to the market for risk in the United States of America. Some main features of insurance could be said to be, *the benefit provided by a particular kind of indemnity contract, called an insurance policy; *that is issued by one of several… …   Wikipedia

  • Australia–Canada relations — Canadian Australian relations Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Insurance — This article is about risk management. For Insurance (blackjack), see Blackjack. For Insurance run (baseball), see Insurance run. In law and economics, insurance is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Insurance industry in China — The Chinese insurance industry has experienced rapid expansion over the past decade, with annual life insurance premiums growing from 10 billion U.S. dollars in 1999 to 46 billion U.S. dollars in 2006. In addition to steadily increasing demand,… …   Wikipedia

  • Australia and New Zealand Banking Group — Limited Type Public (ASX: ANZ) Industry Banking …   Wikipedia

  • Australia and New Zealand Banking Group — Limited (ANZ) Rechtsform Limited ISIN AU000000ANZ3 Gründung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Insurance Australia Group — Création 2000 Siège social …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Australia and New Zealand Banking Group — Australia and New Zealand Banking Group …   Википедия

  • Australia And New Zealand Banking Group — Pour les articles homonymes, voir ANZ. Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited, connu comme le groupe ANZ est une société bancaire d Océanie. C est le 3e groupe bancaire australien dont le siège mondial est à Melbourne, depuis les années… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Australia and New Zealand Bank — Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Pour les articles homonymes, voir ANZ. Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited, connu comme le groupe ANZ est une société bancaire d Océanie. C est le 3e groupe bancaire australien dont le siège… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”