- Edward White Benson
Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury|
Full name = Edward White Benson
began = 1883
October 11 1896
Archibald Campbell Tait
July 14 1829
October 11 1896
tomb = Anglican Portal
Edward White Benson (
July 14 1829– October 11 1896) was Archbishop of Canterburyfrom 1882 until his death.
Highgate, Birminghamand educated at King Edward's School in Birmingham and Trinity College, Cambridge, Benson began his career as a schoolmaster at Rugby Schoolin 1852. In 1859 Benson was chosen by Prince Albert as the first Master (headmaster) of Wellington College, Berkshire, which had been built as the nation's memorial to the Duke of Wellington. Benson was largely responsible for establishing Wellington as a great English public school, closely modelled on Rugby School, rather than the military academy originally planned. He later served as Chancellor of Lincoln Minster from 1872-77, and Bishop of Trurofrom 1877-82. He founded Truro High School for Girls[ Amy Key Clarke, "The Story of Truro High School, the Benson Foundation". Truro: Oscar Blackford, 1979] in 1880.
Henry Jamesa simple, rather inexpert story he had heard about the ghosts of evil servants who tried to lure young children to their deaths. James recorded the hint in his "Notebooks" and eventually used it as the starting-point for his classic ghost story, " The Turn of the Screw". Benson died from cardiovascular diseasein 1896.
Benson is best remembered for devising the Festival of
Nine Lessons and Carols, an order first used in Truro Cathedralon Christmas Eve, 1880 - a service that is now used every Christmas around the world.
Benson and his wife
Mary Sidgwick Benson, the sister of philosopher Henry Sidgwick, had six children. Their fifth child was the novelist E. F. Benson. Another son was A C Benson, the author of the lyrics to Elgar's Land of Hope and Gloryand master of Magdalene College, Cambridge. Their sixth and youngest child, Robert Hugh Bensonwrote several novels. Their daughter Margaret Bensonwas an artist, authorand amateur Egyptologist.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=21821 Memorial Page for Edward White Benson]
* [http://www.birminghamnet.co.uk/galleries/features/blueplaque/benson.html BirminghamNet: Edward White Benson]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.