Porridge, or porage, is a simple dish made by boiling oats (normally crushed oats, occasionally oatmeal) or another cereal in water, milk, or both. Dishes made from cornmeal to which boiling water is added are a variant of porridge, though these are more often described by regional/national variant names such as polenta and grits and are prepared and served according to special regional traditions. Oat and semolina porridge are the most popular varieties in many countries, other cereals used for porridge include rice, wheat, barley, and cornmeal. Legumes such as peasemeal can also be used to make porridge. Gruel is similar to porridge but is much more like a drink; it has a very thin consistency and is made with water.

In many cultures, porridge is eaten as a breakfast dish, often with the addition of salt, sugar, milk or cream. As the traditional breakfast of Scotland (where it is also spelled porage) it is made with salt. Some manufacturers of breakfast cereal sell "ready-made" versions; aficionados question whether these can truly be called porridge.Who|date=August 2008Fact|date=August 2008 In parts of Asia, porridge is made for horses and donkeys. Porridge is one of the easiest ways to digest grains or legumes, and is used traditionally in many cultures as a food to nurse the sick back to health. It is also commonly eaten by athletes training for their events.

In Scotland the art of porridge-making is competitive with the World Porridge Making Championships held annually in Carrbridge, Inverness-shire. The event is also known as the Golden Spurtle due to the winner receiving a gold-coloured trophy of a spurtle, which is a utensil used for stirring porridge. The contest is held in October each year [ [http://www.scotlandontv.tv/scotland_on_tv/video.html?vxSiteId=60fdd544-9c52-4e17-be7e-57a2a2d76992&vxChannel=Food%20About&vxClipId=1380_SMG1232&vxBitrate=300 Coverage of 2007's Golden Spurtle contest in Carrbridge] ] .


*oat porridge - can be made with steel-cut oats (traditional in Ireland and Scotland) or with rolled oats (traditional in England and the United States); known simply as porridge in the British Isles, Australia, New Zealand, as oatmeal or oatmeal mush in the United States, and known as both in Canada; also a traditional Scandinavian and Icelandic breakfast, where it is known as havregrød in Denmark, havregrynsgröt in Sweden, Havregrøt in Norway, hafragrautur in Iceland, and Puuro in Finland. In Scotland Porridge Oats is traditionally prepared using a spurtle. Oat porridge has been found in the stomachs of 5,000 year old Neolithic bog bodies in central Europe and Scandinavia. [Lloyd, J & Mitchinson, J: "The Book of General Ignorance". Faber & Faber, 2006.]
**groats - a porridge made from unprocessed oats.
**zacierka - Polish traditional breakfast made with hot milk, sometimes with sugar and butter.
**in Brazil, "mingau de aveia" (oatmeal boiled in milk) is a breakfast or side dish.
*maize porridge
**grits, ground hominy grits or ground posole - traditional in the southern United States
**atole - Mexico—water, milk
**gofio canary island toasted rough grain flour sometimes made into porridge
**frumenty boiled wheat porridge eaten in Roman times sometimes with fruit or meat added
**polenta - Italy
**mămăligă - Romania
**atole de chocolate or champurrado - Mexico—sugar, milk, chocolate. In the Philippines, it is usually rice with sugar, milk, and chocolate and spelled as "champorado."
**cornmeal mush - traditional dish in southern and mid-Atlantic US states
**Uji - East Africa-Kenya, swift thick porridge made most commonly from maize flour mixed with sorghum and many other different grinded grains flour, with milk/butter and sugar/(salt). Ugali, a much solid meal, made from maize flour although some mix with other grain flour, are staple foods over a wide part of the African continent, e.g. pap (South Africa), sadza (Zimbabwe), nshima (Zambia), tuwo or ogi (Nigeria) — may also be made from sorghum
*pease porridge (also peasemeal porridge) - made from dried peas, traditionally English and Scottish
*rubaboo - made from dried maize and peas with animal fat, and a staple food of the voyageurs
*barley porridge. Tsampa is a toasted grain flour,usually barley eaten in Tibet, often mixed with tea and butter.
*wheat porridge
**cream of wheat or farina
**polenta (could also be made from corn) - Italy—raisins, milk, sugar
**Wheatena - a brand name for a whole-wheat porridge
**dalia - a simple porridge made out of cracked wheat, a common breakfast in Northern India. It is cooked in milk or water, and is eaten with salt or sugar added.
**uppama or uppma - a fried semolina (suzi or shuji) porridge traditional in southern India; flavored with clarified butter (ghee), fried onions, toasted mustard seeds, curry leaves; often mixed with vegetables and other foods, such as potatoes, fried dried red chilis, fried cauliflower, and toasted peanuts or cashew nuts.
*rice porridge
**Cream of Rice American warm cereal boiled in milk or water with sugar or salt.
**congee (also "jook" (Cantonese) or xī fàn (Mandarin)) - with chicken or duck's eggs and pork, coriander leaf, fried wonton noodles, with fried dough (yao ja gwai (Cant.) or yóu tiáo (Mand.))
**bubur - Indonesia and Malay - there are many types of rice porridge in Indonesia, for example, bubur sumsum, made from rice flour boiled with coconut milk then served with palm sugar sauce and bubur Menado, a rice porridge mixed with various vegetables and eaten with fried salted fish and chili sauce (sambal).
**Kayu - Japan—salt and green onions
**juk (죽) - Korea—with seafood, pine nuts, mushrooms, etc.
**kao dom - Thailand—cilantro, preserved duck eggs, fish sauce, sliced chili peppers, pickled mustard greens or salt cabbage preserves, red pepper flakes
**cháo – Vietnam – rice, water, beef stock (cháo bò) or chicken stock (cháo gà), ginger; contains fish sauce; often served with scallions, cabbage slaw, and fried sticks of bread
**arroz caldo or lugaw - Philippines—rice, water, saffron, ginger, meat optional
**risgrøt - Norway —made with rice with added vanilla, cooked with milk and served with cinnamon, sugar and butter.
**riisipuuro, risgrynsgröt, risengrød, risengrynsgrøt- Finland/Sweden/Denmark/Norway —a daily staple porridge becoming a Christmas food, when eaten with cinnamon and sugar
**various other rice puddings, sweet rice porridges usually made with milk
*buckwheat porridge
**ground buckwheat grouts and butter in Russian ethnic areas and in the Caucasus region mixed with yoghurt
*quinoa porridge
**ground quinoa flakes mixed with cocoa or cinnamon. Quinoa has been classified a "supergrain" by the UN due to its high protein content.
*millet porridge
**oshifima or otjifima, a stiff pearl millet porridge is the staple food of northern Namibia.
**often seasoned with cumin and honey in the Middle East
**munchiro sayo is a part of Ainu cuisine (a native people of northern Japan)
*sorghum porridge
**Tolegi is a sorghum porridge eaten as a midday meal during the summer in New Guinea
**tuwo or ogi (Nigeria) — may also be made from maize
*rye porridge
**ruispuuro - Finland - traditional Finnish breakfast of rye grains.
*manna porridge
**mannapuuro - Finland - traditional Finnish dessert. Made with Semolina.

ee also

*kasha (Russian word for "porridge"; an important part of Russian cuisine)
*krentjebrij - a traditional Dutch porridge-like dessert
*Dalia, North Indian Breakfast item, primarily made of crushed (dulit) wheat grain boiled with water and preferably milk, considered easily digestible, nursing.Fact|date=January 2007
*Gofio made from roasted sweetcorn and other grains (e.g wheat, barley or oat). Gofio is still an important ingredient in Canary Islander cooking, and Canary Islander emigrants have spread its use to the Caribbean and all of Latin America. Gofio can be added to soups, stews, desserts, ice cream, sauces, and more.
*"Pease Porridge Hot," a children's nursery rhyme
*"The Three Bears", a children's story featuring porridge (also "Goldilocks and the Three Bears")
*Ready Brek - a popular British brand of instant shredded oat cereal
*Instant Quaker Oatmeal


* [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2005/01/05/FDGCPAJ6AM1.DTL&type=printable Morning comfort - From Irish oatmeal to Chinese congee to Mexican champurrado, every cuisine offers steaming bowls of cereal to stave off winter's chill]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • porridge — [ pɔridʒ ] n. m. • 1852; parache 1738; mot angl., corrupt. du fr. potage ♦ Bouillie de flocons d avoine. Le « porridge qu on lui donnait le matin » (Aragon). ● porridge nom masculin (anglais porridge) Bouillie de flocons d avoine servie sucrée.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Porridge — mit Milch Porridge ist in der ursprünglichen englischen Bedeutung ein Getreidebrei (Grütze), der aus jedem Getreide zubereitet werden kann. Heute handelt es sich dabei aber fast immer um einen Haferbrei auf der Basis von Haferflocken oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • porridge — PÓRRIDGE s.n. Mâncare specifică bucătăriei engleze, preparată din fulgi de ovăz sau de porumb. [pr.: pórigi] – cuv. engl. Trimis de oprocopiuc, 03.04.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  PORRIDGE s.n. Preparat culinar din făină de ovăz sau alte crupe de cereale …   Dicționar Român

  • Porridge — Por ridge, n. [Probably corrupted fr. pottage; perh. influenced by OE. porree a kind of pottage, OF. porr[ e]e, fr. L. porrum, porrus, leek. See {Pottage}, and cf. {Porringer}.] A food made by boiling some leguminous or farinaceous substance, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Porridge — [Wichtig (Rating 3200 5600)] Auch: • Haferbrei Bsp.: • Das englische Frühstück beinhaltet Porridge …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Porridge — (spr. ĭdsch), Brei aus Hafermehl, in Schottland Nationalgericht …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • porridge — 1530s, soup of meat and vegetables, alteration of pottage, influenced by M.E. porreie, from O.Fr. poree leek soup, from por leek, from L. porrum leek. Association with oatmeal is 1640s, first in Scottish …   Etymology dictionary

  • porridge — ► NOUN 1) a dish consisting of oatmeal or another cereal boiled with water or milk. 2) Brit. informal time spent in prison. ORIGIN alteration of POTTAGE(Cf. ↑pottage) …   English terms dictionary

  • porridge — [pôr′ij, pär′ij] n. [altered < POTTAGE by confusion with ME porrey < OFr poree < VL porrata, leek broth < L porrum, leek, akin to Gr prason, leek] 1. Obs. pottage 2. [Chiefly Brit.] a soft food made of cereal or meal boiled in water… …   English World dictionary

  • porridge — n. (esp. BE) 1) to cook, make porridge 2) (misc.) a bowl of porridge; (BE; slang) to do porridge ( to spend time in prison ) * * * [ pɒrɪdʒ] make porridge (BE; slang) to do porridge ( to spend time in prison ) (esp. BE) to cook (misc.) a bowl of… …   Combinatory dictionary

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