- Kinaray-a language
Iloiloand Antique provinces, western Panay
script=Latin (Filipino variant)
Regional languagein the Philippines
Kinaray-a is an Austronesian language spoken mainly in
Antique Provincein the Philippines. It is also spoken in Iloilo province and certain villages in Mindanao that trace their roots to Antique Province or Kinaray-a speaking areas of Iloilo Province. Kinaray-a came from the word "iraya" equivalent to "ilaya" in Tagalog, which refers to a group of people residing in the mountain areas of the province. While groups of people residing near the river delta are referred to as "ilawod" from the Hiligaynonword "lawod", which refers to a large body of water (sea, ocean, lake, or strait). However, Kinaray-a does not necessarily refers to the way or language spoken by the highlanders of Panay Island. Speakers of this language are called, " Karay-a."
Kinaray-a is also spoken in most parts of
Iloilotogether with Hiligaynon. Most towns of Iloilo speak Kinaray-a while Hiligaynon is mostly spoken in the city area. Due to regional proximity, media and television stations, Kinaray-a speakers can understand Hiligaynon speakers. However, only Hiligaynon speakers who reside in Kinaray-a speaking areas can understand the language. Those who come from other areas, like Negros, have difficulty in understanding the language, if they can at all.
It belongs to the Visayan language family.
There has not been any actual study on the dialects of Kinaray-a. Speakers both of Kinaray-a and Hiligaynon would however admit to hearing the differences in the ways by which Kinaray-a speakers from different towns speak. Differences in vocabulary can also observed between and among the dialects.
The differences and the degrees by which the dialects differ from each other depend largely on the area's proximity to another different language-speaking area. Thus, in Antique, there are, on the northern parts, varieties that are similar to Aklanon, the language of Aklan, its neighbor on the north. On the south, in Iloilo towns in the other hand, the dialects closely resemble that of the standard Kinaray-a spoken in San Jose de Buenavista, lowland Sibalom and Hamtic.
Some dialects differ only on consonant preference like y vs h. e.g. bayi/bahi (girl). Some have distinct differences like sayəd/kadə (ugly) and rangga/gəba (defective).
E (uncommon - mostly "I" below)
O (uncommon - mostly "U" below)
The vowels E and O are used mostly in non-Kinaray-a words. The "E" and "O" sounds from the same words in other (mostly Non-Visayan) Filipino languages are often pronounced as "I" and "U" respectively. "U" is sometimes interchanged with "Ə" (like the kinaray-a word for river - some say "suBA", others say "səBA".
Saying "Diin kaw maagto?" (Literally, Where are you going?) is common way to greet people. You don't need to answer the question directly. The usual answer is an action like "Maninda." (Literally, To buy something on the market.) instead of "Sa tinda." (Literally, To the market.)
* Are you eating well? - Mayad man panga-ən mo?
* Good. - Mayad.
* How are you feeling? - Ano bay pamatyag mo?
* I don't know. - Wara takən kamaan. (Or simply: Maan a.)
* Let's go! - Panaw/Halin ta rən!
* Come together. - Iririmaw kita.
* Why? - Nagâ haw?
* What is your name? - Ano ngaran mo?
* Good morning! - Mayad nga aga!
* Good afternoon! - Mayad nga hapon!
* Good evening! - Mayad nga gab-i!
* That one. - Amo kara. (Or simply: Ra.)
* How much? - Tag pira?
* Yes. - Huəd.
* Because. - Banggəd.
* Because of you. - Banggəd kanimo.
* About you. - Tunggəd kanimo.
* You know. - Man-an mo.
* Hurry! - Dasig!
* Again. - Liwan.
* Do you speak English? - Kama-an kaw maghambal kang Inglis?
* It is fun to live. - Sadya mabuhi.
* [http://www.bansa.org/?q=dictionaries/cmd&dict_lang=Kinaraya Bansa.org Kinaray-a Dictionary]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.