- S. T. Joshi
Sunand Tryambak Joshi (b.
22 June 1958in Pune, India) is an Indian American literary critic, and a leading figure in the study of Howard Phillips Lovecraft and other authorsof weird and fantastic fiction. Besides having written what some criticswho consider to be the definitive biographyof Lovecraft ("", 1996), Joshi has written about Ambrose Bierce, H. L. Mencken, Lord Dunsany, Algernon Blackwoodand M.R. James, and has edited collections of their works.
literary criticismis notable for its emphases upon readability and the dominant worldviews of the authors in question; his "The Weird Tale" looks at six acknowledged masters of horror and fantasy(namely Arthur Machen, Algernon Blackwood, Dunsany, M. R. James, Bierce and Lovecraft), and discusses their respective worldviews in depth and with authority. A follow-up volume, "The Modern Weird Tale", examines the work of modern writers, including Shirley Jackson, Ramsey Campbell, Stephen King, Robert Aickman, Thomas Ligotti, T. E. D. Kleinand others, from a similar philosophically oriented viewpoint. "The Evolution of the Weird Tale" (2004) includes essays on Dennis Etchison, L. P. Hartley, Les Daniels, E. F. Benson, Rudyard Kipling, David J. Schow, Robert Bloch, L. P. Davies, Edward Lucas White, Rod Serling, Poppy Z. Briteand others.
Joshi is the editor of the small-press literary journals "Lovecraft Studies" and "Studies in Weird Fiction", published by
Necronomicon Press, and of "Studies in the Fantastic", published by the University of TampaPress. He is also the editor of "Lovecraft Annual" and co-editor of "Dead Reckonings", both small-press journals published by Hippocampus Press.
At the time of writing, Joshi is working towards the publication of the collected poetry of
Clark Ashton Smithand George Sterling, and Lovecraft’s "Collected Essays".
In addition to literary criticism, Joshi has also edited books on
atheismand social relations, including "Documents of American Prejudice" (1999), an annotated collection of American racistwritings; "In Her Place" (2006), which collects written examples of prejudice against women; and "Atheism: A Reader" (2000), which collects atheistic writings by such people as Antony Flew, George Eliot, Bertrand Russell, Emma Goldman, Gore Vidaland Carl Sagan, among others. An "Agnostic Reader", collecting pieces by such writers as Isaac Asimov, John William Draper, Albert Einstein, Frederic Harrison, Thomas Henry Huxley, Robert Ingersoll, Corliss Lamont, Arthur Schopenhauerand Edward Westermarck, was published in 2007.
Joshi is also the author of "God's Defenders: What They Believe and Why They Are Wrong" (2003), an anti-religious polemic against various writers including
C. S. Lewis, G. K. Chesterton, T. S. Eliot, William F. Buckley, Jr., William James, Stephen L. Carter, Annie Dillard, Reynolds Price, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Guenter Lewy, Neale Donald Walschand Jerry Falwell, which is dedicated to theologian and fellow Lovecraft critic Robert M. Price.
In 2006 he published "The Angry Right: Why Conservatives Keep Getting It Wrong", which criticised the political writings of such commentators as
William F. Buckley, Jr., Russell Kirk, David and Rush Limbaugh, Ann Coulter, Phyllis Schlafly, William Bennett, Gertrude Himmelfarband Irving and William Kristol, arguing that, despite the efforts of right-wing polemicists, the values of the American people have become steadily more liberal over time.
Joshi, who lives with his wife in
Moravia, New York, has stated on his [http://www.stjoshi.net website] that his most noteworthy achievements thus far have been his biography of Lovecraft, and "The Weird Tale,".
*"H. P. Lovecraft and Lovecraft Criticism: An Annotated Bibliography" (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1981).
*"H. P. Lovecraft" (Starmont Reader's Guide 13) (Mercer Island, WA: Starmont House, 1982).
*"The Weird Tale" (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990).
John Dickson Carr: A Critical Study" (Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1990).
*"H. P. Lovecraft: The Decline of the West" (Mercer Island, WA: Starmont House, 1990).
*"Lord Dunsany: A Bibliography" (with
Darrell Schweitzer) (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1993).
*"Lord Dunsany: Master of the Anglo-Irish Imagination" (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995).
*"The Core of
Ramsey Campbell: A Bibliography & Reader's Guide" (with Ramsey Campbell and Stefan Dziemianowicz) (West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press, 1995).
*"" (West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press, 1996).
*"A Subtler Magick The Writings and Philosophy of H. P. Lovecraft." (Wildside Press, December 1996).
Sixty Years of Arkham House: A History and Bibliography" ( Arkham House, 1999)
*"The Modern Weird Tale" (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, [March] 2001).
*"Ramsey Campbell and Modern Horror Fiction" (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, [June] 2001).
*"God's Defenders: What They Believe and Why They Are Wrong" (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, [June] 2003).
*"Primal Sources: Essays on H. P. Lovecraft" (New York: Hippocampus Press, 2003).
*"The Evolution of the Weird Tale" (New York: Hippocampus Press, 2004).
*"Supernatural Literature of the World: An Encyclopaedia" (with Stefan Dziemianowicz) (2005)
*"The Angry Right: Why Conservatives Keep Getting It Wrong" (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2006).
International Horror Guild Awardfor Best Non-Fiction Work 2005 for "Supernatural Literature of the World" [http://www.ihgonline.org/prevrec.html]
*"H. P. Lovecraft in "The Eyrie" (with
Marc A. Michaud(1979).
*"H. P. Lovecraft: Four Decades of Criticism" (1980).
*"The Private Life of H. P. Lovecraft" by Sonia H. Davis (1985).
*"Collected Poems" by
*"An Epicure in the Terrible: A Centennial Anthology of Essays in Honour of H. P. Lovecraft" (with David E. Schultz) (1991).
*"The Count of Thirty: A Tribute to Ramsey Campbell" (1993).
*"H. P. Lovecraft in the Argosy" (1994).
*"Caverns Measureless to Man: 18 Memoirs of Lovecraft" (1996).
*"Best Ghost Stories" by
Bram Stoker(with Richard Dalbyand Stefan Dziemianowicz) (1997).
*"A Night with Mephistopheles" by
*"The Complete John Silence Stories" by
Algernon Blackwood(Dover Books, 1998).
*"A Sole Survivor: Bits of Autobiography" by Ambrose Bierce (with David E. Schultz) (1998).
*"Documents of American Prejudice" (edited) (New York: Basic Books, 1999).
*"Great Weird Tales" (Dover Books, 1999).
*"Collected Fables" by Ambrose Bierce (2000).
*"Civil War Memories" (2000).
*"The Horror on the Stair and Other Weird Tales" by
Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch(2000).
*"The Monster Maker and Other Stories" by
W. C. Morrow(with Stefan Dziemianowicz) (2000).
*"The Unabridged Devil's Dictionary" by Ambrose Bierce (with David E. Schultz) (2000).
*"The Yellow Sign and Other Stories" by
Robert W. Chambers(2000).
*"Atheism: A Reader" (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, [October] 2000).
*"The Fall of the Republic and Other Political Satires" by Ambrose Bierce (with David E. Schultz) (2000).
*"The Mark of the Beast and Other Horror Tales" by
Rudyard Kipling(Dover Books, 2000).
*"From Baltimore to Bohemia: The Letters of H. L. Mencken and George Sterling" (2001).
*"The Three Impostors and Other Stories" by Arthur Machen (2001).
*"The Return of the Soul and Other Stories" by Robert S. Hichens (2001).
*"The Black Diamonds" by Clark Ashton Smith (2002).
*"Great Tales of Terror" (Dover Books, 2002).
*"H. L. Mencken on American Literature" (2002).
*"Ancient Sorceries and Other Weird Stories" by Algernon Blackwood (2002).
*"H. L. Mencken on Religion" (2002).
*"Eyes of the God" by
R. H. Barlow(with Douglas A. Anderson and David E. Schultz) (2002).
*"Ramsey Campbell, Probably" by Ramsey Campbell (2002).
*"The Place Called Dagon" by
Herbert S. Gorman(2003).
*"A Much Misunderstood Man: Selected Letters" by Ambrose Bierce (with David E. Schultz) (2003).
*"The Thirst of Satan: Poems of Fantasy and Terror" by George Sterling (2003).
*"The Pleasures of a Futuroscope" by Lord Dunsany (2003).
*"The White People and Other Stories" by Arthur Machen (2003).
*"Mencken's America" by H. L. Mencken (2004)
*"The Complete Jorkens" (3 volumes) by Lord Dunsany (2004).
*"In the Land of Time and Other Fantasy Tales" by Lord Dunsany (2004).
*"The Yellow Sign and Other Stories: The Complete Weird Tales of
Robert W. Chambers" (2004).
*"The Dreams in the Witch House and Other Weird Stories" by H. P. Lovecraft (2005).
*"The Terror and Other Tales" by Arthur Machen (2005).
*"Count Magnus and Other Ghost Stories" by M. R. James (2006).
*"The Haunted Doll's House and Other Ghost Stories" by M. R. James (2006).
*"In Her Place: A Documentary History of Prejudice Against Women" (2006).
*"H. P. Lovecraft Collected Essays" Volumes 1-5 (2004-2006).
*"Warnings to the Curious: A Sheaf of Criticism on M. R. James" (with Rosemary Pardoe, 2007).
*"The Agnostic Reader" (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2007).
*"American Supernatural Tales" (Penguin Books, 2007).
*"Essential Solitude: The Letters of H. P. Lovecraft and
August Derleth" (2 volumes) (with David E. Schultz, 2008).
*"Lovecraft: A Study in the Fantastic" by Maurice Lévy (1988).
* [http://www.radio4all.net/proginfo.php?id=3667 "Lurking Terror: H. P. Lovecraft's Socialism"] - Interview with Dr.
James Hughes(Changesurfer Radio)
* [http://www.yog-sothoth.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=464 "YOG RADIO #29: Interview with S.T. Joshi"] - Audio interview with
* [http://www.stjoshi.net Official S. T. Joshi Website]
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