- Hooded Seedeater
name = Hooded Seedeater
status = CR
status_system = IUCN3.1
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
genus = "
species = "S. melanops "
binomial = "Sporophila melanops"
binomial_authority = (Pelzeln, 1870)The Hooded Seedeater ("Sporophila melanops") is a mysterious bird from
Brazilfrom the genus of typical seedeaters ("Sporophila"). It is only known by the male holotypefrom 1823.
This has a length of eleven centimetres and is so oddly patterned that some scientists regard it variously as either a hybrid or an anormal specimen of the
Yellow-bellied Seedeater("Sporophila nigricollis"). The bird had a black crest and throat. The upperparts are olive. The underparts show a dingy buff. In contrast, the Yellow-bellied Seedeater has pale yellow underparts and the black coloring extends to the upperbreast.
It is considered possibly
extinctby BirdLife International(listed by the IUCNas critically endangered), however it is not excluded that it could still exist because its habitat alongside the Rio Araguaiain the extreme west-central Goiás, Brazilis still poorly surveyed and undisturbed.
The only known individual was caught in October 1823 from a flock of other seedeater species at the edge of a lake 15 kilometres north of Registro do Araguaia. It was heavily moulted. It was first described by Austrian ornithologist
August von Pelzelnin 1870.
* [http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=9539&m=0 Birdlife Species Factsheet.]
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