name = Seedeaters

image_width = 240px
image_caption = Male Variable Seedeater, "Sporophila corvina"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Thraupidae ("partim")
subdivision_ranks = genera
subdivision = "Acanthidops"
and see text

The seedeaters and their relatives are a group of passerine birds formerly placed in the bunting family Emberizidae. They are now known to be tanagers closely related to Darwins finches. Fact|date=December 2007 Indeed, some seedeaters are closer to these, while the more "true" seedeaters form a clade with certain tanagers. A few "atypical" seedeaters are closely related to a number of tanagers, many of which (such as the flowerpiercers) have peculiarly adapted bills.

They are seed-eating Central and South American birds with a distinctively conical bill.

Genera and species

True seedeaters

Genus "Sporophila" - typical seedeaters
* Buffy-fronted Seedeater, "Sporophila frontalis"
* Temminck's Seedeater, "Sporophila falcirostris"
* Slate-colored Seedeater, "Sporophila schistacea"
* Plumbeous Seedeater, "Sporophila plumbea"
* Caqueta Seedeater, "Sporophila murallae"
* Gray Seedeater, "Sporophila intermedia"
* Wing-barred Seedeater, "Sporophila americana"
* Variable Seedeater, "Sporophila corvina"
* White-collared Seedeater, "Sporophila torqueola"
* Rusty-collared Seedeater, "Sporophila collaris"
* Lesson's Seedeater, "Sporophila bouvronides"
* Lined Seedeater, "Sporophila lineola"
* Black-and-white Seedeater, "Sporophila luctuosa"
* Yellow-bellied Seedeater, "Sporophila nigricollis"
* Dubois' Seedeater, "Sporophila ardesiaca" - possibly a subspecies of "S. nigricollis".
* Hooded Seedeater, "Sporophila melanops" - possibly extinct (20th century?)
* Double-collared Seedeater, "Sporophila caerulescens"
* White-throated Seedeater, "Sporophila albogularis"
* Drab Seedeater, "Sporophila simplex"
* White-bellied Seedeater, "Sporophila leucoptera"
* Parrot-billed Seedeater, "Sporophila peruviana"
* Black-and-tawny Seedeater, "Sporophila nigrorufa"
* Capped Seedeater, "Sporophila bouvreuil"
* Ruddy-breasted Seedeater, "Sporophila minuta"
* Tawny-bellied Seedeater, "Sporophila hypoxantha"
* Dark-throated Seedeater, "Sporophila ruficollis"
* Marsh Seedeater, "Sporophila palustris"
* Chestnut-bellied Seedeater, "Sporophila castaneiventris"
* Gray-and-chestnut Seedeater, "Sporophila hypochroma"
* Chestnut Seedeater, "Sporophila cinnamomea"
* Narosky's Seedeater, "Sporophila zelichi"
* Black-bellied Seedeater, "Sporophila melanogaster"
* Chestnut-throated Seedeater, "Sporophila telasco" - the "Tumaco Seedeater" is a stereotyped hybrid between this species and "S. minuta"

Genus "Oryzoborus" - sometimes included in "Sporophila"
* Nicaraguan Seed Finch, "Oryzoborus nuttingi"
* Large-billed Seed Finch, "Oryzoborus crassirostris"
* Black-billed Seed Finch, "Oryzoborus atrirostris"
* Great-billed Seed Finch, "Oryzoborus maximiliani"
* Lesser Seed Finch, "Oryzoborus angolensis"
** Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch, "Oryzoborus (angolensis) angolensis"
** Thick-billed Seed Finch, "Oryzoborus (angolensis) funereus"

Genus "Dolospingus"
* White-naped Seedeater, "Dolospingus fringilloides"

Genus "Amaurospiza" - tentatively placed here
* Blackish-blue Seedeater, "Amaurospiza moesta"
* Blue Seedeater, "Amaurospiza concolor"
* Slate-blue Seedeater, "Amaurospiza relicta"
* Carrizal Seedeater, "Amaurospiza carrizalensis"

Related to Darwin's finches

Genus "Melopyrrha"
* Cuban Bullfinch, "Melopyrrha nigra"

Genus "Tiaris" - grassquits
* Dull-colored Grassquit, "Tiaris obscura"
* Cuban Grassquit, "Tiaris canora"
* Yellow-faced Grassquit, "Tiaris olivacea"
* Black-faced Grassquit, "Tiaris bicolor"
* Sooty Grassquit, "Tiaris fuliginosa"

Genus "Loxipasser"
* Yellow-shouldered Grassquit, "Loxipasser anoxanthus"

Genus "Euneornis"
* Orangequit, "Euneornis campestris"

Genus "Melanospiza"
* St. Lucia Black Finch, "Melanospiza richardsoni"

Genus "Loxigilla" - Antillean bullfinches
* Puerto Rican Bullfinch, "Loxigilla portoricensis"
**Saint Kitts Bullfinch, "Loxigilla portoricensis grandis" - extinct (1930)
* Greater Antillean Bullfinch, "Loxigilla violacea"
* Lesser Antillean Bullfinch, "Loxigilla noctis"

Atypical seedeaters

Genus "Catamenia" (3 species)

Genus "Haplospiza"
* Slaty Finch, "Haplospiza rustica"
* Uniform Finch, "Haplospiza unicolor"

Genus "Acanthidops" - Peg-billed Finch

Relatives of true seedeaters

These tanagers are the true seedeaters' closest relatives.

Genus "Charitospiza"
* Coal-crested Finch, "Charitospiza eucosma"

Genus "Volatinia" - Blue-black Grassquit

Genus "Lophospingus
* Black-crested Finch, "Lophospingus pusillus"
* Gray-crested Finch, "Lophospingus griseocristatus"

Genus "Sicalis" - yellow-finches
* Puna Yellow-finch, "Sicalis lutea"
* Saffron Finch, "Sicalis flaveola"
* Grassland Yellow-finch, "Sicalis luteola"
* Stripe-tailed Yellow-finch, "Sicalis citrina"
* Bright-rumped Yellow-finch, "Sicalis uropygialis"
* Citron-headed Yellow-finch, "Sicalis luteocephala"
* Greater Yellow-finch, "Sicalis auriventris"
* Greenish Yellow-finch, "Sicalis olivascens"
* Patagonian Yellow-finch, "Sicalis lebruni"
* Orange-fronted Yellow-finch, "Sicalis columbiana"
* Raimondi's Yellow-finch, "Sicalis raimondii"
* Sulphur-throated Finch, "Sicalis taczanowskii"

External links

* [ Seedeater videos] on the Internet Bird Collection

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • seedeater — /seed ee teuhr/, n. any of numerous small, tropical American finches, esp. of the genus Sporophila. [1875 80; SEED + EAT + ER1] * * * ▪ bird  broadly, any songbird that lives chiefly on seeds and typically has a more or less strong conical bill… …   Universalium

  • seedeater — svilikėliai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Serinus angl. canary; seedeater vok. Girlitz, m rus. канареечный вьюрок, m pranc. serin, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – čivyliai siauresnis terminas – abisininis svilikėlis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • seedeater — noun Date: circa 1879 a bird (as a finch) whose diet consists basically of seeds …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • seedeater — noun a) An individual or species which eats seeds Many omnivores and vegetarians are part time seedeaters b) A bird species which feeds mainly on seeds Most seedeaters have strong, typically shaped bills Syn …   Wiktionary

  • seedeater — ˈ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ noun Etymology: seed (I) + eater : any of various birds and especially finches whose diet consists basically of seeds : hard bill: as a. : any of several southern African finches that resemble and were formerly classified with the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Variable Seedeater — Taxobox name = Variable Seedeater image width = 240px image caption = A male from near Panama City, Panama. status = LC status system = iucn3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Thraupidae genus =… …   Wikipedia

  • Marsh Seedeater — Male Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • White-collared Seedeater — Conservation status Least Concern ( …   Wikipedia

  • Wing-barred Seedeater — Taxobox name = Wing barred Seedeater image width = 240px image caption = status = LC status system = iucn3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Thraupidae genus = Sporophila species = S. americana… …   Wikipedia

  • Hooded Seedeater — Taxobox name = Hooded Seedeater status = CR status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Thraupidae genus = Sporophila species = S. melanops binomial = Sporophila melanops binomial… …   Wikipedia

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