Madan, Bulgaria

Madan, Bulgaria

Infobox Settlement
official_name = PAGENAME
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = BUL
subdivision_type1 = Provinces
(Oblast)
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3
map_caption = Location of Madan, Bulgaria
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Madan, Bulgaria
pushpin_mapsize =
leader_title =Mayor
postal_code_type =Postal Code
|subdivision_name1=Smolyan
population_total=6914|population_footnotes=
population_as_of=2005-09-13
elevation_m=851
postal_code=4900
area_code=0308
latd=41|latm=30|lats=|latNS=N|longd=24|longm=57|longs=|longEW=E|leader_name=Atanas Ivanov

Madan ( _bg. Мадан) is a town with a population of 6,914, situated in the very south of Bulgaria in the Yellow Share of the Rhodope Mountains, in Smolyan Province.

Geography

Madan is a part of Ardino Ridge, sloping down to the northeast between the rivers Arda and Varbitsa. In the central part of the Yellow Share rise the peaks Buchovitsa (1404 m), Veternitsa (1372 m) and Petrovitsa (1309 m).

The end of the ridge is Alada Peak (1241 m). From all sides the Yellow Share is separated by mountain-spurs, whose segmentations gradually slope down and vanish into the valleys of the rivers. The river system of the region is presented by the basins of the upper reaches of some of the longer rivers – to the north the basin of the Arda River with the headers Elhovska and Chepinska Rivers.

History and population

Madan is an ancient ore-miners' settlement, the extraction of lead ore having begun around 5th-4th century BC.

The most part of the town's population consists of local Muslim Bulgarians due to the Ottoman invasion of the late 14th century. Eastern Orthodox Bulgarians are a minority that mostly settled in the region before the revolution of 1989 to work in the mines. It is, however, important to note that Madan was fully integrated in the first and second Bulgarian empires long before the arrival of the Ottomans to this part of the Balkans.

Honour

Madan Saddle on Smith Island, South Shetland Islands is named after Madan.

External links

* [http://www.pbase.com/ngruev/madan Pictures from Madan]


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