Shakuhachi musical notation

Shakuhachi musical notation

Shakuhachi musical notation refers to the systems of transcribing playing instructions for shakuhachi music. The shakuhachi in Japan dates back to approximately 700 AD, though similar predecessor bamboo flutes from China and Korea can be dated to ancient times.

In addition to a strong verbal tradition of passing pieces down from teacher to student, the shakuhachi developed its own style of musical transcription necessary to write down the emphasized aspects of shakuhachi music. In contrast to Western staff notation, shakuhachi playing instructions commonly emphasize multiple timbres for a given pitch, microtonal slides between semitones, effects and modifications to a sustained tone, and specialized breathing techniques.

Some shakuhachi music, such as solo honkyoku ("original pieces"), is not strictly metered, but offers only suggestions for timing, breathing, and silence between phrases.

Modern shakuhachi music can be, and sometimes is, written using staff notation, especially during collaboration between shakuhachi and Western instruments.

Schools of notation

* Kinko-ryu
* Tozan-ryu
* Chikuho-ryu

References

* cite book
last = Mayers (editor)
first = Dan E.
title = The Annals of The International Shakuhachi Society, Volume I

* cite book
last = Mayers (editor)
first = Dan E.
title = The Annals of The International Shakuhachi Society, Volume II
date = 2005
isbn = 0-9711625-1-4

* cite journal
last = Berger
first = Donald Paul
title = The Shakuhachi and the Kinko Ryu Notation
journal = Asian Music
volume = 1
issue = 2
pages = 32–72
date = Autumn, 1969
publisher = Springer
doi = 10.2307/833910
url = http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0044-9202(196923)1%3A2%3C32%3ATSATKR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-J
month = Nov
year = 1969

* cite journal
last = Lee
first = Riley Kelly
title = Fu Ho U vs. Do Re Mi: The Technology of Notation Systems and Implications of Change in the Shakuhachi Tradition of Japan
journal = Asian Music
volume = 19
issue = 2
pages = 71–81
date = Spring-Summer, 1988
publisher = Springer
doi = 10.2307/833867
url = http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0044-9202(198821%2F22)19%3A2%3C71%3AFHUVDR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-D

External links

* [http://www.rileylee.net/shaku_notation.html Examples of Chikuho-ryu notation]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Musical notation — Music markup redirects here. For the XML application, see Music Markup Language. Hand written musical notation by J. S. Bach: beginning of the Prelude from the Suite for Lute in G minor BWV 995 (transcription of Cello Suite No. 5, BWV 1011) BR… …   Wikipedia

  • Shakuhachi — flute, blowing edge up.Left top view, four holes.Right bottom view, fifth hole.The nihongo|shakuhachi|尺八 (しゃくはち)|extra=IPA2|ɕakɯhatɕi is a Japanese end blown flute. Its name means 1.8 feet , referring to its size. It is traditionally made of… …   Wikipedia

  • Meter (music) — Musical and lyric metre. See also: Hymn meter and Poetic meter. Meter or metre is a term that music has inherited from the rhythmic element of poetry (Scholes 1977; Latham 2002) where it means the number of lines in a verse, the number of… …   Wikipedia

  • arts, East Asian — Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature.       Some studies of East Asia… …   Universalium

  • Music — For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). Music …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Youngs — Born 29 May 1966(1966 05 29) Origin Cambridge, England, United Kingdom [1] Genres Experimental …   Wikipedia

  • Horizontal and vertical writing in East Asian scripts — Many East Asian scripts can be written horizontally or vertically. The Chinese, Japanese and Korean scripts can be oriented in either direction, while the traditional Mongolian script and its offshoots (like Manchu) are written vertically.In… …   Wikipedia

  • Tōru Takemitsu — nihongo|Tōru Takemitsu|武満 徹|Takemitsu Tōru|October 8, 1930 ndash; February 20, 1996 was a Japanese composer and writer on aesthetics and music theory. Though largely self taught, Takemitsu is recognised for his skill in the subtle manipulation of …   Wikipedia

  • MUSICALES (TRADITIONS) - Musiques d’inspiration chinoise — Du point de vue géographique, l’Extrême Orient, pris dans son sens restrictif, désigne l’ensemble des pays d’Asie orientale (Chine, Japon, Corée, Mongolie). En général, ce terme couvre toutes les régions précitées et le Sud Est asiatique:… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rhythm — For other uses, see Rhythm (disambiguation). Rhythm, a sequence in time repeated, featured in dance: an early moving picture demonstrates the waltz …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”