- HMS Matabele (F26)
HMS "Matabele" was a Tribal-class
destroyerof the Royal Navythat saw service in World War II, being sunk by a U-boaton 17 January, 1942. She has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name "Matabele", which in common with the other ships of the Tribal class, was named after an ethnic group of the British Empire. In this case, this was the Anglicisation of the Ndebele people of Zimbabwe.
Construction and commissioning
"Matabele" was ordered on 19 June 1936 under the 1935 Build Programme from the
Greenockyards of Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company. She was laid down on 1 October 1936 and launched on 6 October 1937. Also launched on this day from Scotts' yard was "Matabele"’s sister, HMS "Punjabi". She was commissioned on 25 January 1939 at a total cost of £343,005, which excluded items supplied by the Admiralty, such as weapons and communications outfits. She was initially assigned to the 2nd Tribal Destroyer Flotilla of the Home Fleet, which was renamed the 6th Destroyer Flotilla in April 1939.
Her early career with the flotilla mostly involved port visits and exercises. On 12 May she escorted the RMS "Empress of Australia" through the
English Channel. The "Empress of Australia" was carrying HM King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on their Royal Tour to Canada. In June "Matabele" was assigned to assist in rescue operations for HMS "Thetis" which had sunk during builder's trials in Liverpool Bay. On her release from these duties, "Matabele" resumed her Home Fleet programme with the Flotilla. With war looming, she took up her Home Fleet war station in August, and was deployed for interception and anti-submarine patrol in Home waters.
On the outbreak of the
Second World War, "Matabele" carried out duties including the interception of German shipping attempting to return to German ports and commerce raiders on passage to attack British shipping in the Atlantic Ocean, as well as patrols to intercept U-Boats operating in Home waters. On 25 September she was deployed with HMS "Somali" and HMS "Mashona" to search for the submarineHMS "Spearfish", which had been badly damaged during a patrol in Heligoland Bight. Having successfully made contact with "Spearfish" on 26 September, they escorted her back to the UK under the cover of major warships of the Home Fleet.
Through October to December, "Matabele" carried out patrols to intercept German ships on passage for attacks on coastal shipping, as well as heading into the Atlantic Ocean for attacks on convoys or for submarine
minelayers. She also carried out screening duties for major Home Fleet warships. In January and February 1940 she was under repair at HMNB Devonportfor work which included the replacement of turbine blades, damaged due to excess stress during high speed steaming in inclement weather, and the installation of de-gaussingequipment for protection against magnetic mines. She returned to active service in March, and took part in convoy escorts to and from Norway, as well as sweeps to intercept German warships. Whilst carrying out these duties, "Matabele" came under heavy air attacks on 13 April, and again on 16 April, but escaped undamaged. On 17 April she escorted the cruisers HMS "Effingham" and HMS "Coventry" to Bodø. On 18 April she ran aground on Foksen shoal, but managed to re-float with damage to her structure. "Effingham" also ran aground, but suffered serious damage. "Matabele" took off troops and equipment from the stricken cruiser, after which "Matabele" scuttled "Effingam" with torpedoes and gunfire.
She continued supporting operations off Norway , and then returned to the UK at the end of May for repairs and a refit at Falmouth. This work lasted until July and involved the replacement of her twin 4.7 inch mounting in “X” position aft with a twin 4 inch HA mounting to improve her defence against air attacks. She returned to active service after post refit trials on 19 August. She continued to serve in Home waters and off Norway. On 4 October she and HMS "Punjabi" sank the German
weather shipWBS 5 / "Adolf Vinnen" off Stadlandet and on 22 October she and HMS "Somali" attacked a convoy off Åndalsnes. "Matabele" sank a coaster. November and December were spent operating out of Scapa Flow, including forming part of a screen for the search for the German pocket battleship "Admiral Scheer" which had been reported on passage to attack the Atlantic convoys. In January 1941 she screened minelaying operations off Norway and on 16 January she escorted HMS "King George V", then on passage to the United Statescarrying Lord Halifax and senior defence personnel, through the North Western Approaches. Further screening of minelaying operations followed. In March she began to escort convoys, but entered refit again in Vickers-Armstrong's Barrow-in-Furnessyards on 11 April. This lasted until May and consisted of the removal of the mainmast and the top of the after funnel to improve the arcs of fire for her close range weapons. A Type 286M radarwas also fitted. On her departure from Barrow on 5 June to rejoin the fleet, she grounded and sustained major damage to her underwater fittings, including her shaft brackets and propellers. She returned to Barrow for repairs, which lasted until mid August.
On 30 August she was deployed with the aircraft carrier HMS "Argus", the cruiser HMS "Shopshire" and the destroyers HMS "Punjabi" and HMS "Somali" on a mission to deliver RAF equipment and personnel to North Russia to support Soviet military operations after the
Soviet Unionhad entered the war. The operation was completed successfully and the ships returned to Scapa Flow on 15 November. "Matabele" spent October to December on patrol, and screening operations off Norway.
In January 1942 she formed the screen, with HMS "Somali", for the cruiser HMS "Trinidad" on
Convoy PQ-8from Icelandto Murmansk. The convoy departed on 11 January, and came under torpedoattack on 16 January. On 17 January "Matabele" was hit by a torpedo from U 454 and sank almost immediately. Only two out her complement of 238 survived. Many who were able to leave the stricken ship succumbed in the ice-cold water before rescue was possible. The two survivors were picked up by the minesweeper HMS "Harrier".
* [http://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-10DD-34Tribal-Matabele.htm HMS Matabele's career]
* [http://www.uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/4432.html HMS Matabele at Uboat.net]
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