New World catbird

New World catbird

Taxobox
name = New World catbirds


image_caption = Gray Catbird
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Mimidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Dumetella"
"Melanoptila"

The New World catbirds are a group of passerine birds in the family Mimidae which also includes mockingbirds and thrashers.

These birds produce a wide variety of sounds including cat-like barks. They are generally found in brushy habitats.

The species are
* Gray Catbird ("Dumetella carolinensis"), a common bird in North America
* Black Catbird ("Melanoptila glabrirostris"), an uncommon bird in Central America

Among the Mimidae, these represent basal lineages probably closer to the Caribbean thrasher and trembler assemblage than to the mockingbirds and "Toxostoma" thrashers (Hunt "et al." 2001, Barber "et al." 2004).

Unrelated Catbirds

The New World catbirds are not to be confused with nor are related to the following four bird species of the family Ptilonorhynchidae (bowerbirds). These also make cat-like sounds:
*White-eared Catbird, "Ailuroedus buccoides"
*Spotted Catbird, "Ailuroedus melanotis"
*Green Catbird, "Ailuroedus crassirostris"
*Tooth-billed Catbird, "Scenopooetes dentirostris"

The Abyssinian Catbird ("Parophasma galinieri") is another unrelated bird (an Old World babbler) also named for its voice.

References

* Barber, Brian R.; Martínez-Gómez, Juan E. & Peterson, A. Townsend (2004): Systematic position of the Socorro mockingbird "Mimodes graysoni". "J. Avian Biol." 35: 195-198. doi|10.1111/j.0908-8857.2004.03233.x (HTML abstract)

* Hunt, Jeffrey S.; Bermingham, Eldredge; & Ricklefs, Robert E. (2001): Molecular systematics and biogeography of Antillean thrashers, tremblers, and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae). "Auk" 118(1): 35–55. DOI:10.1642/0004-8038(2001)118 [0035:MSABOA] 2.0.CO;2 [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3793/is_200101/ai_n8930531 HTML fulltext without images]


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