- Bus advertising
Buses and their related infrastructure is a medium commonly used by advertisers to reach the public with their message. Usually this takes the form of promoting commercial brands, but can also be used for public campain messages. Buses may also be used as part of a political or promotional campaign, or as a tool in a commercial enterprise.
Bus advertising descends from similar methods used on
streetcars in the early 20th century.
municipalitywill often sell the rights to place advertising on public property to a media provider. A client will ask for a board to promote its product or approve the recommendation of the advertiser. An advertiser then asks a media broker to arrange for the purchase. The broker coordinates with the advertiser and the provider and collects a commission. The provider keeps the difference between what it collects and the payments it makes to the government agency.
Adverts are placed in
bus shelters. These can be static posters, or back illuminated displays, or rolling displays allowing many messages on one shelter. Technology has also been used to create interactiveadverts.
Adverts may also be installed on associated street furnitrue such as the backs of benches at stops.
Often, the paper bus ticket is used as an advertising space. The ticket rolls for the
ticket machines are pre-printed on the rear with a particular companies advert.
A common location for adverts is inside the bus. Adverts are attached to the corners between the walls and ceiling overhead to catch the eye of passenegers, in the same manner as used in
Increasingly, companies are using interior
televisionsystems to advertise.
Adverts are often placed as basic rectangular motifs on the side or front of a bus. These may be applied directly to the bus. Additionally, adverts may be printed on placards known as boards, which are slotted into special guide fittings attached to the side of the bus.
Partial and full adverts
Occasionally, the entire surface of a bus is turned into an advertisement. This can be a whole side or rear of a bus, or a scheme applied to the entire exterior, known as an 'all-over advert' bus.
Some panel and full side and all-over adverts were traditionally
painted on if the length of application warranted it. This would require a reasonable longevity and cost implication for advertisers, due to the requirement to take buses out of service to apply and remove paint schemes. Frequently changed panel adverts would use replaceable boards.
With the advent of adhesive
vinyltechnologies, this allowed adverts to be rapidly applied and removed over the top of the buses exterior paint as decals, reducing the cost and time.
The introduction of perforated and directionally transparent vinyl sheets allowed the creation of more elaborate designs that could be applied over windows (although for safety reasons not the front window), moving away from the traditional square box design approach to adverts.
With the advent of partially transparent window coverage techniques, all over adverts have been applied as a full
vehicle advertising wrapwindows and all. The transition from screen printingto digital printinghas seen an increase in the clour range and complexity of advert designs.
Campaign and Promotion buses
In addition to
public transportbuses, all-over advert buses are often privately hired specifically for a special promotional use, such as a political campaignor specific product promotions. These will often make use of open top buses to allow the interaction of the campainers/promoters with the public.
Norwaythe use of wrap advertising on buses was prohibited by the road authorities. The reason behind the ban was that in an emergency the windows might need to serve as an emergency exitand that the advertising would make the window harder to break with the emergency hammer. Gaia Trafikkargued against the ban, pointing out that their tests showed that the thin wrap had no impact on the breakability of the window, but did remove the advertising which covered the windows. [ [http://www.dagbladet.no/nyheter/2001/07/05/267660.html Livsfarlig reklame] ("Life-threatening advertising") Dagbladet, July 5, 2001, retrieved April 17, 2007]
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