Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Bikaner| type = city | latd = 28.01 | longd = 73.19
locator_position = right | state_name = Rajasthan
district = Bikaner
altitude = 242
population_as_of = 2008
population_total = 723982| population_density = 1960
area_magnitude= sq. km
area_total = 270
area_telephone = +91 151
postal_code = 3340XX
Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of
Rajasthanin western India. The city is the administrative headquarters of Bikaner District. It was formerly the capital of the princely stateof Bikaner. The city was founded by Rao Bikain 1486 and from its small origins it has developed into the fourth largest city in Rajasthan. The Ganga Canalcompleted in 1928 and the Indira Gandhi Canalcompleted in 1987 have allowed the farming of crops such as mustard, cotton and wheat. Other industries include wool production and the mining of gypsum, plaster of Parisand bentonite.
Bikaner has four sub divisions( [tahsils] ):
History of Bikaner
Bikaner is located at coord|28.01|N|73.19|E| [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/24/Bikaner.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bikaner] ] . It has an average elevation of 243
metres (797 feet).
Being a prominent trade and tourist destination, Bikaner is connected to India's major cities via direct rail and road services. There is currently no passsenger air link to Bikaner.
Bikaner is connected to all India's major cities via broad gauge railway. The city has direct directly connections to
Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Guwahati, Jaipur, Surat, Jalandhar, Thiruvanathpuram, Chandigarh, Jammuand Ahmedabad.
Bikaner is well served with roads and is linked directly to Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Haridwar and many other cities .
Bikaner has a well equipped military airport at
Naland hopes to have a passenger airport in the near future.
Bikaner is situated in the middle of the
Thar desertwith very little rainfall and extreme temperatures. In summer, temperatures exceed 50 °C and during the winter it dips to freezing point.
Art & Culture
" and its sweets. Bikaneri Bhujia is a spicy snack made from moth dal, spices and edible oil. Bikaner is also known for its handicrafts and leather articles, for its palaces and for having Asia's biggest camel farm.
The city is also known for its intricately carved Jharokas. These red sandstone stone jalis (screens) are found on the windows of the Junagarh fort, temples and havelis (mansions of Northern India). Jalis would be used for ventilation and for women to watch the world while remaining hidden.
The red sandstone for these stone window screens was supplied by the nearby village of Dulmera.
Bikaner was and is the centre for Usta Art, a generic term for Art produced by Usta Masters. This generic term encompasses late-16th to early-20th Century techniques for paintings on paper and objects using translucent and opaque watercolors and a secondary technique incorporating embossed and unembossed gold patterns produced in the media of Naqqashi and Manoti, a proprietory Usta family art. The Usta family controlled the Bikaner Art School from the late-16th to late-19th Centuries producing such master artisans as Shah Muhammed and Nur Muhammed in the late-16th to early-17th Century, Rukn-ud-din, Nathu ji and Ahmed ji in the late-17th Century, Murad, Rehim ji I, Isa (Iso ji), and Sahab-ud-din in the mid-to-late 18th Century and Rehim ji II in the early-19th Century. The Usta family through the Bikaner School/tradition executed master works on paper, wood, stone panels, cloth, ceilings, glassware, and ivory, in the early-20th Century camel hide was added.
Recipients of NATIONAL AWARD
1. Hisamuddin Usta - 1967
2. Zaharuddin Usta - 1990
3. Muhammad Hanif Usta - 1991
Recipients of STATE AWARD
1. Zahiruddin Usta - 1984
2. Muhammad Asghar Usta - 1985
3. Muhammad Hanif Usta - 1988
4. Ajmal Hussain Usta - 1993
Fairs and festivals
*Kapil Muni fair
*Camel festival: each January the state government organises a camel festival with camel races, various cultural events and a fire dance performed by the
*Aksaye Tritya or "AKKHA TEEJ": the foundation day of Bikaner. This was the day when Rao Bika laid the foundation of the new empire. Every year on this day people from across the social spectrum enjoy themselves by flying kites or "CHANDA". They also enjoy a special meal, such as "Khichra and Imlani".
Attractions in Bikaner and nearby
The fort was built by Raja Rai Singh, the sixth ruler of Bikaner who reigned from 1571 to 1612. Rai Singh had conquered part of
Marwarand had been granted territory in Gujuratand Burhanpurby the Mughal emperor Akbaras a reward for his services as military commander. This, as well as funding from Jodhpur, enabled him to build the fort. Rai Singh held high rank in the imperial courts of both Akbarand his successor, Jehangir. During his imperial service he travelled extensively, giving him an appreciation of art and architecture. These ideas have been incorporated meticulously into the architectural style of Junagarh Fort. Laxmi Niwas Palace
Laxmi Niwas Palaceis a former residential palaceof the kingof the former Bikaner state, Maharajah Ganga Singhin Bikanerin the Indianstate of Rajasthan. It was designed by the British architect, Sir Samuel Swinton Jacobin the year 1902. The style of architecture is Indo-Saracenic. It is now a luxury hotelowned by Golden Triangle Fort & Palace P. Ltd. The magnificent structure in red sandstoneis one of the most popular destinations for tourists in Bikaner. [ [http://www.tripadvisor.com/Hotel_Review-g297666-d477943-Reviews-Laxmi_Niwas_Palace-Bikaner_Rajasthan.html Laxmi Niwas Palace (Bikaner, Rajasthan) - Hotel Reviews - TripAdvisor ] ]
Lalgarh Palacewas built between 1902 and 1926 according to Rajput, Mughal and European architectural styles. The building was commissioned by Maharaja Ganga Singh(1881 - 1942) in memory of his father Maharaja Lall Singhand was designed by the British architect, Sir Swinton Jacob. It is coated in red sandstone and has several grand halls, lounges, cupolasand pavilions. The building features magnificent pillars, elaborate fireplaces, Italian colonnades and intricate latticeworkand filigreework. The palace houses the Shri Sadul Museum as well as the fourth largest library in the world. Though the Bikaner Royal Family still live in the palace, part of the building has been converted into a hotel operated by the WelcomHeritage Group.
Constructed in 1486, Moolnayakji was the first Viashnav Temple to be built in Bikaner. It was the principal seat of the Vaishanv sect. The first of the
BhagavadKatha Vachaks of the Rattani Vyas clan of Bikaner Shri Rattoji Vyas gave the Bhagavad Updesh to the king, Rao Bikaand his aide Salloji Rathi. This practice is still carried on today. The presiding deity is Lord Moolnayak Krishna.
Laxmi Nath Temple
Laxmi Nath Temple is one of the oldest temples in Bikaner. The foundation of the city was laid here in 1488 by Rao Bikaji. The temple was erected during the reign of Rao Lunkaran and was added to by
Maharaja Ganga Singh.
Kolayatis a famous pilgrimage spot with a temple dedicated to Kapil Muniwho, according to his devotees, sat in meditation near the lake.
Karni Mata Temple
The shrine of
Karni Matacan be found in the town of Deshnoke30 km south from Bikaner on the road to Jodhpur. Karni Mata is worshiped as an incarnation of Goddess Durga.
Shiv Bari Temple
Built from red sandstone by
Dungar Singhin the late 19th century, the temple is surrounded by a wall with battlements. It has a four faced black marble statue of Shivaand a bronze Nandifacing the Shiva Lingam. There are also two large reservoirs of water known as bawaris. The temple attracts thousands of visitors during Shravan(August) especially on Mondays.
*Public Park and Zoo
*Raj Ratan Bihariand Rasik Siromani Temple
*Bhandasar Jain Temple
*Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum
*Rajasthan State Archives
*Devi Kund Sagar.
*Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary.
According to the 2001 India census [GR|India] , Bikaner had a population of 529,007. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Bikaner has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 74% and female literacy of 57%. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Education in Bikaner
Bikaner is growing as a big centre for education. Good schools and coaching facilities provide students with plenty of opportunities.
The notable Universities and colleges:
University of Bikaner
Rajasthan Agriculture University
Engineering College, Bikaner(ECB)
Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner
* Marudhar Eng.college
* Dungar College
* Maharani Sudarshan College (M.S. College)
* Sardar Patel Medical College
* B.J.S. Rampuria Jain College
* Shri Jain P.G. College
* Shri Nehru Sharda Peeth
* Binani Girls College
* Shri Jain Girls College
* Institute of Management Studies
* AFTERSCHOOOL Centre for Social Entrepreneurship
* Govt.polytechanic collegeFor notable schools see
List of schools in Bikaner, Rajasthan
Notable people from Bikaner
OM PRAKASH GODARA VPO- UDARASAR ,TEH. SRI DUNGARGARH- BIKANER,
Allah Jilai Bai,
Nand Kishore Acharya,
Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore,
Sudhir Tailang(Only Padma Shriawardee cartoonist in India)
Padma Shrivijay shankar vyas
Dr. Hanumaan Prashad Vyas
Dr. B.B.S. Kapoor
*Cartoonist & Lecturer
Pankaj Goswamiex director defence recserch and development organization
* Patnaik, Naveen. (1990). "A Desert Kingdom: The Rajputs of Bikaner". George Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd., London.MR.BHUVANESH SHUKLA
* [http://bikaner.nic.in District Government Site]
* [http://bikanervetcol.org Bikaner Veterinary College Site]
* [http://www.realbikaner.com RealBikaner - The City Portal]
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