- Billington, Bedfordshire
infobox UK place
country = England
official_name = Billington
region= East of England
post_town= LEIGHTON BUZZARD
postcode_district = LU7
Billington (the name probably means hill with a sharp ridge) is a
parishin Bedfordshireabout three miles south of Leighton Buzzard. There are two settlements: Little Billington (a hamlet in the west of the parish) and one that is now called Great Billington (straddling the busy A4146).
Edlesboroughand the Chiltern Hills] The centre of Great Billington is Billington Hill, on top of which is the small parish church. An Iron Agefort and settlement once occupied this site. The church was originally a small mediaeval chapel, however in the late 1860s it was enlarged to a church, and a rectory built next to it to house the first incumbent. This was when Billington was first recorded as a parishin its own right. The bell turretof the church (it has no tower) came to the church second hand, from the church at nearby Linslade, which too was being enlarged at the time. The interior of the church is very simple, a small stained glasswindow, in the west wall commemorates Edward Bradshaw the first rector.
The village once had a common, where the
peasantscultivated their own strips of land, the name 'common' still survives as a field name. It was enclosed at the time of the enclosures, and is today part of a local farm
The village contains some half timbered
thatched cottages, in the area around the summit of the hill, and also some old farmhouses and cottages. One of the thatched cottages on top of the hill, has the dubious honour of having featured on countless chocolate boxes and biscuit tins. One of the most attractive houses in the village is 'Walkers Farm', a brick and timber house dating from the 16th century. Its once thatched roof is now tiled.
During the late
1870s and early 1880large areas of the village were bought by Arthur Macnamarawho built at this time the manor house, and transformed the village into a typical Victorian estate village. The village school, halfway up the hill was built at this time also. It closed as a school in the 1950s.
Arthur Macnamaraat Billington] In the early 20th century a point-to-pointcourse was built on the estate, people came from all over Englandto attend the race meeting held there. Edward VIII when Prince of Waleswas a frequent competitor at the races, on one occasion breaking his collar bonein a fall from a horse. The races discontinued after World War II.
At one time Great Billington had two
public housesand a post office, however, today all are closed and converted to houses. In spite of this lack of amenities the village has a thriving community based on the church, and the village hall with its adjacent green and tennis courts.
Use of the name Great Billington
Thomas Jefferysin 1765 to the Ordnance Surveyin 2006, have consistently written the word "Billington" next to the settlement by the church and the words "Little Billington" next to the hamlet of that name. [Thomas Jefferys, "The County of Bedford", reprinted by Bedfordshire Historical Record Society, 1983.] [Ordnance Survey, "OS Landranger Map 165", edition D1, 2006.]
In the 1990s, there was a campaign by villagers to use the name "Great Billington", with a claim that it was always used historically. This is not the case in most books on
local historyand place-names, but there are examples of earlier use in a will dated 1543, ["Will of Richard Marten of Great Byllington", [http://www.bedfordshire.gov.uk/archive Bedfordshire and Luton Archives and Record Service] reference ABP/R11/38. Note that this is the only record in their [http://blars.adlibsoft.com online catalogue] for the place "Great Billington", compared with 225 records for "Billington".] Kelly's Directory("comprising Great and Little Billington"), [ [http://www.leighton-linslade.com/directories/1890k_bil.html 1890 Kelly's Directory - Billington] with the same wording in directories from 1885 to 1940.] the Victoria County History("hamlets of Great and Little Billington"), [William Page (editor), "The Victoria history of the county of Bedford", vol. III, Constable, 1912, p. 400'.] and the Royal Mail PostcodeDirectory (either "Great" or "Little" in the official postal addresses). ["The Thomson Directory: Luton, Dunstable, Leighton Buzzard area", 1992.] As a result of the campaign, the county councilunveiled a new "Great Billington" village signon 20 June 1997, and some of the road signsat entrances to the settlement now use the name.
"Great Billington" has been used as the name of the whole
civil parish, [For an example see [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/SI/si2001/20014068.htm The District of South Bedfordshire (Electoral Changes) Order 2001] .] but the parish councilnow uses the name "Billington" again. [Billington Parish Council, "Minutes of a meeting held at the Village Hall on 6th July 2006", item 11. "A resident of Little Billington has brought to the Parish Councils attention that all Parish Council documentation is in the name of Great Billington and it was felt that Little Billington was not included. This was discussed and it was agreed that as from now, all Parish Council correspondence would be headed Billington Parish Council."] [ [http://www.bedfordshire.gov.uk/BedsCC/SDequip.nsf/Web/ThePage/Bedfordshire+Parish+and+Town+Clerks Bedfordshire Parish and Town Clerks] ] [ [http://www.southbeds.gov.uk/your-council/towns-and-parishes.html South Bedfordshire Towns & Parishes] ] The ecclesiastical parishis called "Billington". [ [http://www.stalbans.anglican.org/locations/bedfordshireparishes.html Parishes in the diocese of St Albans] ]
* [http://www.leighton-linslade.com History of Billington]
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