Brocade is a class of richly decorative shuttle-woven
fabrics, often made in colored silks and with or without goldand silverthreads. The name, related to the same root as the word "broccoli" comes from Italian "broccato" meaning "embossed cloth," originally past participleof the verb"broccare" "to stud, set with nails," from "brocco", "small nail," from Latin"broccus", "projecting, pointed." [ [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=brocade Online Etymology Dictionary ] ]
Brocade is typically woven on a draw
loom. It is a supplementary wefttechnique, that is, the ornamental brocading is produced by a supplementary, non-structural, weft in addition to the standard weft that holds the warp threads together. The purpose of this is to give the appearance that the weave actually was embroidered on.
Ornamental features in brocade are emphasized and wrought as additions to the main fabric, sometimes stiffening it, though more frequently producing on its face the effect of low relief. In some, but not all, brocades, these additions present a distinctive appearance on the back of the material where the supplementary
weftor floating threads of the brocaded or broached parts hang in loose groups or are clipped away. When the weft is floating on the back, this is known as a continuous brocade; the supplementary weft runs from selvageto selvage. The yarns are cut away in cutworkand broché. Also, a discontinuous brocade is where the supplementary yarn is only woven in the patterned areas.
Eight Pieces of Brocade
* Etymology online [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=brocade]
* Brocade paper (fragment), originally belonging to a sample book of J.M. Munck, Augsburg 1751 [http://libraries.theeuropeanlibrary.org/Netherlands/treasures_en.xml treasure 5] National Library of The Netherlands
*Marypaul Yates. Fabrics A Guide for Interior Designers and Architects. W. W. Norton & Co.
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