- Buro Happold
name = Buro Happold
Limited Liability Partnership
foundation = 1976cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate1.aspx?ID=DBC60486D40B134879C831CC4AFD328F |publisher=Buro Happold website|title= 'Timeline']
founder = Sir
location_country = UK
area_served = Worldwide
key_people = Rod MacDonald, Chairman [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate5.aspx?ID=76C3FB87F0A3D9D41BD4A71F40EF306B |publisher=Buro Happold website|title='Rod MacDonald']
Gavin Thompson, Managing Director [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate5.aspx?ID=DBC60486D40B13481156D2CEBA0285E3 |publisher=Buro Happold website|title= 'Gavin Thompson']
products = Services,
services = engineering consulting,
Construction management, Media production, and business services
revenue = GB£86 million (2006/07) [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate4.aspx?ID=76C3FB87F0A3D9D43F25431298851045 |publisher=Buro Happold website|title= 'Financial Performance']
num_employees = 1700 [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate4.aspx?ID=B692F785237D9033C2BA57AB2886B1A5 |publisher=Buro Happold website|title= 'Growth']
divisions = Buro Happold, Buro Happold Ltd, Buro Happold Ingenieurburo GmBH, Happold Consulting Ltd, Happold Media Ltd, Safe & Secure Ltd
homepage = [http://www.burohappold.com http://www.burohappold.com]
Buro Happold is a professional services firm providing
engineeringconsultancy, design, planning, project management and consulting services for all aspects of buildings, infrastructure and the environment. It was founded in 1976, by Sir Edmund Happoldin Bath in the southwest of England when he left Ove Arupand Partners to take up a post at Bath Universityas Professor of Architectureand Engineering Design.
Originally working mainly on projects in the
Middle East, the firm now operates worldwide and in almost all areas of engineering for the built environment, with offices in seven countries. The parent company owns the subsidiary companies Happold Consulting, Happold Media and Happold Safe and Secure. The firm includes a number of specialist engineering consultancy groups.
ir Edmund Happold
Edmund, or Ted, Happold worked at
Arupbefore founding Buro Happold, where he worked on projects such as the Sydney Opera Houseand the Pompidou Centre. Ted Happold was a leader in the field of lightweight and tensile structures and Buro Happold has as a result undertaken a large number of tensile and other lightweight structures since its founding, including the Millennium Dome. Ted Happold died in 1996, but the firm claims to maintain his views on engineering and life. [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate5.aspx?ID=2725268C8EB77CCF9D827BF55D404B4A|publisher=Buro Happold website|title=Edmund Happold]
Buro Happold was founded on 1 May 1976, with its first office on Gay Street in Bath, United Kingdom.cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate1.aspx?ID=DBC60486D40B134879C831CC4AFD328F|publisher=Buro Happold website|title='Timeline'] The firm started with seven partners: columns
The King's Office, Council of Ministers and Majlis Al Shura (KOCOMMAS), Central Government Complex in
Riyadh, Saudi Arabiawas the firm's first major design project in 1976. Initially, Buro Happold offered only structural engineering consultancy, with a particular strength in lightweight structures, but in 1977 it added civil engineeringand geotechnical engineeringand in 1978 building services engineering. In 1982 Buro Happold started to work with Future Tents Ltd (FTL) on a variety of temporary and recreational structures. The firms combined their operations in 1992, but split again in 1997.
In 1983, Buro Happold opened an office in Riyadh, and has since opened offices around the UK and internationally:columns |width=145px
New York City
By 1993, Buro Happold had 130 employees and 8 partners. In 1998 this had grown to 300 employees and 12 partners, while in 2000 with over 500 employees the partnership was increased to 23. In 2006 the partnership stood at 25 with over 1400 employees and 14 offices. Due to this growth and the addition of so many different services, the company was restructured in 2003 to consist of multi-disciplinary teams of engineers, each with structural, mechanical and electrical engineers supported by specialist consulting groups.
In 2005, Buro Happold launched Happold Consulting, a management and overseas development consultancy with expertise in the construction sector, and Happold Media, a subsidiary offering graphic design and media development services. In 2007, Buro Happold launched Safe and Secure, [cite web|url=http://www.happoldsafesecure.com/|title=Happold Safe & Secure website|accessdate=2008-01-16] a subsidiary offering security consultancy and design services. The firm now places over 100 distinct different services under the headings:
Significant amongst its specialist consultancy services are its fire consultancy group, FEDRA, and software development group SMART which worked with
Sheffield Universityto develop Vulcan software, [cite web|url=http://www.suel.co.uk/suel/companies/vulcan.html|publisher=Sheffield University/Vulcan Solutions|title=Sheffield University Enterprises] widely used throughout the fire engineering industry. [cite web|url=http://www.vulcan-solutions.com/|title=Vulcan website] SMART also develops Buro Happold's in-house software Tensyl, a non-linear finite elementanalysis and patterning program for fabric structures, and people flow modelling software.Rappaport. 2007] Also notable is its group COSA, which undertakes computational modelling and analysis [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate5.aspx?ID=9D44C09FB58708AF42578C5A5154BDF9|title=COSA Solutions|publisher=Buro Happold|accessdate=2007-12-19] [cite article|url=http://www.ingenia.org.uk/ingenia/issues/issue17/Stribling.pdf|title=Building simulation: virtual prototyping for construction projects|author=David Stribling|publisher=Ingenia Magazine|date=2003-10-17] and the Sustainability and Alternative Technologies Group. [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate5.aspx?ID=30EA388EEA276240BEF8E51DE482A734|title=Sustainable & Alternative Technologies|publisher=Buro Happold|accessdate=2007-12-19]
In 2007 Buro Happold became a
limited liability partnership, and in 2008 appointed 18 new partners.
The firm is a
limited liability partnershipwith 44 partners. [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/PeoplePartnerList.aspx?ID=30EA388EEA2762406CDF26DBDE4B38B0 |publisher=Buro Happold website|title= 'Principals']
*Steve Browncite journal|title=Millennium and Beyond|author=Steve Brown|publisher=The Structural Engineer|date=2005-11-03]
*Paul Westburycite journal|title=Ingenia Magazine: An Intuitive Engineer|url=http://www.ingenia.org.uk/ingenia/issues/issue31/Issue31_Profile.pdf|author=Michael Kenward OBE|issue=Issue 31|date=June 2007]
In 1973, before the founding of Buro Happold,
Edmund Happold, Ian Liddell, Vera Straka, Peter Riceand Michael Dickson established a lightweight structures research laboratory corresponding to Frei Otto's similar research institute at the university of Stuttgart. Ted Happold was the first to introduce ethylenetetrafluoroethylene ( ETFE) as a cladding material, and the outcomes of the research carried out by the laboratory led to the development of the designs for the Mannheim Multihall gridshell and a number of landmark fabric structures in the Middle East and the UK, allowing the new building forms to become generally accepted by architects and clients.
Buro Happold's early projects ranged from designing giant fabric umbrellas for
Pink Floydconcerts [cite web |url=http://www.stufish.com/Pages/Dinosaur/Pink%20Floyd/Animals%20Tour/Pink%20Floyd%20Animals%20Concert%20Tour%201977%2001.html |title=Pink Floyd Animals Concert Tour 1977 |publisher=Stufish |accessdate=2007-03-22] to the Munich Aviary and the Mannheim Multihalle, both with Frei Otto, an architect who repeatedly worked with Buro Happold on projects which pioneered lightweight structures. The Mannheim Multihalle was a timber gridshellof 50 by 50 mm lathes of hemlock of irregular form, depending on the elasticity of spring washers at the joints for its flexible form. It was one of the first major uses of structural gridshells.
Following the development of fabric structures expertise on the projects with Frei Otto, Buro Happold was instrumental in further developing the knowledge and technology of fabric structures. With Bodo Rasch, a protégé of Frei Otto, and drawing on experience from the Pink Floyd canopies, they designed folding, umbrella-like canopies to shade the courtyard of Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (The Mosque of the Prophet) in
Medina, Saudi Arabia. [cite web|url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2eC074cyRyI&feature=related |title=Youtube Video of canopies closing] [cite web|url=http://archnet.org/library/images/thumbnails.jsp?location_id=2951|title=Archnet Gallery of Prophet's Mosque|publisher=Archnet] [cite web|url=http://www.anwary-islam.com/medina-pic/nabwi-umb_b4.htm|title=Medina's Gallery] They also designed the, at the time, largest fabric canopy in Europe at the Ashford Designer Outletin the UK. [Walker. 1998. p.69]
This development of fabric structures expertise culminated in Buro Happold, with a team led by
Ian Liddell, and with Paul Westbury,cite journal|title=Ingenia Magazine: An Intuitive Engineer|url=http://www.ingenia.org.uk/ingenia/issues/issue31/Issue31_Profile.pdf|author=Michael Kenward OBE|issue=Issue 31|date=June 2007] designing the Millennium Dome, the world's largest fabric roof and the first building of its type.cite web|url=http://www.raeng.org.uk/prizes/macrobert/winners/win1999.htm|title=MacRobert Award 1999 Winner|publisher=Royal Academy of Engineers] The expertise in wooden gridshell structures has resulted in the design of structures such as the Weald and Downland Museum and the Savill Buildingin Windsor Great Park. [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate8.aspx?ID=972C0265E711C68A1A18172CD7D066AA|title=Savill Building|publisher=Buro Happold|accessdate=2008-01-16] [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate8.aspx?ID=972C0265E711C68A451AA718604824CD|title=Downland Gridshell|publisher=Buro Happold|accessdate=2008-01-16]
Buro Happold has also completed the designs of a number of cardboard structures, notably the Japan Pavilion for
Expo 2000in Hanoverwith Shigeru Banand Frei Otto, consisting of a gridshell of paper tubes (the structure was reinforced with steel in order to comply with fire regulations, though the tubular structure was itself structurally sufficient). [cite web|url=http://www.building.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=3047276|title=The man with the golden pen|publisher=Building Magazine|date=2005 issue 08] The firm has worked with Shigeru Ban on a number of other projects. Another design in cardboard was the Westborough School cardboard classroom in Westcliff. [cite web|url=http://www.cardboardschool.co.uk/|title=Cardboard classroom|publisher=Westborough School]
Notable projects in the UK
Arsenal F.C.'s Emirates Stadiumin London[cite journal|journal=Ingenia Magazine|title=Pitch Perfect|issue=Issue 28|publisher=Royal Academy of Engineers|date= September 2006|author= Ian Liddell|url=http://www.ingenia.org.uk/ingenia/issues/issue28/liddell.pdf]
Ascot Racecoursein Ascotcite journal|title=Ingenia Magazine: An Intuitive Engineer|url=http://www.ingenia.org.uk/ingenia/issues/issue31/Issue31_Profile.pdf|author=Michael Kenward OBE|issue=Issue 31|date=June 2007]
Weald and Downland Gridshell[cite web|url=http://www.wealddown.co.uk/downland-gridshell-project%20history.htm#design%20team|title=Weald and Downland design team|publisher=Weald and Downland Museum] [cite journal|title=The Downland gridshell: Innovative design in timber|publisher=The Royal Academy of Engineers|url=http://www.ingenia.org.uk/ingenia/issues/issue18/Dickson.pdf|author=Michael Dickson and Richard Harris|journal=Ingenia|issue=Issue 18|date=February 2004|accessdate=2007-12-09]
*Perth Concert Hall in
Perth, Scotland[cite web|url=http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectview&upload_id=1217|publisher=worldarchitecturenews.com|date=2007-07-06|accessdate=2007-12-05|title=Buro Happold Wins Award]
Savill Buildingin Windsor Great Park[cite web|url=http://www.architecture.com/Awards/RIBAAwards/Winners2007/South/TheSavillBuilding/TheSavillBuilding.aspx|title=The Savill Building|publisher=RIBA]
British Museum Queen Elizabeth II Great CourtRoof in Londoncite journal|title=Millennium and Beyond|author=Steve Brown|publisher=The Structural Engineer|date=2003-11-05]
Lowry Centrein Salford[cite journal|url=http://archrecord.construction.com/projects/portfolio/archives/0103BritishMuseum.asp|title=Salford wins Silver|author=Andy Cook|journal=Building Magazine Issue 29|date=1999]
*The Sackler Crossing in
Kew Gardens, London [cite press release|url=http://www.kew.org/press/lake_crossing.html|publisher=Kew Gardens|title=New lake crossing unveiled at Key 16 May 2006|accessdate=2007-12-09] [cite web|url=http://archrecord.construction.com/projects/lighting/archives/0711sackler-2.asp|title=Sackler Crossing|publisher=architectural record|accessdate=2007-12-09]
Sheffield Winter Gardensin Sheffield[cite journal|journal=RIBA Journal|title=Winter Garden, Sheffield - Now you see it...|date=January 2003]
Eden ProjectCore in Cornwall[cite journal|publisher=The Guardian|date=Tuesday 20 September 2005|title=The Core, inspired by the code 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13 ...|author=Jonathan Glancey|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/news/story/0,11711,1573880,00.html|accessdate=2007-12-09]
Globe Theatrein London [cite web|url=http://www.mccurdyco.com/globepm.html|title=The Reconstruction of the Globe Theatre|publisher=`McCurdy & Co Ltd|author=Peter McCurdy|accessdate=2007-12-09]
Millennium Domeand the later redevelopment as the The O2 in London
Riverside Museumin Glasgow, Scotland [cite web|url=http://www.glasgowarchitecture.co.uk/museum_of_transport_glasgow.htm|title=Museum of Transport, Glasgow|publisher=www.glasgowarchitecture.co.uk|accessdate=2007-12-05]
Museum of Liverpool, in Liverpool
*Wales Institute for Sustainable Education (at the
Centre for Alternative Technology), Machynlleth, Wales; [cite press release|url=http://www.cat.org.uk/news/news_release.tmpl?command=search&db=news.db&eqSKUdatarq=33590|title=CAT and Buro Happold get WISE!|date=2006-06-05|author=Arthur Girling|publisher=Centre for Alternative Technology|accessdate=2007-12-10] a new education and visitor centre including the largest rammed earth wall in the UK.
Bristol; a pedestrian bridge in Bristol in the form of a Mobius strip.
Notable international projects
*The Al Faisaliah Centre in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia [Structurae|id=s0000866|title=Al Faisaliah Centre]
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europein Berlin[cite journal|journal=Architectural Record|title=Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe|url=http://archrecord.construction.com/projects/portfolio/archives/0507memorial.asp|author=Suzanne Stephens|date=July 2005|accessdate=2007-12-07]
*The Genzyme Headquarters in
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States [structurae|id=s0010376|title=Genzyme Headquarters]
*The Danish National Opera House in
Copenhagen, Denmark[structurae|id=id=s0005497|title=New Copenhagen Opera House]
Palace of Peace and Reconciliationin Kazakhstan[cite journal|journal=The Structural Engineer|title=Pyramid for Peace in Kazakhstan|date=2007-01-23|author=Mike Cook, George Keliris]
*RAK New Gateway Building, in Ras Al Khiamah
Dresden Hauptbahnhofredevelopment, in Dresden, Germany [cite journal|journal=ASCE Magazine|url=http://www.pubs.asce.org/magazines/CEMag/2007/Issue_09-07/article1.htm|title=Grand Inspiration|author=Robert L. Reid|accessdate=2007-12-09|publisher=American Society of Civil Engineers|date=September 2007]
Stuttgart Hauptbahnhofredevelopment ( Stuttgart 21), in Stuttgart, Germany; [cite web|url=http://www.stuttgart-baut.de/bauprojekte.cgi?a=projekt_uebersicht&id=24|title=Stuttgart 21] a project to realign the Deutsche Bahn's rail lines so they can be joined to the intra-European network. The sub-terranean station will be roofed with a public park, with organically shaped, reinforced concrete shells with petal-shaped sections terminating as skylights. The project is due for completion in 2013.cite book
last = Rappaport
first = Nina
title = Support and Resist
publisher = The Monacelli Press
date = 2007
location = London
pages = 69
isbn = 978-1-58093-187-8 ]
Grand Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt; [cite web|url=http://www.gem.gov.eg/index/project_imp/index.htm|title=Grand Museum of Egypt website] the design of building services for a new museum adjacent to the Pyramidsin Egypt, to house the world's largest collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities.
Smithsonian American Art Museum's Robert and Arlene Kogod Courtyard's new roof in Washington, USA; [cite web|url=http://www.building.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=3080525|title=Georgious Washington|publisher=Building Magazine|date=2 February 2007|author=Thomas Lane ] a curved steel grid roof clad in square glass overlapping panels.
Lansdowne RoadStadium in Dublin, Ireland; [cite web|url=http://www.lrsdc.ie/partners/default.asp?NCID=70|title=Project Team Members|publshers=Lansdowne Road Stadium Development Company|accessdate=2007-12-09] a four-tiered, 50,000 seater national rugby stadium with a freeform transparent facade.
Résidence Palace; future headquarters of the EU Counciland the European Councilin Brussels, in association with Philippe Samyn and Partners and Studio Valle
Other significant activities
Buro Happold is best known for providing engineering services for buildings, but it also undertakes a large proportion of its work in civil, geotechnical and environmental engineering, and an increasing amount of overseas development work. Buro Happold is a member of the Consortium for the Eradication of Poverty, which also includes Arup, Scott Wilson and
Buro Happold is part of the consortium (EDAW) appointed to design the Olympic Park for the London
2012 Olympics. [cite press release|url=http://www.london2012.com/news/media-releases/2006-01/top-team-chosen-to-design-olympic-park.php|title=Top team chosen to design Olympic Park|publisher=Olympic Delivery Authority|date=24 January 2006|accessdate=2007-12-09] The team which built the Emirates Stadium, made up of McAlpine, HOK Sport + Venue + Eventand Buro Happold is also designing and constructing the Olympic Stadium. [cite press release |url=http://www.london2012.com/news/media-releases/2006-10/oda-negotiates-with-team-mcalpine-on-olypmic-stadium.php |title=ODA negotiates with Team Sir Robert McAlpine on Olympic Stadium |publisher=Olympic Delivery Authority |date=2006-10-13 |accessdate=2007-03-22] [cite press release|url=http://www.e-architect.co.uk/london/london_olympic_stadium.htm|publisher=Olympic Delivery Authority|title=New Era of Stadium Design Begins with Olympic Stadium|date=2007-11-07|accessdate=2007-12-09] [cite web|url=http://www.london2012.com/venues/olympic-stadium.php|title=London 2012 web site]
Buro Happold won the
Aga Khan Award for Architecturefor Tuwaiq Palacein Riyadhin 1998. Buro Happold also won the Queen's Award for Enterprisetwice, for export achievement and again for sustainable development. In 1999 Buro Happold engineers Ian Liddell, Paul Westbury, Dawood Pandor and technician Gary Dagger won the Royal Academy of Engineering's MacRobert Awardfor their design of the Millennium Dome- only the second time in the award's history that it has gone to a construction project. [cite press release|url=http://www.raeng.org.uk/news/releases/shownews.htm?NewsID=75|title=Millennium Dome shows it's not just a pretty space|publisher=Royal Academy of Engineering|date=1999-10-25|accessdate=2007-12-10] Buro Happold received the accompanying gold medal.cite web|url=http://www.raeng.org.uk/prizes/macrobert/winners/win1999.htm|title=MacRobert Award 1999 Winner|publisher=Royal Academy of Engineers] In 2007, Buro Happold won the IStructE Supreme Award for the Savill Buildingin Windsor Great Park. [cite web|url=http://www.istructe.org/StructuralAwards/2007/category00/projects.asp|title=Structural Awards website] Buro Happold was the second firm in the world to achieve worldwide Investors in Peopleaccreditation. [cite journal|title=IDS HR Study 816, February 2006|url=http://www.incomesdata.co.uk/studies/iip.htm]
tirling Prize winning projects
Buro Happold's projects have won two RIBA
Stirling Prizes: the Media Centre at Lord's Cricket Groundin 1999 and the Magna Science Adventure Centre in Rotherhamin 2001. Additionally the Evelina Children's Hospitalwon the public vote for the Stirling Prize in 2006. The following Buro Happold projects have been shortlisted for the Stirling Prize:
*The renovation of
Dresden Main Stationin 2007
Savill Buildingin Windsor Great Parkin 2007.
Evelina Children's Hospitalin 2006
Business Academy, Bexleyin 2004
Queen Elizabeth II Great Courtin 2003
Weald and Downland Gridshellin 2002
At the 2007 Building Awards, Buro Happold won the Engineering Consultant of the Year award, while the
Emirates Stadiumwon the Project of the Year award. Other Buro Happold projects shortlisted for the same award were the new terminal building at Farnborough Airfieldand the Savill Building, which was highly commended. [cite web|url=http://www.building.co.uk/hybrid.asp?typeCode=191&subtypecode=12279&pubCode=43&navcode=571|title=Building Awards] At the 2007 Structural Awards, Buro Happold won awards for the Emirates Stadium, the Savill Buildingand Dresden Main Station. Buro Happold won the Building Services Project of the Year Award 2007 for Perth Concert Hall, in Perth.
The Happold Trust was founded in 1995 by Ted Happold and the other founding partners in order to promote
education, researchand trainingin the fields of engineering, industry, design, technologyand architecture. [cite web|url=http://www.burohappold.com/BH/BHTemplate1.aspx?ID=58CC35E8D9E49BB3E757C88D1CA04165|title=The Happold Trust|publisher=Buro Happold|accessdate=2007-11-30] The Happold Trust is a patronof Registered Engineers for Disaster Relief ( RedR-IHE) [cite web
url = http://www.redr.org.uk/en/About_Us/Our_funders.cfm
title = RedR-IHE patrons
publisher = RedR-IHE
accessdate = 2007-03-22 ] and a co-sponsor of the planned
Dyson Academyin Bath. [cite press release
url = http://www.southwestrda.org.uk/news/release.asp?releaseid=1566
title = The Dyson School of Design Innovation
publisher = South West Regional Development Agency
date = 2006-07-10
accessdate = 2007-03-22 ] The Happold Trust is also a major sponsor of
Engineers Without Borders UK[cite web|url=http://www.ewb-uk.org/about/sponsors|title=EWB-UK sponsors|publisher=Engineers Without Borders UK]
* [http://www.burohappold.com/ Buro Happold official website]
* [http://www.happoldconsulting.com/ Happold Consulting official website]
* [http://www.happoldmedia.com/ Happold Media official website]
* [http://www.happoldsafesecure.com/ Happold Safe and Secure official website]
Fire protection engineering
* Rappaport, Nina (2007). "Support and Resist". London: The Monacelli Press. ISBN 978-1-58093-187-8.
* Walker, Derek (1998). "The Confidence to Build". Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0419240608.
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