- Laika (dog breed)
The Laika breeds in international terminology
Fédération Cynologique Internationaleuses the word "Laika" in the names of three standard breeds: Russian European Laika(FCI standard No. 304), West Siberian Laika(FCI 306),and East Siberian Laika(FCI 305), which had been bred from the aboriginal dogs of northern Russia and Siberia.
Karelo-Finnish Laika, not listed in the FCI nomenclature, is also a Russian breed, with the first standard published in Leningradin 1936. It is a close relative of Finnish Spitz, as both breeds were bred from similar native dog populations. [ [http://www.thebreedsofdogs.com/KARELO_FINNISH_LAIKA.htm KARELO-FINNISH LAIKA] ] [ [http://www.zooclub.ru/dogs/porod/465.shtml L.Gibet (Л. Гибет), "Karelo-Finnish Laika. The History of the Breed" (Карело-финская лайка. История породы).] In "Okhota i Okhotnichye Khozjaystvo", 1993.]
The use of the word in Russia
The Russian word "laika" ( _ru. лайка) is a noun derived from the verb "layat" ( _ru. лаять, to bark), andliterally means "barker". As the name of a dog variety, it is used in Russian cynological literature (not only in Russian, but sometimes in English as well) to refer to allvarieties of hunting dogs traditionally kept by the peoples of the northern
Russiaand adjacent areas. This includes not only the three or four breeds knows as Laikas in English, but also other standard breeds that FCI classifies together with them as the "Nordic Hunting Dogs" (Group 5, Section 2 of the FCI classification). [ [http://www.fci.be/nomenclatures_detail.asp?lang=en&file=group5 FCI - Breed nomenclature. Group 5, Spitz and Primitive types] en icon]
Norwegian Elkhound(FCI 242 and 268) is known in Russian literature as"Norwegian Elk Laika" (норвежская лосиная лайка), and Finnish Spitz(FCI 49) as "Finnish Bird Laika" (финская птичья лайка).
In Russia the word "Laika" is sometimes used less strictly, to refer not only to
hunting dogs but also tothe related sled dogbreeds of the tundrabelt, which FCI classifies as "Nordic Sledge Dogs". For example, Siberian Huskymay be occasionally referred to as "Yakut Laika" (якутская лайка), [ [http://lajka.narod.ru The Yakut Laika (Якутская лайка)] Illustrated articles by Yakutskhusky enthusiats. Accessed 2006-10-31. ru icon] and Samoyed as "Samoyed Laika" (Самоедская лайка). [ [http://www.malamut.ru/bul/producers.htm Samoyed Laika (Самоедская лайка)] , a dog-breeder's site. Accessed 2006-10-31. ru icon]
"Laika" is also not an uncommon personal name for a Russian dog. The most famous bearer of this name was
Laika, the first dog in space; she also supposedly had some Laika blood.
* [http://www.laiki.ru/ Hunters Russo-European Laika (LRE) end West Siberian Laika(LZS)(Russia)]
* [http://www.laikabreeds.multiservers.com Vladimir Beregovoy, "Hunting Laika Breeds of Russia"] en icon
Maria Georgievna Dmitrieva-Sulima(Мария Георгиевна Дмитриева-Сулима), [http://www.ozon.ru/context/detail/id/1475320/ "The Laika, and Hunting with Laika"] ("Лайка и охота с ней"). (2003, original edition 1911). Aquarium Book, ISBN 978-5-94838-125-1. ru icon
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