Temple Bar, Dublin

Temple Bar, Dublin

Temple Bar ( _ga. Barra an Teampaill) is an area on the south bank of the River Liffey in central Dublin, Ireland. Unlike the areas surrounding it, Temple Bar has preserved its medieval street pattern, with many narrow cobbled streets. It is promoted as "Dublin's cultural quarter" and has a lively nightlife that is popular with tourists. Temple Bar is in the postcode Dublin 2 (D2), and has an estimated population of 3,000.


The area is bounded by the Liffey to the north, Dame Street to the south, Westmoreland Street to the east and Fishamble Street to the west. It probably got its name from the Temple family, who lived in the area in the 17th century. Sir William Temple, provost of Trinity College Dublin in 1609, had his house and gardens in the area. Alternatively, it could have been named in imitation of the Temple Bar in London. However it got its name, the earliest historical reference to the name "Temple Bar" is on a 1673 map.

Fishamble Street in Temple Bar was the location of the first performance of Handel's "Messiah" on 13 April 1742. An annual performance of the "Messiah" is held on the same date at the same location. The republican revolutionary group, the Society of the United Irishmen, was formed at a meeting in a tavern in Eustace Street in 1791.

During the 19th century, the area slowly declined in popularity, and in the 20th century, it suffered from urban decay, with many derelict buildings. Its unfashionability probably saved it from Dublin's property developers, who destroyed much of the city's historic architecture during the 1960s.

In the 1980s, the state-owned transport company Córas Iompair Éireann proposed to buy up and demolish property in the area and build a bus terminus in its place. While this was in the planning stages, the purchased buildings were let out at low rents, which attracted small shops, artists and galleries to the area. Protests by An Taisce, residents and traders led to the cancellation of the bus station project, An Taoiseach Charles Haughey was responsible for securing funding [ [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/charles-haughey-482309.html Obituary Charles Haughey] , The Independent 14 June 2006] and, in 1991, the government set up a not-for-profit company called "Temple Bar Properties" to oversee the regeneration of the area as Dublin's cultural quarter. [Temple Bar Framework Plan - Dublin Corporation(1991)]

In 1999 Stag Parties and Hen nights from the UK were supposedly banned(or discouraged) from temple bar mainly due to drunken loutish behaviour, although this seems to have lapsed. [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_19990103/ai_n9704845 Bar Stag Ban Sends Revellers To London- Sunday Mirror, Jan 3, 1999] ]

Present day

The area is the location of many Irish cultural institutions, including the Irish Photography Centre (incorporating the Dublin Institute of Photography, the National Photographic Archives and the Gallery of Photography), the Ark Children's Cultural Centre, the Irish Film Institute, incorporating the Irish Film Archive, the Temple Bar Music Centre, the Arthouse Multimedia Centre, Temple Bar Gallery and Studio, the Project Arts Centre, the Gaiety School of Acting, as well as the Irish Stock Exchange and the Central Bank of Ireland.After dark, the area is a major centre for nightlife, with many tourist-focused nightclubs, restaurants and bars. Pubs in the area include The Porterhouse, the Oliver St. John Gogarty, the Turk's Head, the Temple Bar, Czech Inn (in the former Isolde's Tower), the Quays Bar, the Foggy Dew, Eamonn Doran's and the Purty Kitchen.

Two squares have been renovated in recent years — "Meetinghouse Square" and the central "Temple Bar Square". The "Temple Bar Book Market" is held on Saturdays and Sundays in Temple Bar Square.

Meetinghouse Square, which takes its name from the nearby Quaker Meeting House, is used for outdoor film screenings in the summer months. Since summer 2004, Meetinghouse Square is also home to the "Speaker's Square" project, which is similar to Speakers' Corner in London and to the "Temple Bar Food Market" every Saturday.

The "Cow's Lane Market" is a fashion and design market which takes place on Cow's Lane every Saturday.

Temple Bar, especially the area around the Central Bank, has been known stereotypically to attract subcultures such as emo and goth, sometimes referred to as 'bankies', and other "dark" subcultures who tend to lurk more around Forbidden Planet.

In July 2005, visiting American singer Aimee Mann described her shock at encountering "overflowing pubs, drunks, urine stains and pools of vomit" [ [http://www.irishabroad.com/news/irishpost/news/aimeetemplebar-050720.asp Irish News UK — News from the Irish Community in Britain —Aimee pans Temple Bar experience] ] . This and other increasingly adverse coverage has led to the introduction in October 2005 of a "Play Nice" [ [http://www.visit-templebar.com/playnice"Play Nice"] ] campaign to help the area recover its bohemian image.


External links

* [http://www.tascq.ie/ Traders in the Area Supporting the Cultural Quarter] — "an organization representing businesses and traders in Temple Bar"
* [http://www.templebartrad.com/ Temple Bar Trad Irish Music & Culture Festival] — "A four day Irish music and culture festival"
* [http://www.templebar.ie/ Temple Bar Cultural Trust website]
* [http://www.irish-architecture.com/buildings_ireland/dublin/southcity/templebar/index.html The Architecture of Temple Bar] — "from the Irish Architecture Online website"
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=53.345421,-6.265254&spn=0.005507,0.015971&hl=en Google Maps] — "Google Maps view of Temple Bar"
* [http://travel.duchs.com/Ireland/Dublin/See/Temple_Bar_Pub/ Image of Temple Bar Pub]
* [http://www.landliving.com/articles/0000000959.aspx Seeing Éire II - Temple Bar (architecture)] (LandLiving.com)

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