- 164 BC
Seleucidking Antiochus IV Epiphanesdies while on a campaign in Tabae (or Gabae, now Isfahan) in Persia. He is succeeded by his son Antiochus V Eupatorwho is only nine years old. The regent for the boy is the late king's chancellor, Lysias, who has been left in charge of Syria when Antiochus IV departed for his campaign in Persia. Lysias is, however, seriously challenged by other Syrian generals and finds himself with a precarious hold on power. To make matters worse for him, the Roman Senateis holding Demetrius, the son of the former king Seleucus IV and, therefore, the rightful heir to the Seleucid throne, as a hostage. By threatening to release him, the Senate is able to influence events in the Seleucid kingdom.
Battle of Beth Zuris fought between Jewish rebel forces led by Judas Maccabeusand a Seleucid army led by the regent Lysias. Judas Maccabeus wins the battle and is able to recapture Jerusalemsoon after. Judas purifies the defiled Temple in Jerusalem, destroys the idols erected there by Antiochus IV and restores the service in the Temple. The reconsecration of the Temple becomes an annual feast of dedication in the Jewish calendar, Hanukkah.
Rhodessigns a treaty with Rome and becomes its ally.
Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicusis elected censor in Rome.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes("God Manifest"), Seleucidking of the Syrian kingdom who has reigned since 175 BC, and has encouraged Greek culture and institutions but also attempted to suppress Judaism, which has led to the uprisings in Judeatowards the end of his reign (b. c. 215 BC)
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