- Italia Turrita
Italia Turrita is the
personificationor allegoryof Italy, characterised by a mural crown(hence "turrita" or "with towers" in the Italian language) typical of Italian civic heraldryof communal origin.
Italia Turrita is a woman with typical
Mediterraneanattributes, such as a coloured and lively complexion, dark hair and an elegant and ideal beauty. She often holds in her hands a bunch of corn ears (a symbol of fertility and reference to the agrarian economy); during the fascist era she held a fascio littorio, literally "bundle of the lictors".
Over her head a five-pointed star is usually seen shining radiant; an ancient secular symbol of Italy purported to protect the nation, known as "Stellone d'Italia". Iconographic of the
Risorgimento, it was used as the crest of the armorial bearingsof the Kingdom of Italy from 1870 to 1890 and is the dominant element in the modern day coat of arms adopted at the birth of the Italian Republicin 1948.
*The [http://www.illustrated-history.org/asp/zoom.asp?id=1000 front page] of
La Domenica del Corriereon 25 May 1958depicted Italia Turrita voting in that day’s general election
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