Comiket

Comiket
Comiket
The Cosplayers of Comiket 69.jpg
Elaborately dressed cosplayers at Comiket 69, circa. December 2005
Status Active
Venue Tokyo Big Sight
Location Ariake, Tokyo
Country Japan
First held December 21, 1975
Attendance 560,000 in 2009 (summer)
Official website www.comiket.co.jp/index_e.html

Comiket (コミケット Komiketto?), otherwise known as the Comic Market (コミックマーケット Komikku Māketto?), is the world's largest self-published comic book fair, held twice a year in Tokyo, Japan.[1] The first Comiket was held on December 21, 1975, with only about 32 participating circles and an estimated 600 attendees.[2] Attendance has since swelled to over a half million people.[1] It is a grassroots, DIY effort for selling dōjinshi, self-published Japanese works. As items sold in Comiket are considered very rare (because dōjinshi are seldom reprinted), some items sold at Comiket can be found in shops or on the Internet at prices up to 10 times the item's original price.

The continuing operation of Comiket is the responsibility of the Comic Market Preparatory Committee (ComiketPC).

Contents

Origins

Comiket was founded in 1975 by Yoshihiro Yonezawa and a circle of friends, including Teruo Harada and Jun Aniwa, while they were studying at Meiji University. They wished to study manga and explore its potential, as commercial offerings were unchallenging and mainstream, following the closure of COM.[3][4][5] Comiket was also founded as a freer form of the SF Taikai convention.[6]

Time, date, and location

The line up at Comiket 77 in December 2009.

Comic Market is held twice a year; once in August, and once in December. These are typically referred to as NatsuComi (夏コミ Natsukomi?) and FuyuComi (冬コミ Fuyukomi?) (contractions of Summer and Winter Comiket) respectively. NatsuComi is three days long, and usually is held during the weekend around August 15. FuyuComi is two to three days long, and usually is held between December 28 and 31. The current convention location is the Tokyo Big Sight convention center near Ariake, in Odaiba, Kōtō, Tokyo. The major part of the convention runs from 10AM to 4PM, though the company booths run all the way until 5PM. On the last day of the convention, the company booths and Cosplay Square close an hour earlier, at 4PM and 3PM respectively.[7] Due to the popularity of the event, the official Comic Market website advises first-time attendees to arrive in the afternoon to avoid having to wait in line.[8] Those arriving at 10AM can expect to wait in line for about an hour before being able to enter. Attendees who arrive on the first train, can expect to wait about five hours before entering at roughly 10 or 10:30AM.[7]

The last Comiket, Comiket 80, was held on August 12, 13 and 14, 2011.

Size

By 1982, there were less than 10,000 attendees at Comiket, however, by 1989, there were over 100,000 attendees.[9] Approximately 35,000 sellers, known as circles, participated in Comiket as of 2001. An estimated 510,000 attendees converge in the course of three days, but this number continues to increase. Because of the extreme number of people gathering in a single place, mobile phone companies set up temporary antennas that are usually employed when stationary antennas are out of service. Area hotels, trains, and bus services also make special arrangements to accommodate the large crowds. Comiket 76 from August 14–16, 2009 attracted an estimated 560,000 attendees.[10]

Catalog

The Comiket Catalog contains information about the buyers and sellers at Comiket and other general event information. It is available in print and CD-ROM format. The print version is roughly the size of an average phone book. It contains lists of all the participating circles, maps of the convention layout, maps and directions to get to and from the convention, rules for the convention, and one to two pictures for every participating circle.

The catalog is not required for admittance, but without it the event is nearly impossible to navigate. Catalogs are often sold at tents in and around the event for the benefit of latecomers.

The CD-ROM edition of the catalog includes the following features:

  • Advanced search functions by day, location, circle, title, genre, etc.
  • Custom color coded checklist creation
  • Customized map and list printing with customizeable lists and fields
  • Clickable layout map for navigation
  • Importing and exporting circle and image data (presumably for new versions)
  • Saving lists as .csv files for use in a spreadsheet program

To date, there is no English edition of the catalog available.

The Comiket website usually has a list of stores (by prefecture) where you can order the catalog. Please be aware that not all stores have the CD-ROM version and some may not have the print version. This is also on the list of stores on the Comiket homepage. Catalogs can be ordered from overseas, depending on the store. The catalog typically comes out two weeks before the convention, up until the first day of Comiket.

Problems related to Comiket

As the number of circles participating and number of participants increase rapidly, the event has become very crowded. In order to buy their favorite items (and especially famous items, such as dōjinshi from famous authors or special limited-edition items), thousands of people line up outside the Tokyo Big Sight convention center days before the event starts, causing serious security problems. Hence, in recent years lining up before the day Comiket is held on has been prohibited.

References

  1. ^ a b McCarthy, Helen (2006). "Manga: A Brief History". 500 Manga Heroes & Villains. Hauppauge, New York, USA: Chrysalis Book Group. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-7641-3201-8. 
  2. ^ Wilson, Brent; Toku, Masami (2003). "'Boys' Love,' Yaoi, and Art Education: Issues of Power and Pedagogy". Visual Culture Research in Art and Education. http://www.csuchico.edu/~mtoku/vc/Articles/toku/Wil_Toku_BoysLove.html. Retrieved July 5, 2010.  Citing Inokai, K. (2000). "Manga dojinshi-shi [History of manga dojinshi]" (in Japanese). Comic Fan (10): 4–59. 
  3. ^ Schodt, Frederik L. (1996). Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Stone Bridge Press. p. 40. ISBN 9781880656235. http://books.google.com/books?id=Loug6sbKTvEC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA40#v=onepage&f=false. 
  4. ^ "World's Biggest Underground Comic Convention". Anime News Network. August 17, 2000. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2000-08-17/world%27s-biggest-underground-comic-convention. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  5. ^ Kinsella, Sharon (2005) [2000]. "Amateur Manga Subculture and the Otaku Incident". In Gelder, Ken (ed.). The Subcultures Reader (2nd ed.). London; New York: Routledge. pp. 542–543. ISBN 9780415344159. OCLC 57530654. http://books.google.com/books?id=46OYHkjZR4AC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA542#v=snippet&q=comiket&f=false. 
  6. ^ Galbraith, Patrick L. (14 June, 2009). "New university library puts focus on the fans". The Japan Times. http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20090614x2.html. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  7. ^ a b "コミックマーケット76のご案内 [Guide to Comic Market 76]" (in Japanese). 一般参加者サポートページ ({Comiket} General Participant Support Page). Comiket Inc. http://www.comiket.co.jp/info-a/C76/C76info.html. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  8. ^ "To Attendees from Overseas: Comic Market (Comiket) 76". ComicMarket WebSite To Attendees from Overseas. Comiket Inc. http://www.comiket.co.jp/info-a/TAFO/C76TAFO/C76eng.html. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  9. ^ Mizoguchi Akiko (2003). "Male-Male Romance by and for Women in Japan: A History and the Subgenres of Yaoi Fictions". U.S.-Japan Women’s Journal, 25: 49-75.
  10. ^ Quen (August 17, 2009). "Record Numbers at Comiket 76: 560,000 Attendees". Sankaku Complex. http://www.sankakucomplex.com/2009/08/17/record-numbers-at-comiket-76-560000-attendees/. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 

External links


Coordinates: 35°37′51″N 139°47′48″E / 35.63083°N 139.79667°E / 35.63083; 139.79667


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