- Seán Hogan
Seán Hogan was one of the leaders of the South Tipperary Brigade of the
Irish Republican Army(IRA) during the Irish War of Independence.
21 January 1919, Hogan and Dan Breen, together with Seán Treacy, Seamus Robinsonand five other IRA members helped to ignite the conflict that was to become the Irish War of Independence. They shot dead two members of the Royal Irish Constabulary(RIC) - Constables McDonell and O’Connell - at Soloheadbegin County Tipperary. The RIC men were transporting geligniteexplosives, when they refused to surrender them, the IRA shot them dead. Robinson was the organiser of the action, while Treacy was the logistics expert.
"On the eventful day Dwyer saw the explosives, 160 pounds of gelignite, being loaded on a cart and heading off with a guard of two policemen. He cycled ahead and watched as they took the long route to the Soloheadbeg quarry. He took the short route and informed the anxious Volunteers of the convoy's size and movements. The horse was being led by two workmen, Edward Godfrey and Patrick Flynn, while the two policemen, Constables Patrick McDonnell and James O'Connell, walked behind with their rifles slung over their shoulders. As they passed Cranitch's Field near the quarry the policemen were called on to surrender by masked men. When they took up firing positions Seán Treacy, followed by Breen and Robinson, opened fire."
As a result of the action, South Tipperary was placed under
martial lawand declared a Special Military Area under The Defence of the Realm ActCreaner] .
After another member of the Soloheadbeg ambush party, Hogan was arrested on
12 May 1919the three others (Treacy, Breen and Seamus Robinson) were joined by five men from IRA East Limerick Brigade in order to organise Hogan's rescue. Hogan was being transported by train to Cork on 13 May 1919, and the men, lead by Treacy, boarded the train in Knocklong. A close-range shoot-out followed on the train. Treacy and Breen were seriously wounded in the gun fight, two policemen died, but Hogan was rescued. He was spirited away to Knocklong village where his handcuffs were cleaved by Séan Lynch, one of the rescuers, in the local butcher's shop.
Hogan took no part in the Civil War. He went back to farming in Donohill but sold the farm some time afterwards, he then bought a vegetable farm in County Dublin but this venture did not succeed. He married and had one son, Hugh. In later years he was in poor circumstances, he lived on his own in North Great George's Street, Dublin. Due to illness in his later years his memory was not quite so clear and his handwriting was almost illegible. He was also very disillusioned with the way the Irish people had developed their country from the time the Republic of Ireland gained freedom. He died aged sixty eight on Christmas Eve 1968. There was a brief reference to his death on
RTE.He is buried in the family grave in Tipperary town.
*cite book | author=Jim Maher | title=The Flying Column - West Kilkenny 1916-1921| publisher=Geography Publications| year=1988|
* [http://www.thewildgeese.com/pages/forgten7.html Wild Geese]
* [http://www.clarelibrary.ie/eolas/claremuseum/riches_of_clare/power/autograph_book5.htm Clare Library]
* [http://www.pgil-eirdata.org/html/pgil_datasets/authors/b/Breen,Dan/life.htm Eirdata.org]
* [http://republican-news.org/archive/1999/January21/21hist.html Republican News]
* [http://homepage.eircom.net/~tipperaryfame/independ.htm Eircom.net]
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