Architrave

Architrave

The architrave (also called epistyle or door frame) is a moulded or ornamental band framing a rectangular opening.cite book
last =Ching
first =Francis D.K.
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =A Visual Dictionary of Architecture
publisher =John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
date =1995
location =New York
pages =p. 179, 186
url =
doi =
id =
isbn = 0-471-edrftgyhujikolp
] It is the lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns. As such, it is the lowest part of the entablature consisting of architrave, frieze and cornice. The word is derived from the Greek and Latin words "arche" and "trabs" combined together to mean "main beam". [cite book | author=Roth, Leland M | title=Understanding Architecture: Its Elements History and Meaning | location=Oxford, UK | publisher=Westview Press | year=1993 | id=ISBN 0-06-430158-3|page=520]

The architrave is different in the different orders. In the Tuscan, it only consists of a plain face, crowned with a fillet, and is half a module in height. In the Doric and composite, it has two faces, or fasciae; and three in the Ionic and Corinthian, in which it is 10/12 of a module high, though but half a module in the rest. [1728]

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The word architrave is also used to refer to the mouldings (or other elements) framing a door, window or other rectangular opening. See also archivolt.

ee also

* Lintel

Footnotes


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  • architrave — [ arʃitrav ] n. f. • 1531; adj. arquitrave 1528; it. architrave « maîtresse poutre », lat. trabs, trabis « poutre » 1 ♦ Archit. Partie inférieure de l entablement qui porte directement sur le chapiteau de colonnes. ⇒ épistyle, linteau. « Deux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • architravé — architrave [ arʃitrav ] n. f. • 1531; adj. arquitrave 1528; it. architrave « maîtresse poutre », lat. trabs, trabis « poutre » 1 ♦ Archit. Partie inférieure de l entablement qui porte directement sur le chapiteau de colonnes. ⇒ épistyle, linteau …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Architrave — Ar chi*trave, n. [F. architrave, fr. It. architrave; pref. archi + trave beam, L. trabs.] (Arch.) (a) The lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column, esp. in classical architecture. See {Column}. (b) The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Architrave — de San Salvatore à Spolète en Italie L architrave, également appelé épistyle par les Anciens, est une partie de l entablement qui porte horizontalement sur les colonnes, dans l architecture antique et les styles qui s en inspirent. Bibliogr …   Wikipédia en Français

  • architravé — architravé, ée (ar chi tra vé, vée) adj. Terme d architecture. Une corniche architravée ou, simplement, une architravée, corniche à laquelle on a ajouté une architrave …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • architrave — (n.) 1560s, from It. architrave, from archi beginning, origin (see ARCHON (Cf. archon)) + trave beam, from L. trabem (nom. trabs) beam, timber, from PIE *treb dwelling (see THORP (Cf. thorp)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • architrave — ARCHITRAVE. sub. fém. Membre d Architecture, qui pose immédiatement sur le chapiteau des colonnes ou des pilastres, et au dessus duquel est la frise …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • architrave — en architecture est comme un sommier de pierre ou de charpenterie qui se met au dessus d un estage pour en continuer des autres en montant, Epistylium …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • architrave — ► NOUN 1) (in classical architecture) a main beam resting across the tops of columns. 2) the frame around a doorway or window. ORIGIN French, from Latin trabs a beam …   English terms dictionary

  • architrave — [är′kə trāv΄] n. [Fr < It < L archi , ARCHI + trabs, a beam: see TAVERN] Archit. 1. the lowest part of an entablature, a beam resting directly on the tops, or capitals, of the columns; epistyle: see ENTABLATURE 2. the molding around a… …   English World dictionary

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