NPP Zvezda

NPP Zvezda
NPP Zvezda logo.

Research & Development Production Enterprise Zvezda, or R&D PE Zvezda (Russian: НПП Звезда, NPP Zvezda) is a Russian manufacturer of life-support systems for high-altitude flight and human spaceflight. Its products include space suits, ejector seats, aircraft escape slides, lifejackets and fire extinguishers. It is based in Tomilino, near Moscow.

The organization was founded in 1952 to develop aviation pressure suits and in-flight refuelling systems for the USSR's space research programme. In the 1960s it began to design space suits, including the one worn by Yuri Gagarin. In 1965, a Berkut spacesuit was worn during the first spacewalk.[1] The Orlan-M space suit was used by cosmonauts in the Mir space station. Zvezda became a joint-stock company in 1994.

Zvezda's chevron logo on the Orlan space suit

Zvezda is also Russia's primary manufacturer of ejector seats for Russian fighter aircraft. The K-36 ejector seat was studied at length by the US Navy and Air Force; IBP Aircraft opened up a factory in the US to manufacture it for the F-22 Raptor and the Joint Strike Fighter.[citation needed] The US Government, however, selected the Martin-Baker seat from the United Kingdom for their new fighter jet. For improved pilot survivability, the Russian Kamov Ka-50 "Black Shark" helicopter is fitted with a NPP Zvezda K-37-800 ejection seat, which is a rare feature for a helicopter.[2] Before the rocket in the ejection seat kicks in, rotor blades are blown away by explosive charges in the rotor disc and the canopy is similarly jettisoned.

Guy Illich Severin was the General Director and General Designer of the company since 1964 up to 2008. Sergey S. Pozdnyakov has been Temporary General Director since 2008.

References

  1. ^ Portree, David S. F.; Robert C. Treviño (October 1997). "Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology" (PDF). Monographs in Aerospace History Series #7. NASA History Office. pp. 15–16. http://history.nasa.gov/monograph7.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-05. 
  2. ^ Donald, David and , Daniel J March. "Ka-50/52, Kamov's 'Hokum' family". p. 308. Modern Battlefield Warplanes. AIRtime Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-880588-76-5.

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NPP Zvezda — 55°39′54″N 37°56′36″E / 55.665, 37.94333 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • NPP Zvezdá — Para el módulo orbital de la Estación Espacial Internacional, véase Zvezda (módulo). Logo Zvezda en traje espacial Orlan. Zvezda (en ruso: НПП Звезда), es una compañía de capital conjunto rusa establecida en 1952 dedicada a la investigación,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zvezda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el módulo orbital de la Estación Espacial Internacional, véase Zvezda (módulo). Logo Zvezda en traje espacial Orlan Zvezda (en ruso: НПП Эвезда), es una compañía de capital conjunto r …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zvezdá — (Звезда) es una palabra rusa y que significa «estrella». Entre sus cognados en otras lenguas eslavas se encuentran gwiazda en polaco, hviezda en eslovaco, hvězda en checo, zvjezda en croata, звезда en serbio, звезда en búlgaro, zvijezda en bosnio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zvezda — may refer to: * Zvezda (film) * Zvezda (ISS), a component of the International Space Station *Zvezda (TV channel) *Zvezda Stadium, a multi use stadium in Perm, Russia *FC Zvezda BGU Minsk, a Belarusian soccer team *NPP Zvezda, Russian… …   Wikipedia

  • NPP —   Sigles d’une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres   Sigles de quatre lettres   Sigles de cinq lettres   Sigles de six lettres   Sigles de sept… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zvezda — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Zvezda, signifiant étoile dans plusieurs langues slaves (en cyrillique : Звезда) peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Toponymes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • NPP Swesda — Das Logo des Herstellers NPP Swesda (russisch НПП Звезда, englisch RD PE Zvezda) ist ein russischer Hersteller aus Tomilino bei Moskau von Lebenserhaltungssystemen für Flugzeuge und die bemannte Raumfahrt. Die Produktpalette reicht von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orlan space suit — Cosmonaut Maksim Surayev next to two Orlan MK models An Orlan space suit (Russian: Орлан meaning sea eagle) is a series of semi rigid one piece space suit models designed and built by NPP Zvezda. They have been used for spacewalks (EVAs) in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Guy Severin — Infobox Person name = Guy Ilyich Severin image size = caption = Guy Severin in 2001 on his 75th birthday birth date = birth date|1926|07|24 birth place = Chudovo, Leningrad Oblast (currently in Novgorod Oblast), USSR death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”