- St Erth
St Erth (Cornish: " Lannudhno"/"Praze Pras") is a
villageand civil parishin the Penwithdistrict of Cornwall, United Kingdom. The parish shares boundaries with Ludgvanin the west, Haylein the north, St Hilary in the south and the district of Kerrierin the east.
The village takes its name from
Saint Erc, one of the many Irish saints who brought Christianity to Cornwall during the Dark Ages, and is located at the old crossing point of the river Hayle.
The current church of St Erth was built around 1215, though an older church is said to have stood on St Erth Hill overlooking the village. St. Erth also has a railway station situated 0.75 miles from the village, along the branch line between St Ives and
The old coaching road once led through the village, before the building of the Causeway along the edge of the Hayle
Estuarybetween the wars. The Star Inn, in the village centre, is a fine coaching inndating from the fourteenth/fifteenth centuries. It was along this route that tin was carried upcountry from the stannaries of Penwith.
St Erth Pits was the site of choice for the extraction of clay for the fixing of candles to the helmets of miners. It also was the site of significant
fossilfinds and to this day is a Site of Special Scientific Interest(SSSI). However, the main use of the sandin this location was for the metal foundries throughout Cornwall and beyond. The sand grains are found coated with a thin film of clay. With gentle pressure and the correct percentage of water the sand grains will bind together and can be used for making a sand mouldinto which molten metals can be poured from making engineering castings. A good source of clay for the fixing of candles to the helmets of miners is St Agnes Beacon.
For the purposes of local government St Erth forms a civil parish and elects 11 parish councillors every 4 years to the St Erth parish council . The principal local authorities in the area are the
PenwithDistrict Council and the CornwallCounty Council.
* [http://crocat.cornwall.gov.uk/dserve/dserve.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=Overview.tcl&dsqSearch=((text)='st%20erth') Cornwall Record Office Online Catalogue for St Erth]
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