- Leopold I of Belgium
Infobox Belgian Royalty
name =Leopold I
title =King of the Belgians
21 July, 1831– 10 December, 1865(age|1831|7|21|1865|12|10 years)
caption =Leopold Saksen-Koburg as a Russian general
successor =Leopold II
Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales Louise-Marie of France
Louis-Philippe, Crown Prince of Belgium
Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
Charlotte, Empress of Mexico
royal house =
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
royal anthem =
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
mother =Countess Augusta Reuss
date of birth =birth date|1790|12|16|df=y
place of birth =Coburg,
date of death =death date and age|1865|12|10|1790|12|16|df=y
place of death =
Laeken/ Laken, Belgium
Leopold I ("Leopold George Christian Frederick" (in German "Leopold Georg Christian Friedrich") "Prince of
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld", later "Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha", "Duke of Saxony") ( 16 December, 1790– 10 December, 1865) was from 21 July, 1831the first King of the Belgians. He was the founder of the Belgian line of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. His children included Leopold II of Belgiumand Empress Carlota of Mexico.
He was born in
Coburgand died in Laeken.
He was the youngest son of
Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeldand Countess Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, and later became a prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gothaafter the territorial swap by his father of Ehrenburg Castle in the Bavarian town of Coburg. He was also an uncle of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
In 1795, as a mere child, Leopold was appointed
colonelof the Izmaylovsky Imperial Regiment in Russia. Seven years later he became a major general. When Napoleonic troops occupied the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg in 1806 Leopold went to Paris. Napoléon offered him the position of adjutant, but he refused. Instead he took up a military career in the Imperial Russian cavalry. He campaigned against Napoléon, and distinguished himself at the Battle of Kulmat the head of his cuirassierdivision. In 1815, Leopold reached the rank of lieutenant generalin the Imperial Russian Army.
Carlton Houseon 2 May, 1816, he married Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales, the only legitimate child of the British Prince Regent (later King George IV of the United Kingdom) and therefore heiress to the British throne, and was created a British field-marshal and Knight of the Garter. On 5 November, 1817, Princess Charlotte was delivered of a stillborn son; she herself died the following day. Had she lived, she would have become Queen of the United Kingdom on the death of her father, and Leopold presumably would have assumed the role later taken by his nephew, Prince Albert, as Prince Consort of Great Britain, and never chosen King of the Belgians. Despite Charlotte's death, the Prince Regent granted Prince Leopold the British style of "Royal Highness" by Order-in-Councilon 6 April 1818[ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/prince_highness_docs.htm#1816 Royal Styles and Titles – 1818 Order-in-Council] ] . In honor of his first wife, Leopold and Louise-Marie of France, his second wife, named their first daughter Charlotte, who would later become Empress Carlota of Mexico.
2 July, 1829, Leopold participated in nuptials of doubtful validity (a private marriage-contract with no religious or public ceremony) with the actress Caroline Bauer, created "Countess of Montgomery", a cousin of his advisor, Christian Friedrich Freiherr von Stockmar. The 'marriage' reportedly ended in 1831 and the following year he married Louise-Marie at the Château de Compiègne, in Compiègne, France, on 9 August, 1832.
King of the Belgians
Belgiumasserted its independence from the Netherlandson 4 October 1830, the Belgian National Congress, considered several candidates and eventually asked Leopold to become king of the newly formed country. He was elected on 4 Juneand accepted and became "King of the Belgians" on 26 June, 1831. He swore allegiance to the constitution in front of the Saint Jacob's Church at Coudenbergh Place in Brusselson 21 July 1831. This day became the Belgian national holiday. Jules Van Praetwould become his personal secretary. Less than two weeks later, on 2 August, the Netherlandsinvaded Belgium. Skirmishes continued for eight years, but in 1839 the two countries signed the Treaty of London establishing Belgium's independence. With the opening of the railway line between Brusselsand Mechelenon 5 May, 1835, one of King Leopold's fondest hopes—to build the first railway in continental Europe—became a reality.
Infobox Monarch styles
royal name=King Leopold I of the Belgians
altstyle=Sire| In 1840, Leopold arranged the marriage of his niece, Queen Victoria, the daughter of his sister,
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, to his nephew, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, son of his brother, Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Even before she succeeded to the throne, Leopold had been advising the then-Princess Victoria by letter, and after her accession, he was one of the great influences on her in the early days of her monarchy.
In 1842, Leopold tried unsuccessfully to pass laws to regulate female and
child labor. A wave of revolutions passed over Europeafter the deposition of King Louis-Philippe from the French throne in 1848. Belgiumremained neutral, mainly because of Leopold's diplomatic efforts.
11 October, 1850, Leopold again lost a young wife, as Queen Louise-Marie died of tuberculosis at age 38. At 11:45 am on 10 December 1865, the king died in Laken. He lies buried in the Royal vault at the Church of Our Lady, Laken Cemetery, Brussels, Belgium.
Descent before Conrad the Great is taken from [http://fabpedigree.com/s056/f354285.htm] and may be inaccurate.
House of Wettin
#Burkhard I, Duke of Thuringia, d. 870
Burchard, Duke of Thuringia, 836 - 908
#(possibly) Burkhard III of Grabfeldgau, 866 - 913
#Dedi I, Count of Hessegau, 896 - 957
#(probably) Dietrich I of Wettin, d. 976
#(possibly) Dedi II, Count of Hessegau, 946 - 1009
Dietrich II of Wettin, 991 - 1034
#Thimo I of Wettin, d. 1099
#Thimo II the Brave, Count of Wettin, d. 1118
Conrad, Margrave of Meissen, 1098 - 1157
Otto II, Margrave of Meissen, 1125 - 1190
Dietrich I, Margrave of Meissen, 1162 - 1221
Henry III, Margrave of Meissen, c. 1215 - 1288
Albert II, Margrave of Meissen, 1240 - 1314
Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen, 1257 - 1323
Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen, 1310 - 1349
Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia, 1332 - 1381
Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1370 - 1428
Frederick II, Elector of Saxony, 1412 - 1464
Ernest, Elector of Saxony, 1441 - 1486
John, Elector of Saxony, 1468 - 1532
John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1503 - 1554
Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1530 - 1573
John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1570 - 1605
Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha, 1601 - 1675
John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1658 - 1729
Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1697 - 1764
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1724 - 1800
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1750 - 1806
Kings of Belgium family tree
* Leopold I of Belgium has left such a legacy behind that he was selected as a motive for a very recent commemorative coin: the 12.50 euro 175th Anniversary of the Belgian Dynasty Coin. The obverse shows his portrait facing left.
Crown Council of Belgium
Louis-Joseph Seutin(1793-1862), personal doctor.
* [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/belgium.html Royal House of Belgium]
* [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/saxony.html Ducal House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha]
* [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/greatbritain.html Royal House of Great-Britain]
* [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/france.html Royal House of France]
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