Charles Martel of Anjou

Charles Martel of Anjou
Charles Martel of Anjou
titular King of Hungary
Spouse Klementia of Habsburg
Charles I of Hungary
Beatrix of Hungary
Clementia of Hungary
Father Charles II of Naples
Mother Maria of Hungary
Born 8 September 1271
Died 12 August 1295 (aged 23)

Charles Martel (8 September 1271 – 12 August 1295) of the Angevin dynasty, also known as Charles I Martel, (French: Charles Martel d'Anjou, Italian: Carlo Martello) was the eldest son of king Charles II of Naples and Maria of Hungary, the daughter of King Stephen V of Hungary.

The 18-year-old Charles Martel was set up by Pope Nicholas IV and the ecclesiastical party as the titular King of Hungary (1290–1295) as successor of his maternal uncle, the childless Ladislaus IV of Hungary against whom the Pope had already earlier declared a crusade.

He never managed to govern the Kingdom of Hungary, where an agnate of the Árpád dynasty, his cousin Andrew III of Hungary actually ruled that period. Charles Martel was, however, successful in asserting his claims in parts of Croatia, a kingdom then in personal union with Hungary.

Charles Martel died young in Naples, during the lifetime of his parents. His son, Charles (or Charles Robert), would ultimately succeed where he had failed in winning the throne of Hungary.

Charles was apparently known personally to Dante: in the Divine Comedy the poet speaks warmly of and to Charles's spirit when they meet in the Heaven of Venus.


He married Klementia of Habsburg (d.1295), daughter of Rudolph I, Holy Roman Emperor.

They had three children:



Further reading