Space (computer game)

Space (computer game)

"Space" is a text-based computer role-playing game franchise for the Apple II that was originally designed by Steven Pederson and Sherwin Steffin of Edu-Ware Services, and then expanded upon in a sequel by David Mullich, in 1979.cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Product Catalog |date=March 1, 1980 |publisher=Edu-Ware Services |location= |id= ] . These games were notable for not only being one of the first science fiction RPG's to appear on personal computers, but also for providing a level of realism not found in other games of the time.cite journal |last=Martellaro |first=John |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1980 |month= |title=Space & Space II |journal=Peelings II |volume=1 |issue=3 |pages=17–18 ]

Players begin by creating characters to play in a futuristic interstellar society and then enrolling them in one of the military services: Navy, Army, Scouts, Merchant Marines, and other Services. While in the service, players choose their character's training, provided they qualify for it. Depending upon characters' physical and mental abilities, they may learn such skills as brawling, bribery, swordsmanship, computers, interstellar navigation, spaceship piloting, and so on. Through training and study, characters can also increase their base physical and mental abilities.

Characters have a choice to leave the service after every four years of enlistment, provided that they have not been killed or suffered serious injury. After retiring from the service, characters can engage in one of the scenarios that are included with each version of the game. Scenarios can increase a character's wealth or grant possessions, but with the exception of the Psychodelia scenario in "Space II", they cannot voluntarily alter a character's abilities. However, most character traits degrade over time as the character ages during gameplay. If a character dies during any of the scenarios, the text file defining the character is immediately erased from the game disk.

The game system was based upon the "Traveller" role-playing-game, created by Game Designers Workshop, which sued Edu-Ware for copyright infringement in 1982.cite journal |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1982 |month= |title= |journal=Journel of the Travellers' Aid Society |volume=13 |issue= |pages= |id= |url=http://members.aol.com/wergames/travjourn.htm |accessdate=2006-09-25 |quotes= ] . In an out-of-court settlement, both "Space" and "Space II" were removed from the market.

pace

Infobox VG |title = Space


developer = Edu-Ware
publisher = Edu-Ware
designer = Steven Pederson
Sherwin Steffin
series =
engine =
version = 2.2
released =
genre = Role-playing game
modes = Single player
ratings =
platforms = Apple II
media = 5¼" disk
requirements = Applesoft, DOS 3.3, 48K RAM
input = Keyboard
Steve Pederson programmed the first game of the series, which features the following scenarios::cite book |last=Sherwin |first=Steffin |authorlink=Sherwin Steffin |coauthors= |editor= |others= |title=Space manual |url=http://www.apple2.org.za/gswv/a2zine/Docs/Space_I_docs.txt |format= |accessdate=2006-09-25 |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= |date= |year=1979 |month= |publisher=Edu-Ware Services]

* Explore: Characters decide with of several planets to explore, searching for food and minerals to sell back to the Federation.
* First Blood: Characters engage in combat with an adversary controlled by the computer. After a fight to the death, winning characters collect all the wealth of the losing character.
* Trader: Characters owning starships earn money by transport passengers and cargo.
* Defend: As an administrator of a planet far away from Earth, characters must defend colonists from an alien invasion.
* High Finance: Wealthy characters participate in the galactic stock market.

External links

*imdb title|id=0446787|title=Space (video game)
*moby game|id=/space-i|name="Space I"

pace II

Infobox VG |title = Space II


developer = Edu-Ware
publisher = Edu-Ware
designer = Steven Pederson (creator}
Sherwin Steffin (creator}
David Mullich (designer)
series =
engine =
version =
released =
genre = Role-playing game expansion pack
modes = Single player
ratings =
platforms = Apple II
media = 5¼" disk
requirements = Applesoft, DOS 3.3, 48K RAM
input = Keyboard
Later that year game developer David Mullich created "Space II", an expansion pack for the role-playing game, his first game for Edu-Ware. It consists of the character creation module and two additional game scenarios:cite book |last=Sherwin |first=Steffin |authorlink=Sherwin Steffin |coauthors= |editor= |others= |title=Space II manual |url=http://www.apple2.org.za/gswv/a2zine/Docs/Space_II_docs.txt |format= |accessdate=2006-09-25 |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= |date= |year=1979 |month= |publisher=Edu-Ware Services]

* Shaman: Characters launch their career as a religious practitioner who is tasked with building a cult on a new world, using an all-terrain vehicle to travel across the planet and accumulate followers.
* Psychodelia: Characters experiment with mind-altering drugs, which may boost or retard various traits, which is the only way they can be altered once a character leaves military service.

External links

*imdb title|id=0446035|title=Space II (video game)
*moby game|id=/space-ii|name="Space II"

Development

"Space" was conceived by Pederson and Steffin while the former was still attending college at UCLA. The two used the game concept to convince Rainbow Computing, a computer store that sold Edu-Ware games through its mail order catalog, to provide Pederson with an Apple II in exchange for receiving product at cost. When Pederson and Steffin learned that Rainbow had announced "Space" in its catalog before the game was completed, the two spent twenty-four straight hours debugging the game without the benefit of Edu-Ware even owning a printer at the time.cite journal |last=Tommervik |first=Allen |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1981 |month=May |title=Exec Edu-Ware |journal=Softalk |volume= |issue= |pages= 4, 6, 19 ]

Mullich wrote the sequel, "Space II", as an exercise in risk-benefit analysis, as the player's character is presented with dangerous options throughout the game, and the player must determine whether the potential rewards are worth the possible risks.

Reception

Both games were well-received critically, earning an "A-" rating in a 1980 "Peelings II" review.

Lawsuit

In 1982 Game Designers Workshop successfully sued Edu-Ware for copyright infringement of their "Traveller" pen-and-paper role-playing game. In an out of court settlement, EduWare suspended publication of "Space" and "Space II", but the company had already replaced both games with the "Empire" space trilogy, based on an original role-playing game system.cite web|url=http://www.tleaves.com/weblog/archives/000431.html |title=Tea Leaves: David Mullich: The Interview |accessdate=2006-09-25 |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year=2005 |month=August 16]

References


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