Dies natalis

Dies natalis

Dies natalis (Latin: "Natal Day" or "Day of Birth") is a composition by Gerald Finzi for solo soprano or tenor and string orchestra.



Dies Natalis is a cantata for solo voice and string orchestra. The opening introductory orchestral movement is followed by four movements for accompanied voice in which Finzi set mystical texts by the seventeenth century English poet Thomas Traherne. Finzi selected three of Traherne's poems, prefaced by prose drawn from the opening three sections of the Third Century in Centuries of Meditations.[1] Written from 1938–1939, the score was published in 1946.[2] Finzi himself conducted the work at the Three Choirs Festival in 1946.[3]

Dies natalis received its first recording, sponsored by the British Council, during Finzi's lifetime, only one of two recordings of his music made when the composer was alive. In 1964, his son Christopher Finzi conducted the work for its second recording.[4]


The work is in five movements:

  • 1. "Intrada"
  • 2. "Rhapsody" (Recitativo stromentato)
  • 3. "The Rapture" (Danza)
  • 4. "Wonder" (Arioso)
  • 5. "The Salutation" (Aria)

N.G. Long has analysed concisely Finzi's setting of the texts.[5]

Texts of sung movements

The following are the texts of movements 2,3, 4 and 5.


Will you see the infancy of this sublime and celestial greatness? I was a stranger, which at my entrance into the world was saluted and surrounded with innumerable joys: my knowledge was divine. I was entertained like an angel with the works of God in their splendour and glory. Heaven and Earth did sing my Creator's praises, and could not make more melody to Adam than to me. Certainly Adam in Paradise had not more sweet and curious apprehensions of the world than I. All appeared new, and strange at first, inexpressibly rare and delightful and beautiful. All things were spotless and pure and glorious.

The corn was orient and immortal wheat, which never should be reaped nor was ever sown. I thought it had stood from everlasting to everlasting. The green trees, when I saw them first, transported and ravished me, their sweetness and unusual beauty made my heart to leap, and almost mad with ecstasy, they were such strange and wonderful things.

O what venerable creatures did the aged seem! Immortal cherubims! and the young men glittering and sparkling angels, and maids strange seraphic pieces of life and beauty! I knew not that they were born or should die ; but all things abided eternally. I knew not that there were sins or complaints or laws. I dreamed not of poverties, contentions or vices. All tears and quarrels were hidden from mine eyes. I saw all in the peace of Eden. Everything was at rest, free and immortal.

The Rapture

Sweet Infancy!
O heavenly fire! O sacred Light!
How fair and bright!
How great am I
Whom the whole world doth magnify!

O heavenly Joy!
O great and sacred blessedness
Which I possess!
So great a joy
Who did into my arms convey?

From God above
Being sent, the gift doth me enflame,
To praise His Name.
The stars do move,
The sun doth shine, to show His Love.

O how divine
Am I! To all this sacred wealth
This life and health,
Who rais'd? Who mine
Did make the same! What hand divine!


How like an angel came I down!
How bright are all things here!
When first among His works I did appear
O how their glory me did crown!
The world resembled His Eternity
In which my soul did walk;
And every thing that I did see
Did with me talk.

The skies in their magnificence
The lovely, lively air,
O how divine, how soft, how sweet, how fair!
The stars did entertain my sense;
And all the works of God, so bright and pure,
So rich and great, did seem,
As if they ever must endure
In my esteem.

A native health and innocence
Within my bones did grow,
And while my God did all His Glories show,
I felt a vigour in my sense
That was all Spirit. I within did flow
With seas of life, like wine;
I nothing in the world did know
But 'twas Divine.

The Salutation

These little limbs, these eyes and hands which here I find,
This panting heart wherewith my life begins;
Where have ye been? Behind what curtain were ye from me hid so long?
Where was, in what abyss, my new-made tongue?

When silent I, so many thousand, thousand years
Beneath the dust did in a chaos lie, how could I smiles, or tears,
Or lips, or hands, or eyes, or ears perceive?
Welcome, ye treasures which I now receive.

From dust I rise and out of nothing now awake,
These brighter regions which salute my eyes,
A gift from God I take, the earth, the seas, the light, the lofty skies,
The sun and stars are mine: if these I prize.

A stranger here, strange things doth meet, strange glory see,
Strange treasures lodged in this fair world appear,
Strange, all, and new to me: But that they mine should be who nothing was,
That strangest is of all; yet brought to pass.



  1. ^ Russell, John (Autumn 1954). "Gerald Finzi: An English Composer". Tempo 33 (33): 9–15. JSTOR 195423). 
  2. ^ Boyd, C.M. (Autumn 1954). "Gerald Finzi and the Solo Song". Tempo 33 (33): 15–19. JSTOR 195423). 
  3. ^ Tancred, .; Tancred, . (October 1946). "The Three Choirs Festival, Hereford, September 8–14". The Musical Times (Musical Times Publications Ltd.) 87 (1244): 315–316. doi:10.2307/935378. JSTOR 935378. 
  4. ^ a b c d Diana McVeagh, "A Finzi Discography" (March 1981). Tempo (New Ser.), 136: pp. 19-22.
  5. ^ Boyd, C.M. (December 1946). "The Songs of Gerald Finzi". Tempo 2 (7): 7–11. JSTOR 194612). 
  6. ^ "Gramophone Records: Dies Natalis" (1964). The Musical Times, 105 (1457): p. 531.