George Ellery Hale

George Ellery Hale

Infobox Scientist
name = George Ellery Hale
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nationality = United States
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field = astronomy
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known_for = spectroheliograph
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George Ellery Hale (June 29 1868 – February 21 1938) was an American solar astronomer, born in Chicago. He was educated at MIT, at the Observatory of Harvard College, (1889-90), and at Berlin (1893-94). As an undergraduate at MIT, he invented the spectroheliograph, with which he made his discoveries of the solar vortices and magnetic fields of sun spots.

In 1890 he was appointed director of the Kenwood Astrophysical Observatory; he was professor of Astrophysics at Beloit College (1891-93; associate professor at the University of Chicago until 1897, and full professor (1897-1905). He was coeditor of "Astronomy and Astrophysics" in 1892-95 and after 1895 editor of the "Astrophysical Journal".

He helped found a number of observatories, including Yerkes Observatory, Mount Wilson Observatory, and the Hale Solar Laboratory. At Mount Wilson, he hired and encouraged Harlow Shapley and Edwin Hubble and did a great deal of fundraising, planning, organizing and promotion of astronomical institutions, societies and journals. Hale also played a central role in developing the California Institute of Technology into a leading research university and in building the Palomar Observatory.


*Henry Draper Medal in 1904.
*Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1904.
*Bruce Medal in 1916.
*Janssen Medal in 1917.
*Galileo Medal, Florence, in 1920.
*Actonian Prize in 1921.
*Copley Medal in 1932.
*Elliott Cresson Medal in Physics in 1926 - a Franklin Institute Award.
*Franklin Medal in Physics in 1927 from The Franklin Institute.

Named after him
*Hale Telescope at Palomar Observatory.
*22-year solar Hale cycle.
*Asteroid 1024 Hale.
*Hale crater on the Moon.
*Hale crater on Mars.
* George Ellery Hale Middle School, Woodland Hills, CA
*Hale House, Shoreland Hall, University of Chicago
*Hale Building, Pasadena, California

External links

* [ Bruce Medal page]
* [ Awarding of the Bruce Medal: PASP 28 (1916) 12]
* [ Awarding of the RAS gold medal: MNRAS 64 (1904) 388]
* [ The New Heavens] , 1922, by George Hale, from Project Gutenberg


* [ ApJ 87 (1938) 369]
* [ JRASC 32 (1938) 192]
* [ MNRAS 99 (1939) 322]
* [ PASP 50 (1938) 156]

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  • George Ellery Hale Middle School — is a public school located in the Woodland Hills area of Los Angeles, California, United States.Hale, a part of the Los Angeles Unified School District, serves portions of Woodland Hills and West Hills in Los Angeles. Famous Alumni *America… …   Wikipedia

  • George Ellery Hale Prize — The George Ellery Hale Prize, or Hale Prize, is awarded annually by the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society for outstanding contributions over an extended period of time to the field of solar astronomy. The prize is named… …   Wikipedia

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  • Hale,George Ellery — Hale, George Ellery. 1868 1938. American astrophysicist who invented the spectroheliograph (1891) and directed the Mount Wilson Observatory (1904 1923). * * * …   Universalium

  • Hale, George Ellery — ▪ American astronomer born June 29, 1868, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Feb. 21, 1938, Pasadena, Calif.       American astronomer known for his development of important astronomical instruments, including the Hale Telescope, a 200 inch (508 cm)… …   Universalium

  • Hale , George Ellery — (1868–1938) American astrophysicist Hale s father, William Hale, was a wealthy manufacturer of elevators in Chicago, Illinois, who stimulated in his son an early interest in designing and making his own instruments. This interest was directed to… …   Scientists

  • George Hale — George Ellery Hale Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hale. George Ellery Hale, vers 1905, dans son bureau du Mont Wilson George El …   Wikipédia en Français

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