- Pim Fortuyn List
Pim Fortuyn List ("Lijst Pim Fortuyn", LPF) is a defunct
political partyin the Netherlands.
Pim Fortuyn and his party
Pim Fortuynbegan organising the party on February 11, 2002, theday after he had been dismissed as lijsttrekkerby the Leefbaar Nederlandparty. The new party would have allowed him to take part in the May 15parliamentary elections. Fortuyn was a forceful debater and a strong critic of the government of the day.
March 21the party announced its list of candidates, most of whom had no previous political background. The party's main political issues were:
*Tougher action against immigrants who did not assimilate into Dutch culture
*Stronger measures to fight
*Reduction of teacher shortages in schools
*Shortening of waiting lists for
The immigration issue caused heated debates. Fortuyn was accused of being a racist; an accusation which he denied. He did not advocate deporting immigrants already in the country, nor closing all borders, though he did advocate setting an immigration quota that would prohibit Muslims from entering the country. In addition, he advocated revoking the first article of the Dutch
constitutionwhich prohibits discrimination if the excercise of that article would conflict with the freedom of speech. Although his statement could be interpreted as preferencing one fundamental freedom over another, it was widely understood as a plea against the Article 1 of the Dutch constitution itself.
The assassination of Fortuyn
Fortuyn was assassinated on
May 6. Even though the assassin, Volkert van der Graaf, was caught immediately, members of the LPF floated a vast array of conspiracy theories about who they thought were ultimately responsible for the murder.
However, the investigators of the crime could not find evidence that suggested the murderer had acted with others.
The 2002 elections, and participation in the first Balkenende cabinet
The party decided to maintain Fortuyn's candidacy for the elections, and delay naming a new leader until after the elections. The elections proved a great success for the LPF. They won 26 seats out of 150, becoming the second-largest party in parliament. It is still unclear how many voters based their choice on political conviction and how many voted for the LPF because its leader had been murdered; many voters gave one or both reasons.
Mat Herbenwas chosen to be the new party leader. Together with the CDA (Christian Democrats) and the VVD(Liberals) the party formed part of the governing coalition, supplying several members of Balkenende's cabinet.
Chaos started the day the cabinet was installed. Only nine hours after the queen had sworn in the cabinet members, junior minister
Philomena Bijlhouthad to resign, following an event at the post-ceremony press conference. A journalist showed her a photograph of her wearing a military uniform, in a militia of Dési Bouterse,and Bijlhout identified herself in the photo. The photograph proved that she had been a member of the militia for longer than she had previously admitted, through the period of the notorious Suriname "December murders" in 1982. Balkenende and Herben forced her to resign following this revelation. A new controversy developed after Bijlhout stated that she would not give up the unemployment benefits she was entitled to for two years, based on her ministerial salary. The party experienced great difficulty in finding a replacement for her in the cabinet, to the increasing impatience of the other coalition parties.
A few days later, July 26, the new minister for health,
Eduard Bomhoff,was reportedly wanting to dismiss one of his top officials, Peter van Lieshout. However, the employment of top officials in the Netherlands is coordinated bythe ministry of internal affairs and the minister Johan Remkessaid heneeded good grounds before dismissing somebody. Lieshout was eventually transferred to another department.
Continuous bickering and scandals within the LPF party as a whole, within the LPF parliament faction, between LPF ministers and high-ranking government officials and between LPF officials and the press went on daily for two months. Party officials came and went. The LPF lost two seats in parliament when
Winnie de Jongand Cor Eberhardleft the party and started a new faction, after they accused the party of lack of internal democracy. Mat Herben was replaced by Harry Wijnschenkas parliamentary faction leader. In the few weeks that Wijnschenk presided things got out of hand even further. Herben was reinstated the day before the cabinet fell.
October 16, after only 86 days, the new cabinet fell, mainly because the CDA and VVD faction leaders found the LPF to be a liability. The reason for this was the open animosity between the two LPF ministers, Eduard Bomhoff (vice prime minister) and Herman Heinsbroek(soon claiming this post for himself, with support of the faction leader). But in an interview with Elsevier on April 12, 2006, Maxime Verhagen, the then parliamentary leader of the CDA, said that this feud was not the actual reason for the fall of the cabinet, but the fact that Harry Wijnschenk was threatened -with a pistol - by someone from his own party. Wijnschenk supposedly informed Verhagen of this threat in Verhagen's office the same day the cabinet fell, but Wijnschenk himself denies this.
Elections 2003 and internal disagreement
A political poll held the day before the cabinet fell, showed that popular support for the LPF had vanished. If new elections would be held, the LPF would lose 23 of its original 26 seats in parliament.Mat Herben, back in office of parliamentary party leaders for one day when the cabinet fell, argued on television that the LPF should choose Heinsbroek as political leader to lead the party toward the new elections that by law had to be held within 83 days, only to learn the next day that Heinsbroek publicly stated he was considering starting his own party - later registered as
Lijst Nieuwe Politiek. Winnie de Jongalso established her own party: Conservatieven.nl.
Two days after the fall of the cabinet Harry Wijnschenk, who had clearly been unable to lead the party and had unanimously been asked to resign and hand back the position to his predecessor Mat Herben, decided to leave the LPF and continue as a one man parliamentary faction.
Mat Herben led the party to the elections of
January 22 2003. During the campaign, the party recovered slightly from a low point in the polls of only two seats, and ended up with 8 seats. By 2005 however, polls showed a further drop to just one seat.
2004, the eight Members of Parliament for the LPF separated themselves from the rest of the party, and continued on their own. They wanted to keep LPF as their party's name, but obviously the "other" LPF refused to share their name. The chaos continued when in 2005, member of parliament Hilbrand Nawijnstarted another controversy because of his association with Filip Dewinter, leader of the Belgian Vlaams Belang. This led to his separation of the fraction, forming his own one man party Group Nawijn. Nawijn is seen as a non-figure in Dutch politics, and polled for no seats in parliament. The connection with the Vlaams Belang is over; he said there are no structural connections planned. The last polls before the 2006 General Election correctly predicted the LPF not gathering enough votes to reach the Tweede Kamer.
The LPF participated in the 2006 Dutch elections under the name "Lijst Vijf Fortuyn" (List Five Fortuyn). On September 25, 2006, the party released their campaign commercial, which features a new party leader coming down from "heaven" with a parachute, presenting himself as a "reincarnation" of Pim Fortuyn. [http://www.planet.nl/planet/show/id=62967/contentid=760579/sc=42d080] Marten Fortuyn, brother of the slain politician Pim Fortuyn, reacted on the campaign spot, saying that it was "outrageous and tasteless." [http://www.rtl.nl/(/actueel/rtlnieuws/)/components/actueel/rtlnieuws/2006/09_september/25/binnenland/0925_1800_woedend_om_lvfortuyn.xml]
During the elections, Lijst Vijf Fortuyn did not receive enough votes to secure even a single seat a seat in the Tweede Kamer, theor support having dwindled to a 22,000 votes. On 20 August 2007, the LPF decided the party would dissolve itself, effective 1 January 2008. There are still five municipalities in which the LPF had councillors and these will remain in office at least until the next local elections in 2010. [http://www.ad.nl/binnenland/article1527631.ece]
* [http://lijst5fortuyn.nl/ Official web site]
* [http://tcrnews2.com/PimFortyun.html The Tragedy of Pim Fortuyn, Catholic perspective]
*nl icon [http://www.rtl.nl/system/video/wvx/components/actueel/rtlnieuws/miMedia/2006/week39/ma_1800_stuger.avi_plain.xml/805.wvx Het gewraakte LPF-spotje] Campaign Spot for the 2006 elections
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