- Ike Turner
Infobox musical artist 2
Name = Ike Turner
Img_capt = Ike Turner at the
Long Beach Blues Festival, 1997
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name = Ike Wister Turner
Born = birth date|1931|11|5
Clarksdale, Mississippi, USA
Died = death date and age|2007|12|12|1931|11|5
San Marcos, California, USA
Guitar, piano, vocals
Genre = R&B, funk,
soul-blues, Memphis blues, rock and roll
Occupation = musician
Years_active = 1951-2007
Tina Turner, The Kings of Rhythm
URL = [http://www.iketurner.com www.iketurner.com]
Ike Wister Turner (
November 5 1931[ [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:dnfwxq85ldhe http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:dnfwxq85ldhe] ] [ [http://www.stlouiswalkoffame.org/inductees/ike-turner.html http://www.stlouiswalkoffame.org/inductees/ike-turner.html] ] – December 12 2007) was an American musician, bandleader, talent scout, and record producer. His first recording, " Rocket 88" by " Jackie Brenstonand his Delta Cats," in 1951, is considered by some to be the "first rock and roll song" ever. However, he is best known for his work with his then wife Tina Turneras one half of the Ike & Tina Turnerduo. Spanning a career that lasted half a century, Ike's repertoire included blues, soul, rock, and funk. Alongside his former wife, he was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Famein 1991 and in 2001 was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame. Turner won two Grammy Awards.
Early life and career
Turner was born in Clarksdale,
Mississippion November 5, 1931, to Beatrice Cushenberry, a seamstressand Izear Luster Turner, a Baptistminister. Ike was the younger of two siblings, he had an elder sister, Lee Ethel [EBONY magazine, pg. 97, "The Last Days of Ike Turner" by Margena A. Christian] . Ike got his first taste of pleasing an audience at the age of eight working at the local Clarksdale radio station, WROX, located in the Alcazar Hotel in downtown Clarksdale. A man in charge of the station put Turner to work as he watched the record turntables. Said Turner:
Turner was soon carrying amplifiers for blues singer
Robert Nighthawk, who often played live on WROX. Ike was mesmerized by Nighthawk's playing, but nothing could equal the experience of hearing Pinetop Perkinson piano for the first time. Growing up, his idol Pinetop Perkinshelped teach the young Ike to play boogie-woogieon the piano. Ike soon was enamored of other blues artists such as Howlin' Wolf, Sonny Boy Williamson(Rice Miller), Charley Booker, Elmore James, Muddy Watersand Little Walter[ [http://www.austinchronicle.com/gyrobase/Issue/story?oid=oid%3A80925 The Austin Chronicle: Music: Spotlight: Ike Turner: Antone's, Midnight ] ]
Many sources state Turner's real name to be "Izear Luster Turner, Jr." however, in his autobiography "Takin' Back My Name", it is stated as "Ike Wister Turner." In the book, Turner explains about this confusion. His father, Izear Luster Turner, was a minister for the local church. Turner had thought he was named Izear Luster Turner, Jr. after his father, until he found out that his name was registered as Ike Wister Turner while applying for his first passport. He never got to discover the origin of his name, as by the time he discovered it, his parents were both dead.
Ike Turner's actual music career began in earnest in the late-1940s where he formed a group whom he christened "The Kings of Rhythm". In 1951, the band recorded what some historians have debated as "the
first rock and roll record" with " Rocket 88", credited to Jackie Brenstonand His Delta Cats (this band did not actually exist). Brenston was both the band's saxophonistand the lead vocalist of the song, and on the original Chess release was listed as the song's writer. "Rocket 88" was produced at Sun Studioin Memphis by Sam Phillips. The record was one of the first examples of guitar distortion, which happened by accident when one of the amplifiers was dropped before the recording.
Ike and the Kings of Rhythm settled into local fame in St. Louis where the band locally recorded for a St. Louis label and even appeared on local television shows. Throughout this early period, Turner became a recording scout and A&R man for independent record companies including
Sun Records- where "Rocket 88" was recorded, helping the likes of Howlin' Wolf, Sonny Boy Williamson, Elmore James and Otis Rushget signed. He also became a sideman playing guitar for these blues acts and more. Musically, Turner was known for his hard-hitting guitar style. He was known to put the whammy barof his Fender Stratocasterto frequent use.
Turner's music career changed drastically after meeting a teenage singer from
Nutbush, Tennessee, named Anna Mae Bullock, who demandingly grabbed a microphone during a singing session at one of St. Louis' nightspots and sang a B. B. Kingsong in her now-trademark throated raspy vocals. Bullock's performance impressed Ike so much he allowed Anna to join his band as a background singer. However within a year, Ike's plans for Bullock changed after Anna recorded what he originally stated was a demo for a song that was to be sung by a male vocalist. After hearing her vocals, he let it be released under an independent label and in the process changed the name of the singer from Anna Mae Bullock to Tina Turner - naming her after "Sheena" - and the name of the band to the "Ike & Tina Turner Revue". It is believed that this singular act is what propelled the now "Tina Turner" into the spotlight, creating a music mogul that would last decades. " A Fool in Love" became a national hit in early 1960, reaching the top three in the R&B charts and becoming a top thirty pop hit in the process. From then until 1976, Ike and Tina Turner became one of the most explosive duos in rock & soul music. The creation of the revue also led to the soul revues of the 1960s. Inspired by Ray Charles, Turner created a trio of sexy background singers and dancers who were named The Iketteswho often had their moves choreographed by Tina and Ike. The Turners eventually scored several hit singles including Rose Marie McCoy's " It's Gonna Work Out Fine", " River Deep - Mountain High", " I Want To Take You Higher", " Proud Mary", and " Nutbush City Limits" over thirteen years.
The success the duo contributed eventually led to the creation of the
Los Angeles-based Bolic Sounds studio, founded by Ike. However, after Tina abruptly left Ike after a violent altercation in 1976, Ike lost ground in the national music market. As a solo artist, he struggled to find success after Tina and after releasing two failed solo albums, had found himself facing drug and weapons charges, of which he was convicted in 1989. After the musical legends arrest and prison term Ike was released from prison in 1993. Ike enjoyed a long period of sobriety (NO drug use). During this time he recorded two solo albums in his own studio, and he wrote his autobiography called "Taking Back My Name". He also re-recorded "I'm Blue (The Gong Gong Song)" in a duet style with Singer, Billy Rogers. The Ike Turner & Billy Rogers remake of the song "I'm Blue" as produced by Billy Rogers received very strong reviews from "Billboard" Magazine, Larry Flick, Singles Reviews published January 14th 1995.
The musician went back on the road and back into recording music, which continued until his death. In 2001, Ike released the Grammy-nominated "Here & Now" album. Three years later, he was awarded with an "Heroes Award" from the Memphis charter of NARAS. In 2005, he appeared on the
Gorillaz' album, " Demon Days", playing piano on the track, " Every Planet We Reach Is Dead". He played live with the band on the band's world tour to that particular song. In 2007, Ike won his first solo Grammy in the Best Traditional Blues Album category for the album, "Risin' With the Blues" which was Mixed at Future Sound Studios by Rene Van Verseveld. Before his death, a collaboration between Turner and the rock band, The Black Keys, by Gorillaz' producer Danger Mousewas expected in 2008.
Turner is known to have married four times publicly. Turner's first marriage was to Lorraine Taylor, who had two sons with Ike. The facts surrounding his second marriage to
Tina Turner(Anna Mae Bullock) have been hotly debated. It is believed that Ike married Tina in 1962 due to worries over being sued for child supportand alimonypayments by Taylor . The ceremony is claimed to have taken place in Tijuana, Mexico, and Tina had a son with Ike. However, their marriage was overshadowed by Ike's constant abuse towards her. Ike is said to have openly cheated on Tina with other women, one of whom was former Ikette, Ann Thomas, by whom he had a baby and whom he later married in 1981. In 1995, he married Ikette, Jeanette Bazzell, and in 2006 married Ikette Audrey Madison. Ike has four known biological children: sons, Ike Jr., Michael and Ronald and daughter, Mia. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CEFDB153EF936A3575AC0A967958260 New York Times] Tina's son Craig carries the Turner name.
In the mid-1980s, Turner was convicted of drug-related charges and sentenced to several years in a California state prison. Turner was still in prison pleading parole when he and Tina were inducted to the
Rock & Roll Hall of Famein 1991, which Phil Spectoraccepted on their behalf (Tina was working on an album at the time).
In 2001, Turner's long-awaited autobiography, "Takin' Back My Name" (ISBN 1-85227-850-1), was published. In Tina Turner's 1986
autobiography, " I, Tina", later filmed as "What's Love Got to Do with It?", Tina accused Ike of violent spousal abuse, which Ike repeatedly denied for many years. However, in his 2001 autobiography Ike admitted, "Sure, I've slapped Tina... There have been times when I punched her to the ground without thinking. But I have never beat her."
Ike converted to Judaism in 1994. During his interview with NPR's
Terry Grosson " Fresh Air", Ike claimed that he and Tina Turner were never married, and that she took his name in order to discourage a former lover from returning to her. [ [http://www.npr.org/templates/rundowns/rundown.php?prgId=13&agg=0&prgDate=12-14-2007&view=storyview Fresh Air from WHYY : NPR ] ] . On October 17, 2007, in a telephone interview conducted by radio personality Howard Stern, Ike reiterated his claim that he and Tina Turner were never actually married.
Turner died on
December 12, 2007at 76 years of age at his home in San Marcos, California, near San Diego. [cite web|url=http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2007-12-12-ike-turner-obit_N.htm |title=Ike Turner: A tarnished rock legend |accessdate=2007-12-23 |author=Ken Barnes |date= 2007-12-12|work= USA Today] He was found by his ex wife Ann Thomas. Little Richardwas asked by the family to speak at the funeral. He preached a brief, powerful and sobering message. [cite web|url=http://vids.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=vids.individual&videoid=27868760 |title=Little Richard speaks at Ike Turner's Funeral] On January 16, 2008 it was reported by the San Diego County Medical Examiner's Office that Turner died from a cocaineoverdose. "The cause of death for Ike Turner is cocaine toxicity with other significant conditions," such as hypertensive cardiovascular diseaseand pulmonary emphysema, Supervising Medical Examiner Investigator Paul Parker told CNN. [cite news |title=Medical examiner says Ike Turner died of cocaine overdose.|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Music/01/16/iketurner.cocaine/?iref=mpstoryview |publisher=CNN.com |date=2008-01-17 |accessdate=2008-01-17 ]
Parody in Popular Culture
On the sketch comedy show "
In Living Color", Ike was depicted, as played by David Alan Grier, as a pathetic has-been who jumps to violence and makes no attempt to hide his drug habit or abuse of Tina. In one skit, he sang a parody of Tina's song "What's Love Got To Do With It", in which he (still wearing his 70's clothes), sings proudly of his abusive personality. The video also parodies Tina's video; whereas in her video Tina walks around stopping couples who are fighting, Ike walks around to couples and gives the men weapons.John Boy and Billy parody Ike in "Axe Ike".
Ike & Tina Turner
*1994: "I'm Blue (Gong Gong Song REMAKE (Ike Turner & Billy Rogers CD)"
*2004: " Here and Now"
Rising with the Blues"
* [http://www.iketurner.com Ike's Homepage] on the internet
* [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article3045562.ece Obituary in "The Times", 14 December 2007]
* [http://www.bet.com/Music/News/Obituary_Ike_Turner.htm?cid=vmWiki BET's Tribute] to Ike
* [http://www.stlouiswalkoffame.org/inductees/ike-turner.html Turner's Entry] on the St. Louis Walk of Fame
* [http://www.jeffosretromusic.com/ike.html Ike Turner Article - by Dr. Frank Hoffmann]
NAME = Turner, Ike Wister
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = American musician
DATE OF BIRTH =
November 5, 1931
PLACE OF BIRTH =
Clarksdale, Mississippi, United States
DATE OF DEATH =
December 12, 2007
PLACE OF DEATH =
San Marcos, California, United States
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.