Republic of Singapore Air Force

Republic of Singapore Air Force

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Republic of Singapore Air Force

caption=RSAF Service Flag
start_date=April 1, 1975
branch=Air Force
role=Air supremacy / defence
size=13,500 personnel
300+ aircraft
command_structure=Singapore Armed Forces
current_commander=Major General Ng Chee Khern
current_commander_label=Chief of Air Force
identification_symbol_label=RSAF crest
identification_symbol_2_label=RSAF roundel - 3rd Generation (1990-present)
identification_symbol_3_label= RSAF low visibility roundel
aircraft_attack=F-15SG, AH-64D
aircraft_fighter=F-16C/D, F-5S/T
aircraft_patrol=E-2C, G550 AEW&C, F50 ME2
aircraft_recon=E-2C, G550 AEW&C, F50 ME2, RF-5S
aircraft_trainer=S211, PC-21, TA-4SU, EC120
aircraft_transport=C-130H, F50 UTL, KC-135R, CH-47SD, Super Puma

The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay "Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura") is the air force branch of the Singapore Armed Forces. It was first established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). [cite web |title= History of RSAF |url=
publisher= MINDEF |date= 2007-02-07 |accessdate= 2008-09-25

Mission Statement

The following excerpts was taken from the [ official homepage of the Republic of Singapore Air Force] : -

:cquote|"The RSAF aims to be among the best. To be a First Class Air Force, our people must also be among the best Air Force professionals in the world. To this end, the RSAF will strive...
* To achieve mission excellence in all aspects of operations both in peace and in war. We will fight as an integrated force with a broad spectrum of capabilities to achieve the SAF's mission.
* To be a First Class learning organisation. We will develop our most important resource, our people, to their fullest potential through challenging and rewarding careers.
* To be best-trained. We will adopt a global training outlook to achieve professional excellence and combat readiness, whilst ensuring zero accidents.
* To achieve superior logistics. We will be agile and focused, ensuring mission effectiveness and operational success through speed and sustainment.
* To exploit leading edge technology. We will leverage on enabling technologies as force multipliers to hone the RSAF's fighting edge."|20px|20px|

Formation History

In January 1968, the British announced the imminent withdrawal of all their troops east of Suez by the end of 1971. Prior to then, Singapore had depended completely on Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF) for its air defence, while the newly established Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) had concentrated its efforts mainly on building up the army.

The predecessor to the RSAF, the SADC, was formed in September 1968. The SADC’s immediate task was to set up the Flying Training School to train pilots. Qualified flying instructors were obtained through Airwork Services Limited, a UK-based company specializing in defence services. Basic training for pilots was carried out using two Cessna light aircraft hired from the Singapore Flying Club. The SADC also enlisted the help of the Royal Air Force which introduced the first flying training syllabus and provided two ex-RAF pilots as instructors, as well as facilities and services at Seletar Airport. Finally, the first batch of six pilot trainees were sent to the United Kingdom in August 1968 to undergo training in various technical disciplines. The training was based on the Hawker Hunter, the SADC’s first air defence fighter. The following month, another pioneer group of technicians, this time from the rotary wing, were sent to France to begin their technical training on the Alouette III helicopter. In 1969, a number of local RAF technicians were released to join the fledging SADC. These local technicians had experience working on fixed-wing RAF aircraft such as the Hawker Hunter Javelin, Canberra, Lightning, Shackleton and Nimrod; as well as rotary-wing RAF aircraft such as the Bristol Belvedere, Westland Wessex and Westland Whirlwind.

Eight Cessna 172-K aircraft – the SADC’s first – arrived in May 1969 to be used for basic pilot training. [cite web |title= Arrival of Cessna 172K - A Boost to our Fledgling Air Force |url= |publisher= MINDEF |date= 2004-05-07 |accessdate= 2008-09-25] By December, the first batch of students completed the course. Of these, six were sent to the UK to receive further training. On their return to Singapore in 1970, they were ready to operate the then newly-acquired Hawker Hunter fighter aircraft.

The pace of training pilots and ground crew picked up gradually. On August 1, 1969, Minister for the Interior and Defence, Lim Kim San, inaugurated the Flying Training School (FTS) at Tengah Air Base (then known as RAF Tengah). The inauguration of FTS brought SADC closer to its goal of fulfilling the heavy responsibility of defending Singapore's airspace.

The subsequent arrival of the BAC Strikemasters in 1969, used for advanced phase flying training, meant that pilot trainees were now able to earn their initial wings locally rather than overseas. The first batch of locally trained fighter pilots were trained at the FTS and graduated in November 1970. Amongst this batch was 2LT Goh Yong Siang, who later rose to the appointment of Chief of Air Force on July 1, 1995. Gradually, the SADC had its own pilots, flying instructors, air traffic controllers, and ground crew.

When Britain brought forward its plan to withdraw its forces by September 1971, the SADC was suddenly entrusted with a huge responsibility and resources. Britain’s former air bases – Tengah, Seletar, Sembawang and Changi – were handed over to the SADC, as well as its air defence radar station and Bloodhound II surface-to-air missiles.

In 1973, the SADC procured Shorts Skyvan search-and-locate aircraft and A-4 Skyhawk fighter-bombers. With a reliable mix of fighters, fighter-bombers, helicopters and transport aircraft, the SADC was ready to assume the functions of a full-fledged air force. In April 1975, the SADC was renamed the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF).


The RSAF is led by the Chief of the Air Force (CAF). The current CAF is Major General Ng Chee Khern; one of the first F-16 pilots in Singapore. He took over office from Major General Lim Kim Choon, who retired in March 2006 after serving in the position for five years. The CAF reports directly to the Chief of Defence Force and is assisted by the Chief of Staff (Air Staff). The Air Staff comprises six functional departments: Air Manpower, Air Intelligence, Air Operations, Air Logistics, Air Plans and Air Training. There are also two specialist departments: the Air Force Inspectorate (AFI) and the Office of the Chief Air Force Medical Officer (CAMO).

The organisation chart below shows the administrative chain of command with seven formations: Tengah Air Base, Paya Lebar Air Base, Changi Air Base (West), Changi Air Base (East), Sembawang Air Base, Air Defence Systems Division (ADSD) and the Tactical Air Support Command (TASC).

In 05 January 2007, Minister for Defence, Teo Chee Hean announced that the Air Force organisation chart will be re-structured into five major commands, namely the Air Defence Operations Command (ADOC),the Air Combat Command (ACC), the Participation Command (PC), the Air Power Generation Command (APGC) and the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Command (UC). The first to be inaugurated was ADOC, along the restructuring announcement. [ [ 3G RSAF to be Reorganised into Five Commands] ]

ADOC is the principal agency in charge of planning and executing peacetime operations and air defence. ADOC is also responsible for the development and operational readiness of the command and control and ground-based air defence units of the RSAF. ADOC has 4 groups are its command. There are Operations Planning and Development Group (OPDG), formerly under Air Operations Department, Air Force Operations Group (AFOG), National Air Defence Group (ADG), Divisional Air Defence Group (DAG).

UAV Command was the second command to be inaugurated and become operational in May 2007 [ [ Inauguration of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Command] ] . The main structures under UC are Operations & System Development Group (OSDG), headed by the Deputy Commander of UC and Squadrons and UAV Training School (UTS).

The next command to be inaugurated was PC in January 2008 [ [ RSAF Inaugurates Participation Command] ] . Participation Command comprises the Operations Development Group (ODG), the Helicopter Group (HeliG), the Tactical Air Support Group (TASG), and the Divisional Air Defence Group (DAG).

The last two commands, ACC and APGC, were inaugurated together in August 2008 in conjunction with the RSAF 40th Anniversary. The ACC will bring together fighter and transport squadrons under one command, with central planning, control and execution of the air battle in operations. The APGC will enhance the missions of the ACC by ensuring that all air bases remain operational at all times, as well as improving the servicing and turn-around of aircraft to ensure continuous and responsive operations.

The ACC is responsible for the planning, control and execution of the air battle in operations. It brings together all fighter and transport squadrons that will carry out these tasks under a single command which will be responsible for training the pilots and aircrew to think and operate in a fully integrated way. The ACC consists of the Integrated System Development Group (ISDG), Operations Development Group (ODG), Integrated System Development Group (ISDG), Fighter Group (FG) and Transport Group (TG).

The APGC is set up to enable the RSAF to generate and sustain effective, timely and robust air power to meet the operational needs of the SAF. With the APGC, higher operational efficiency within each RSAF Air Base, and secondly, greater integration across the four bases are achieved. The APGC consists of the Operations Development Group (ODG) and four air bases: Changi Air Base, Paya Lebar Air Base, Sembawang Air Base and Tengah Air Base. The four support squadrons still remain organic to each Base but are under direct command of APGC. These four squadrons are , Airfield Maintainece Squadon (AMS), Ground Logistics Squadron (GLS), Field Defence Squadron (FDS) and Flying Support Squadron (FSS).


The backbone of the RSAF is formed by the Block 52/52+ F-16 Fighting Falcons. These are armed with US-supplied AIM-120C AMRAAM missiles and LANTIRN targeting pods, laser guided munitions and conformal fuel tanks for long-range strike.

While initially having bought as many as 70 F-16 planes, the early Block 15OCU models will be delivered to Thailand as rent for Udon Royal Thai Air Force Base in north-east of Thailand. This would mean that the RSAF will operate only the Block 52/52+ models and as many as 62 F-16CJ/DJ planes. The initial Block 15OCU aircraft are believed to be upgraded to "Falcon One" standard by ST Aerospace before the transfer.

Due to severe airspace constraints within Singapore, the RSAF operates its aircraft in several overseas locations in order to provide greater exposure to its pilots. With the F-16C/D Fighting Falcons, KC-135R Stratotankers, AH-64D Apaches and CH-47SD Chinook helicopters based in the USA, the Marchetti S-211s, PC-21s, and Super Puma helicopters in Australia, and the TA-4SU Super Skyhawks in France, almost one third of the force's inventory is based outside Singapore.

In 1994, the RSAF commenced a modernisation program for its fleet of approximately 40 operational (R)F-5E and F-5F aircraft. The upgrade was performed by Singapore Technologies Aerospace (STAero) and the upgraded aircraft were designated (R)F-5S and F-5T respectively, operating from Paya Lebar Air Base. These upgraded F-5S/T, equipped with the Galileo Avionica's FIAR Grifo-F X-band Radar [cite web |url= |title= Grifo-F Radar Specifications |publisher= Official Finmeccanica website] [cite web |url= |title= Latest upgrades of Singaporean F-5E Tiger-II (pdf format) |publisher= The Italian Industries Association for Aerospace, Systems and Defence] are thought to be capable of firing the AIM-120 AMRAAM missile but to date, no actual live-firing has actually been reported. For in-flight refuelling, four KC-135Rs and four KC-130Bs are commissioned to support the fighter force of F-16C/Ds and (R)F-5S/Ts.

Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) capability was introduced in 1987 when four E-2C Hawkeyes were delivered to 111 Squadron. The duty of Maritime Patrol and Coastal surveillance is performed by the five Fokker 50 MPA (entered service in 1991), which can be armed with long-range anti-shipping Harpoon missiles and ASW torpedoes.

On November 18, 2004, it was announced that the RSAF will be donating its remaining 7 F-16A/B's (3 Alphas and 4 Bravos) to the Royal Thai Air Force. The eighth plane was lost in an accident. It is believed that they were handed over in late 2005. In return, the RSAF was permitted to train on the Thai air base of Udon Thani for a specified number of days each year.

As part of its fleet renewal process, the RSAF officially withdrew its fleet of A-4SU Super Skyhawk from front-line service on March 31, 2005 after 31 years of operations. The A-4SUs' achievements included flying directly from Singapore to the Philippines, incorporating the RSAF's first air-to-air refuelling mission in 1986, as well as the excellent aerobatic display of the 'red and white' Super Skyhawks flown by the RSAF Black Knights [cite web |url= |title= Official RSAF Black Knights homepage |publisher= Republic of Singapore Air Force] during Asian Aerospace 1990. A month before its retirement, the Skyhawk squadron won top honours in a strike exercise against its more modern F-16 and F-5 counterparts.

Singapore ordered a total of twenty AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopters in two batches. After a long period of negotiations over the delivery of the sophisticated Longbow Fire-control radar, the first batch of eight aircraft, fitted with the Fire Control Radar [cite web |url= |title= Singapore Receives First AH-64D Apache Longbow Attack Helicopter |publisher= MINDEF ] , was delivered on May 17, 2002. The second batch of 12 Apaches were ordered in 2001 even before the first delivery took place. All of the initial eight Apaches are based in the USA. Three of the Apache Longbows returned in January 2006 at the request of the Minister of Defence.

Apart from the six CH-47SDs delivered from 1996, a new batch of six aircraft was ordered in 1997, with an option of four extra airframes. At least 12 CH-47SD have been delivered and are in service at Sembawang Air Base. It is believed that these had been upgraded to the SD standard prior to delivery.

Eight CH-47SDs were also deployed to support the relief efforts in the aftermath of the Indonesian Tsunami. It was the first and one of the few countries to reach the affected areas. The RSAF deployed dozens of C-130Hs, CH-47SDs and AS 332Ms there along with three of the RSN's latest Landing Ship Tanks (RSS Endurance, RSS Persistence and RSS Endeavour of the "Endurance" class LST) as well as Singapore Armed Forces vehicles, engineers, and medical teams.

In September 2005, the RSAF sent three CH-47SD Chinook helicopters, later augmented by a fourth CH-47SD Chinook, to provide assistance in the rescue and evacuation of stranded civilians after Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans and nearby areas in the United States [cite web |url= |title= Asia-Pacific Opens Hearts, Wallets to U.S. Victims of Katrina |publisher= Official Department of State website] [cite web |url= |title= RSAF copters' mission in New Orleans |publisher= Straits Times] . The humanitarian effort by Singapore involved more aircraft than any other foreign countries [cite web |url= |title= Singaporean humanitarian effort |publisher= Helicopter History website] .

Since 2003, the RSAF has also made deployments of KC-135 tankers [cite web |url= |title= SAF KC-135 Deployment to Aid in the Reconstruction of Iraq |publisher= MINDEF ] and C-130 aircraft [cite web |url= |title= SAF Deploys LST and C-130 to Assist in Reconstruction of Iraq |publisher= MINDEF ] to the Persian Gulf in support of the multinational efforts for the reconstruction of Iraq. RSAF personnel have carried out airlift, transportation and supply, and air-to-air refueling missions in support of the multinational forces, assisting the Coalition in carrying supplies and personnel, transporting humanitarian material and conducting medical evacuation operations.

Air Bases

*Changi Air Base (West)
**112 Sqn 4 KC-135R (Aerial refuelling)
**121 Sqn 4 Fokker 50 (Transport), 5 Fokker 50 ME2 (Maritime patrol)

*Changi Air Base (East)
**145 Sqn 20 F-16D Blk 52+ (Strike)

*Paya Lebar Air Base
**122 Sqn 6 C-130H (Transport), 4 KC-130B (Transport/Aerial refuelling)
**141 Sqn 6 F-5S (Interceptor), 1 F-5T (Training/Interceptor) - Disbanded since Nov 2005 with aircraft being reassigned to 144 and 149 Sqn.
**144 Sqn 15 F-5S (Interceptor), 7 F-5T (Training/Interceptor)
**149 Sqn 15 F-5S (Interceptor), 1 F-5T (Training/Interceptor)

*Sembawang Air Base
**120 Sqn 20 AH-64D Longbow Apache (Attack)
**124 Sqn 4 EC120 Colibri (Training)
**125 Sqn 22 AS332M Super Puma (Transport/SAR)
**126 Sqn 12 AS532UL Cougar (Transport/SAR)
**127 Sqn 12 CH-47SD (Heavylift/SAR)

*Tengah Air Base
**111 Sqn 4 E-2C Hawkeye (AEW & C)
**140 Sqn 7 F-16C (Interceptor), 5 F-16D Blk 52 (Strike)
**142 Sqn 18 T/A-4SU Super Skyhawks (Fighter-bomber) - Disbanded in 1997.
**143 Sqn 2 F-16C (Interceptor), 10 F-16D Blk 52 (Strike)
**RSAF Black Knights - RSAF's aerobatic team.

*Chong Pang Camp SADA (Singapore Air Defense Artillery)
**3rd DA RBS 70 SAM, IGLA SAM, Giraffe Radar
**6th DA RBS 70 SAM, IGLA SAM, Giraffe Radar
**9th DA RBS 70 SAM, IGLA SAM, Giraffe Radar
**18th DA Mistral SAM
**160 Sqn Oerlikon 35 mm AA Guns (Airfield defence)

*Lim Chu Kang Camp II SADA (Singapore Air Defense Artillery)
**163 Sqn I-Hawk SAM (Medium altitude air defence)
**165 Sqn Rapier Blindfire SAM (Low altitude air defence)

*Other assets of SADA (Singapore Air Defense Artillery)
**201 Sqn FPS 117 Radar (Fighter control, SAM control, Surveillance, ASP)
**203 Sqn LORADS Radar (RASP, SAR, "listening watch" for distress signals)

*Murai Camp
**116 Sqn Hermes 450 (Reconnaissance)
**128 Sqn 40 IAI Searcher (Reconnaissance)


Military ranks in the Singapore Armed Forces are identical across the three services except for the flag ranks of the RSN. They are based on the Army model. The official table of ranks stops at three stars for all three services [ [ SAF's table of Ranks] ] . NATO rank codes are not officially used, but are listed here for easy comparison with other armed forces.

Like the Navy, the majority of Air Force personnel are regulars. This is due to the specialized and technical nature of many jobs. The employment of National Servicemen in various roles are limited mostly to the infantry-like Field Defence Squadrons which do not require such specialised training.

Overseas detachments (Training)

*Cazaux Airbase (France)
**150 Sqn, 18 A-4SU / TA-4SU (Advanced Jet Training) [cite web |url= |title= RADM (NS) Teo Inaugurates RSAF’s Advanced Jet Training Facilities at Cazaux |publisher= MINDEF]

*Redmond Taylor AHP - Grand Prairie AASF (Grand Prairie, Texas)
**149th AVN, 6 CH-47SD (Peace Prairie CH-47 Training) [cite web |url= |title= RSAF Celebrates 10 Years of Chinook Training in the US |publisher= MINDEF]

*Luke Air Force Base (USA)
**425 FTS, 5 F-16C, 5 F-16D (Peace Carvin II F-16 Training)

*Oakey Airbase (Australia)
**126 Sqn, 12 AS532UL Cougar (Training/Support for army exercises) [cite web |url= |title= Opening Ceremony of the RSAF Helicopter Detachment in Oakey, Australia |publisher=MINDEF]

*Pearce Airbase (Australia)
**130 Sqn,19 PC-21 (Pilot Selection/Basic Training) [cite web |url= |title= Australia-Singapore Defence Relationship |publisher= MINDEF]

*Silverbell Army Heliport (USA)
**E/1-285th AVN, 8 AH-64D (Peace Vanguard AH-64D Training) [cite web |url= |title= Minister for Defence Visits the US |publisher=MINDEF]

Future plans

In February 2003, Singapore joined the JSF program's System Design and Development (SDD) Phase, as a Security Co-operation Participant (SCP) [cite web |url= |title= Singapore Signs Letter of Intent for Joint Strike Fighter Programme |publisher= MINDEF] [cite web |url= |title= Singapore Joins Joint Strike Fighter Programme |publisher= MINDEF] . The first deliveries of the F-35 are not expected before 2015, but replacement for some of the A-4SU Super Skyhawks are needed by 2007. As a start, 20 F-16D Block 52+ have been delivered from 2003 under project Peace Carvin IV.

The RSAF embarked on the Next Generation Fighter (NGF) programme to replace the aging A-4SU Super Skyhawks. The original list of competitors was shortlisted to the final two - Dassault Rafale and the F-15SG Strike Eagle. The DSTA (Defense Science & Technology Agency) conducted detailed technical assessment, simulations and other tests to assess the final selection. On 6th September 2005, it was announced that the Boeing F-15SG Strike Eagle had won the contract over the Rafale [cite web |url= |title= Singapore Seals Deal to Acquire Twelve F-15SG |publisher= MINDEF] .

The F-15SG Strike Eagle (formerly the F-15T) is a variant of the F-15E Strike Eagle and is similar in configuration to the F-15K sold to South Korea, but differs in the addition of the APG-63(V)3 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar developed by Raytheon. The F-15SG will be powered by two General Electric F110-GE-129 29,400 lbf (131 kN) thrust engines.

The initial order will be 12 aircraft with 8 options. Eventually, as many as 40 to 60 aircraft may be procured in several batches. Pending news on Lockheed Martin's F-35 Lightning II's progress, more F-15SGs may be bought and the upper limit, as disclosed by the RSAF, is 80 F-15SG aircraft in total. These will likely be based at Tengah Air Base. As part of the weapons package for the first batch of aircraft, the U.S. will provide Singapore with:
*200 AIM-120C AMRAAMs
*200 s
*50 GBU-38 JDAMs
*30 AGM-154A-1 and 30 AGM-154C JSOWs (Joint Stand-off Weapons)
*100 KMU-556 GBU-31 JDAM Tail Kit Assemblies

A second follow-on weapons package was announced in August 2007, which includes:
*28 GBU-10 Paveway II laser-guided 2,000 pound bombs
*56 GBU-12 Paveway II laser-guided 500 pound bombs
*126,000 20mm Cartridges for the F-15SG's M61 Vulcan cannon
*14,000 BDU-33 Bomb Practice trainers
*1,500 MK-84 Bomb Practice trainers
*1,500 MK-82 Bomb Practice trainers

Singapore's Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) has on behalf of RSAF, on 22 October 2007, exercised the option to purchase eight more F-15SG fighters which were part of the original contract signed in 2005. Along with this buy, an additional order for four F-15SGs was made. This brings the total number of F-15SG purchased to 24.

The RSAF is expected to operate three types of aircraft in the foreseeable future; the F-35s as multirole fighters, the F-15SGs in the air superiority/strike role and the F-16C/Ds in the air defence/attack role. The RSAF also operates Air Defense assets in the form of SAMs and AAA. Some of these are permanently assigned to Divisional units.

In January 2005, it was announced that 6 Sikorsky S-70B (derivative of SH-60 Sea Hawk) naval helicopters will be purchased, complete with anti-surface and anti-submarine weapons and sensors [cite web |url= |title= New helicopters for RSN |publisher=MINDEF] . These will be operated by RSAF pilots, with System Specialists of the Republic of Singapore Navy operating the sensors and weaponry. They will operate from the Navy's new "Formidable" class frigates, and when operating from land will be based at Sembawang Air Base. All 20 AH-64D Longbow attack helicopters have been delivered, achieving pilot IOC. 12 of these Longbow Apaches were deployed back to Singapore and took part in combined arms exercises with the Army.

In April 2007, it was announced that the 4 E-2C Hawkeyes were to be replaced with 4 Gulfstream G550s which would become the primary early warning aircraft of the Singapore Air Force [cite web |url= |title= Planned replacement for AEW E-2C |publisher= MINDEF] .


Current air to air missiles in the RSAF's inventory include:
*AIM-9M Sidewinder,
*AIM-7M Sparrow,

Air to surface ordnance include:
*GBU-10/GBU-12/GBU-16 and other laser-guided munitions,
*AGM-114L Longbow Hellfire missiles,
*AGM-84 Harpoon missiles,
*AGM-65B/D/G Maverick missiles,
*Hydra 70 (APKWS ready) 70 mm rockets,
*SNEB 68 mm rockets,
*Zuni 127 mm rockets,
*Mk 82/Mk83/Mk84 (500/1000/2000 pound) general purpose bombs,
*other classified/undeclared munitions for special missions.


Photo Gallery

Current fleet

Best RSAF combat unit for the year

Historic fleet

Fixed-wing aircraft

*Hawker Hunter — 12 x FGA.74s, 26 x FR.74A/Bs, and x 8 T.75/As (excluding one T.75A which was lost in accident before delivery) were delivered to RSAF in 1970 and 1973. Retired from service in 1990, only 6 were preserved as museum exhibits while the remaining 21 airworthy airframes were sold to an Australian Warbird Broker. [cite web |url= |title= Hawker Hunter In British & Foreign Service |publisher= |accessdate= 2008-09-25]
*Short SC.7 Skyvan — 8 x Skyvan 3Ms delivered in 1973 and retired in 1993.
*BAC Jet Provost — 3 x T.52s (ex-South Yemen Air Force airframe) operated from the 1975 until 1980. [ [ UK Civil Aviation Authority Aircraft Register - Entry for former Singapore AF Jet Provost T52 registered G-PROV] ] [Andrade 1982, page 192] [ [ History of G-PROV] ] [ [ UK Civil Aviation Authority Aircraft Register - Entry for former Singapore AF Jet Provost T52 registered G-JETP] ]
*BAC Strikemaster — 16 x Mk.84s delivered in 1969 and retired in 1984. One airframe preserved at the RSAF Museum while remaining 13 airworthy airframes were sold to a Warbird broker. [cite web |title= History of the Strikemaster |url= |publisher= "JET PROVOST HEAVEN" |accessdate= 2008-09-25]
*Cessna 172 — 8 x F172Ks delivered in 1969, retired in 1972.
*Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star — ex-French Air Force (Armée de l'Air) airframes, operated from 1980 until retired in 1984.
*SIAI-Marchetti SF.260 — 14 x SF.260Ms delivered in 1971 plus 12 x SF.260Ws delivered in 1979 and 1981. All remaining 19 airworthy airframes retired in 2002 and was transferred to the Indonesian Air Force. [cite web |title= SF.260 in military service |url= |publisher= |accessdate= 2008-09-25]

Rotary-wing aircraft

*Aérospatiale Alouette III — 12 x SA316Bs delivered in 1969, all retired in 1978 and was sold to Sri Lanka Air Force.cite web| url= |title =30 Years of Helicopter Operations |publisher ="Pointer", SAF Journal]
*Eurocopter Ecureuil — 6 x AS350Bs for basic helicopter training, delivered in 1982 and retired in 1993.
*UH-1B — 6 x refurbished ex-US Army airframes for advance helicopter training, operated from 1980 until 1988.
*UH-1N Twin Huey — 3 x UH-1Ns (military version of the Bell 212 Twin Huey) delivered in 1977, all retired in 1985 and was sold to Sri Lanka Air Force.


*Bristol Bloodhound Mk.II SAM — ex-RAF stock, all retired in 1994.

Historic photo gallery


RSAF Black Knights

First formed in 1973 at Tengah Air Base, the Black Knights is RSAF's official aerobatic team and has been performing on an ad-hoc basis since its inception with volunteer pilots drawn from various front line squadrons within the RSAF.

RSAF Museum

The RSAF maintains the Air Force Museum, which is open to the public and showcases the air force's history and capabilities. The museum is located along Airport Road beside Paya Lebar Air Base, near Eunos MRT Station. (See the section above for the displayed exhibits!)

RSAF Open House

The RSAF Open House is a bi-annual event which is usually held at Paya Lebar Air Base and in conjunction with the 40th Anniversary of Republic of Singapore Air Force in 2008 [cite web |url=|title= 40th Anniversary of RSAF |publisher= MINDEF] , it would be open to public for two days from 30 August to 31 August 2008. [cite web |url= |title= RSAF Open House 2008 |publisher= MINDEF] Also, the RSAF Black Knights are scheduled for another aerobatic display to thrill the crowds during the event.

In popular culture

Fictional Television programs
*"Airforce" (空军), 10 April 1988 This Chinese language drama series was filmed and produced by Singapore Broadcasting Corporation (now defunct, a forerunner of MediaCorp TV, Singapore). YouTube|ac4BcWXyPTc|Theme song of this drama series.

ee also

*List of Republic of Singapore Air Force squadrons
*Singapore Armed Forces ranks




*cite book |last= Huxley|first= Tim|authorlink= |title= Defending the Lion City: the Armed Forces of Singapore|year= 2000|publisher= Allen & Unwin Pty LTD|location= |isbn=1-86508-118-3
*cite book |last= Andrade|first= John|authorlink= |title= Militair 1982|year= 1982|publisher= Aviation Press Limited|location= London|isbn=0 907898 01 07
*cite book |last= Peacock |first= Lindsay |authorlink= |title= Osprey Combat aircraft Series No.11: A-4 Skyhawk |year= |publisher= Osprey Publishing |location= London|isbn=

External links

*Official site: [ Republic of Singapore Air Force]
* [ Journal of the Singapore Armed Forces] - Contains scholarly articles on military issues, including those pertaining to the SAF's transformation into a 3rd Generation Fighting Force
* [ RSAF Airforce News 2005 (.pdf format)]
* [ RSiAF)]
*MINDEF, [ The NS Portal] , accessed 23 Oct 2006.
* [ Ranks and Paramilitary Ranks of Singapore] , accessed 23 Oct 2006.
*US Department of State, [ Background notes on Singapore] , accessed 23 Oct 2006.

Video clips

*YouTube|oSPPsyDlE8Y|India Singapore Joint Air Exercises, accessed 20 January 2007.
*YouTube|WT9aU37mEXw|Inauguration of SAF tri-service UAV Command Hermes 450 in Singapore, accessed 9 June 2007.

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  • 120 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name=RSAF 120 Squadron role=Anti Armour Ground support equipment=Twenty AH 64D Apache Longbow garrison=Sembawang Air Base motto= Strive To Achieve dates=1969 identification symbol=Kestrel battle honours=The 120 Squadron …   Wikipedia

  • 121 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name=RSAF 121 Squadron role=Maritime Patrol and Utility Transport equipment=Nine Fokker F50 garrison=Changi Air Base motto= Seek and Destroy dates=1973 identification symbol=Brahminy Kite battle honours=The 121 Squadron …   Wikipedia

  • 125 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name=RSAF 125 Squadron role=Transport, Search and rescue equipment=Twenty two AS332M Super Puma garrison=Sembawang Air Base motto= Swift In Support dates=1985 identification symbol=Puma battle honours=The 125 Squadron… …   Wikipedia

  • 165 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name=RSAF 165 Squadron role=Air Defence equipment=Rapier surface to air missiles garrison=Lim Chu Kang Camp II motto= Pride In Protection dates=1983 identification symbol= battle honours=The 165 Squadron is an Air… …   Wikipedia

  • 140 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name=RSAF 140 Squadron role=Multi role fighter equipment=Twelve F 16C/D Fighting Falcons garrison=Tengah Air Base motto= Stand Firm in Defence dates=1970 identification symbol=Osprey battle honours=The 140 Squadron… …   Wikipedia

  • 111 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name=RSAF 111 Squadron role=Airborne Early Warning and Control equipment=Four E 2C Hawkeye garrison=Tengah Air Base motto= Vigilance In Control dates=1987 identification symbol=Represented by the head of a Jaeger, a… …   Wikipedia

  • 144 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name=RSAF 144 Squadron role=Fighter bomber equipment=Twenty two F 5S/T Tiger IIs garrison=Paya Lebar Air Base motto= Dare To Excel dates=1979 identification symbol=A stylized Black Kite set against a bow and arrow… …   Wikipedia

  • 145 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name=RSAF 145 Squadron role=Strike fighter equipment=Twenty F 16D+ Fighting Falcons garrison=Changi Air Base motto= Swift Valiant dates=1984 identification symbol=A Hornet which is poised to sting. battle honours=The… …   Wikipedia

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