African Hawk-eagle

African Hawk-eagle

Taxobox
name = African Hawk Eagle



status = LC
status_system = iucn3.1
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Accipitriformes
familia = Accipitridae
genus = "Aquila"
species = "A. spilogaster"
binomial = "Aquila spilogaster"
binomial_authority = (Bonaparte, 1850)
range_


synonyms =
*"Hieraaetus spilogaster"

The African Hawk Eagle ("Aquila spilogastra") is a large bird of prey. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family "Accipitridae".

The African Hawk Eagle breeds in tropical Sub-Saharan Africa. It is a bird of wooded hills, building a stick nest about 3 feet (almost 1 meter) in diameter in the fork of a large tree. The clutch is generally one or two eggs.

This is a small to medium-sized eagle at about 55–65 cm in length. The upper parts are blackish. Its underparts are white heavily streaked with black. The underwing flight feathers are white with a black trailing edge. The underwing coverts are mostly black with white spots.

Sexes are similar, but young birds are brown above and rufous coloration replaces the black underparts of the adult.

The African Hawk Eagle hunts small mammals, reptiles, and birds up to the size of a francolin. The call is a shrill "kluu-kluu-kluu".

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* Barlow, Wacher and Disley. "Birds of The Gambia". ISBN 1-873403-32-1
* Collinson, M. "Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists'. British Birds vol 99 (June 2006), 306-323
* Lerner, H. R. L. and D. P. Mindell. (2005) "Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and otherAccipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (37) 327–346.


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