John Russell Pope

John Russell Pope

John Russell Pope (April_24, 1874 – August 27, 1937) was an architect most known for his designs of the Jefferson Memorial (completed in 1943) and the West Building of the National Gallery of Art (completed in 1941) in Washington, DC.

Pope was born in New York in 1874, the son of a successful portrait painter. He studied architecture at Columbia University and graduated in 1894. He received a scholarship to attend the newly-founded American Academy in Rome, a training ground for the designers of the "American Renaissance." Pope travelled for two years through Italy and Greece, where he studied and sketched and made measured drawings of more Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance structures than he did of the remains of ancient buildings. Pope was one of the first architectural students to master the use of the large-format camera, with glass negatives. Pope attended the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1896 [Adolf K Placzek. Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects. Vol. 3. London: The Free Press, 1982. ISBN 0-02-925000-5. NA40.M25. p450-451.] , honing his Beaux-Arts style, returning to New York in 1900, to spend a few practical years in the office of Bruce Price before opening a practice.

Throughout his career, Pope designed private houses (including for the Vanderbilt family: see Vanderbilt houses), and other public buildings besides the Jefferson Memorial and the National Gallery, such as the massive Masonic "House of the Temple" (1911 - 1915), also in Washington, and the triumphal-arch Theodore Roosevelt Memorial at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. In 1919 he provided a master plan for the future growth of Yale University, one that was significantly revised by James Gamble Rogers in 1921 with more sympathy for the requirements of the city of New Haven, Connecticut, but which kept the Collegiate Gothic unifying theme offered by Pope. Pope's original plan is a prime document in the City Beautiful movement in city planning.Pope's designs alternated between revivals of Gothic, Georgian, eighteenth-century French, and classical styles. Pope designed the Henry E. Huntington mausoleum on the grounds of the Huntington Library and later used the design as a prototype for the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.The Jefferson Memorial and the National Gallery of Art were both neoclassical, modelled by Pope on the Roman Pantheon.

Less known projects by Pope include Union Station, Richmond, Virginia (1919), with a central rotunda capped with a low saucer dome, now housing the Science Museum of Virginia; Branch House (1917-1919), a Tudor-style mansion also in Richmond that now houses the Virginia Center for Architecture ; Baltimore Museum of Art; and in Washington, D.C. the National City Christian Church, Constitution Hall, American Pharmacists Association Building, Ward Homestead, and the National Archives Building ("illustration, left"). In Milwaukee, Wisconsin he provided a severe neo-Georgian clubhouse for the University Club (1926) and in Oneonta, New York he designed the first building for Hartwick College (Bresee Hall) in 1928. He designed additions to the Tate Gallery and British Museum in London, an unusual honor for an American architect, and the War Memorial at Montfaucon, France. Pope was also responsible for extensive alterations to Belcourt, the Newport residence of Oliver and Alva Belmont. In 1991 an exhibition at the National Gallery of Art, "John Russell Pope and the Building of the National Gallery of Art" spurred the reappraisal of his work, which had been scorned and derided by many critics influenced by International Modernism.


ee also

*Eggers & Higgins

External links

* [ University Club, Milwaukee]
* [ Yale University plan, 1919]
* [ Delta Phi at Cornell, 1931, John Russell Pope, architect]
* [ John Russell Pope's Master Plan for Dartmouth, 1919]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Russell Pope — Das Jefferson M …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Russell Pope — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pope (homonymie). John Russell Pope (14 avril 1874 à New York 27 août 1937) était un architecte américain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pope (Familienname) — Pope ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Familienname ist größtenteils im englischsprachigen Raum verbreitet. Bekannte Namensträger Albert Augustus Pope (1843–1909), US amerikanischer Unternehmer, Fahrrad und Automobilpionier… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Pope — ist der Name folgender Personen: John Pope (Gouverneur) (1770–1845), amerikanischer Politiker John Pope (Marineoffizier) (1798–1876), US Marineoffizier im Sezessionskrieg John Pope (General) (1822–1892), General der Union im Sezessionskrieg John… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pope (disambiguation) — Pope ( el. παπάς; la. papa : an affectionate diminutive for father ) is a religious title traditionally accorded to the Bishop of Rome, as well as several other religious figures. Pope is also a surname, and has been used as a place… …   Wikipedia

  • John Pope — There have been at several notable men named John Pope: *John Pope (politician), (1770–1845), U.S. politician, senator for Kentucky, Governor of Arkansas Territory *John Pope (naval officer), (1798–1876), U.S. naval officer in the American Civil… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Pope (homonymie) », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Patronyme Pope est un nom de famille… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pope, John R. — ▪ American architect in full  John Russell Pope   born April 24, 1874, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 27, 1937, New York       American architect whose most important design was the National Gallery of Art (completed in 1941 and since 1978 known… …   Universalium

  • John pope-hennessy — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hennessy (homonymie). Sir John Wyndham Pope Hennessy, né à Londres le 13 décembre 1913 et mort à Florence le 31 octobre 1994, était un historien de l art et un directeur de musée. Spécialiste de la Renaissance… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Mitchel — (Irish: Seán Mistéil; b.November 3, 1815 ndash; d. March 20, 1875) was an Irish nationalist activist, solicitor and political journalist. Born in Camnish, near Dungiven, County Londonderry, Ireland he became a leading Member of both Young Ireland …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”