- Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja
Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja is the Military Police branch of the
Malaysian Army. Called "Redcaps" like their British cousins, Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja, more popularly called just "MPs", keep discipline within the Army ranks and ensure security at Malaysian Army Installations.
At the end of world War II, Malaya was in a precarious situation. The civil
policewas in tatters and the 2 battalions of the Malay Regiment has been disbanded by the Japanese when Singapore fell in 1942 and not to be reformed until 1948.
When British sent Forces to Malaya at the end of World War II,
Military Policeunits of the Indian Armyplayed a major role in assisting the civil authorities enforcing peace and order in Malaya.
On 4 December 1950, during the early years of the
Malayan Emergency, 9 Malay Regiment soldiers were chosen to form Malay Regiment Military Police Sectionand perform Provost duties within the regiment. They were stationed at Kem Segenting at Port Dickson.
On 13 November 1953, the Malay Regiment
Military Police(enlarged from the previously one section strength) was transferred to the British Royal Military Policeadministration and transferred to Taiping, Perak, and the Military Police Companywas formed, under the command of Captain Dillon White. Apart from performing provost duties, the Military Police Company assisted civil authorities in keeping public order.
The Military Police Company moved to Kuala Lumpur on 29 March 1957 and underwent a name change to the Federation Military Police. And in July 1957, the company was moved to Kem Imphal in
With the formation of
Malaysia, the unit was called the Malaysian Military Police Corps. The Corps was bestowed the title "DiRaja" on 7 June 1997, by Tuanku Jaafar Tunku Abdul Rahman, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, hence the Corps is known as Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja.
The peacetime role of Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja is to support and assist the
Malaysian Armyin training for war, and maintain discipline amongst military personnel.
In war, Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja provides tactical
Military Policesupport to the Army in all phases of operations, enforcement of military lawand codes of conduct, crime prevention and controlling the flow of refugees and displaced persons.
Organisation and Units
The Military Police Directorate at the Markas Tentera Darat (Army Headquarters) oversee development and coordinate activities of Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja. The
Provost Marshalof Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja is a Brig. Jeneral.
On 1 January 1981, there were 4 Regiments in Kor Polis Tentera, with one Regiment an organic component to each of the Infantry divisions in the Malaysian Army. A Military Police Company is attached to each of the three Brigades of the Division.
* 4 Regiments – one Military Police Regiment for each of the 4 Infantry Divisions
** Military Police Company attached to each Brigade
* Independent Military Police Companies
Pusat Latihan Polis Tentera PULAPOT
Pusat Latihan Polis Tentera (Military Police School) is located in
Setapak, Kuala Lumpurnear to the main campus of Tunku Abdul Rahman Collegeand Wardieburn Camp, an army camp. This is the Central Military Police Training Centre where soldiers are trained in Military Policing and Military Law.
The Wira Merah is a popular
motorcycle acrobaticstunt and demonstration team of the Kor Polis Tentera DiRaja, famed for their show at military tattoos in Malaysia. The team was formed in 1963 at Kem Imphal in Kuala Lumpur to display their exceptional riding skills at the military tattooduring the 1963 National Day celebrations. The team was founded by Pegawai Waran I Sabdin Othman and Pegawai Waran I Ungku Hakim Ungku Mohamad and used 350cc BSA motorcycles.
The military shows were suspended between 1964 and 1966 due to the Indonesian
Confrontation, but were resumed in 1967, when the Wira Merah team was reactivated under the command of Leftenan MudaClifford Baptist for a display at the 10th Merdeka celebration at Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
The team has 40 members and holds about 48 shows a year, each of 30 to 40 minutes long. The act involves various acrobatic stunt on motorcycles including piling on 30 riders on one motorcycle. The
Evel Knieveljump is the highlight of the Wira Merah show, involving a jump over human or vehicular obstacles. The jump record is over 17 to 18 ProtonIswara cars. The team presently uses a total of 29 motorcycles, including 12 Moto Guzzis, 6 BSA, 5 Modenas Jaguh, 2 Trial Bikes, 2 Aprilias and 2 Suzukis. [http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/archive.asp?y=2005&dt=0921&pub=utusan_malaysia&sec=polis%5F%26%5Ftentera&pg=te_03.htm&arc=hive] [http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/archive.asp?y=2004&dt=0710&pub=utusan_malaysia&sec=tentera&pg=te_02.htm&arc=hive]
* [http://army.mod.gov.my/pasukan/kptd.htm Official Malaysian Army Website KOR POLIS TENTERA DIRAJA (KPTD)]
* [http://army.mod.gov.my/buletin_td/news_item.asp?NewsID=285 Buletin Army.Net "Kor Polis Tentera Diraja - Unggul dan disegani"]
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