- Childe Cycle
The Childe Cycle is an unfinished series of science fiction novels by Gordon R. Dickson. The name Childe Cycle is an allusion to Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came, a poem by Robert Browning, which provided considerable inspiration for elements in Dickson's magnum opus.
The series is sometimes referred to as the Dorsai series, as the Dorsai people are central to the series. The related short stories and novellas all center around the Dorsai, primarily members of the Graeme and Morgan families. The first story published, Dorsai! was originally to have been titled The Swissman, a reference to the Swiss pikemen of centuries past. It was published as a novel in Astounding Science Fiction.
While, on the face of it, the Childe Cycle is a science fiction series, it is also an allegory. In addition to the six science fiction novels of the Cycle, Dickson had also planned three historical novels and three novels taking place in the present day. It is known that one of the three historical novels would have dealt with John Milton, the author of Paradise Lost. Judging from the frequent mentions of him in the published science fiction portion of the Cycle, Sir John Hawkwood, a 14th century mercenary, would probably have been the subject of another. At least one of the contemporary novels was expected to deal with issues of space colonization, beginning a thread continuing through Necromancer and concluding with the full formation of the Splinter Cultures.
As originally envisioned, the Cycle was to stretch from the 14th century to the 24th century; the completed books begin in the 21st century. The cycle deals with the conflict between progress and conservatism. It also deals with the interaction and conflict among humanity's traits, most importantly Courage, Faith, and Philosophy.
Novels and shorter works
The science fiction novels of the main Childe Cycle include:
- Dorsai! (alternate title: The Genetic General) (1959)
- Necromancer (1962) (vt No Room for Man)
- Soldier, Ask Not (1967)
- Tactics of Mistake (1971)
- The Final Encyclopedia (1984)
- The Chantry Guild (1988)
The final book, to have been titled Childe, had not been completed at the time of Dickson's death, and has never been published.
In addition, there are four shorter pieces and three novels that take place in the same fictional universe as the Childe Cycle, but are not part of the core cycle.
- "Lost Dorsai" (novella) and "Warrior" (short story), published together in Lost Dorsai (1981)
- "Amanda Morgan" (novella) and "Brothers" (short story), published together in The Spirit of Dorsai (1979)
In the latter volume, the stories are framed by a conversation between Hal Mayne and the Third Amanda Morgan, during the events of The Final Encyclopedia. "Warrior" (1965) and "Brothers" (1973) had previously appeared in other publications. The four works have since been collected in one volume as The Dorsai Companion (1986).
The three other novels are:
- Young Bleys (1991)
- Other (1994)
- Antagonist (with David W. Wixon) (2007)
These three novels concern the background and development of Bleys Ahrens, the antagonist of The Final Encyclopedia and The Chantry Guild. They take place in the decades leading up to those books, and were apparently added to the original series outline to provide more detail of the ultimate conflict in Childe. 2007 saw the publication of Antagonist, finished by Dickson's long-time assistant David W. Wixon.
The first published reference to the Dorsai came in "Lulungomeena", a 1954 short story published in Galaxy Science Fiction and later dramatized on the X Minus One radio program. The narrator is a man from "the Dorsai planets," who has been working far from home for a long time. The story portrays the Dorsai people as tough and matter-of-fact, but says little else about them.
The main sequence novels basically fall into four periods approximately a century apart.
- Necromancer: Late 21st century, shortly before humanity begins star travel
- Tactics of Mistake: Late 22nd century, in the early development of the splinter cultures. "Amanda Morgan" takes place at the same time as the crisis of this book.
- Soldier, Ask Not and Dorsai! occur around the same time as each other, and overlap, with some events described in both novels. Late 23rd century, after the splinter cultures have fully developed.
- The Final Encyclopedia, followed by The Chantry Guild: Mid-24th century, as the final conflict develops among the cultures.
- The final planned volume, Childe, was to resolve the conflict which had been set up in the last two books. Its events would immediately follow the events of The Chantry Guild.
Many prefer to read the early novels in the order they were written rather than the chronological order of the events. Specifically, there are elements in Necromancer which are much clearer if one has already read Dorsai!
By the late 21st century, human culture begins to fragment into different aspects. Following the events of Necromancer, humanity has colonized some 14 Younger Worlds. The inhabitants of these worlds have evolved culturally, and to some extent, genetically, into several specialized Splinter Cultures. This was done by the racial collective unconscious itself as an experiment to see what aspects of humanity are the most important. The inhabitants of Earth (now called Old Earth, since New Earth is one of the Younger Worlds) remain "full spectrum humans" as a control.
The interstellar economy is based on the exchange of specialists, which puts Old Earth, the jack of all trades, at something of a disadvantage.
Of all the Splinter Cultures, three are the most successful:
- The Dorsai (Courage): The Dorsai, inhabitants of a Younger World also called Dorsai, are honorable, elite mercenaries. Given the book-selling nature of their occupation, the Childe Cycle focuses mainly on their exploits, to the extent that the Cycle is sometimes called the "Dorsai series". The culture tends to have a number of Gaelic influences, including a love for the bagpipes, although their ancestry is drawn from all races and cultures. Dickson also mentioned in lectures that the "ethnic food" of the Dorsai is fish and chips, due to the great amount of surface water and oceans on their homeworld, with mutton being the most common red meat in the Dorsai diet.
- The Exotics (Philosophy): The Exotics are the inhabitants of Mara and Kultis. They are peaceful philosophers, the descendants of the 21st century Chantry Guild. The traits which Dickson assigns to the Exotics in many ways mirror the Human Potential Movement of the 1960s, in combining elements of Eastern philosophy and religion with psychology. The Exotics clearly have some vaguely described level of paranormal powers. They can, among other things, communicate between star systems far more quickly than a ship can travel, an ability no other culture has. The Exotics hire themselves out as psychiatrists and mediators, among other things. The paranormal ability of the Exotics is never shown definitively (save for Donal levitating with Exotic encouragement in Dorsai!), and Volume Two of The Final Encyclopedia reveals that their rapid communications ability is based the use of a carefully hidden network of spaceships used innovatively, rather than on paranormal abilities.
- The Friendlies (Faith/Fanaticism): The somewhat ironically named Friendlies inhabit the worlds of Harmony and Association. Friendlies can be true faith-holders, or they can be fanatics. The difference, according to the Cycle, is that true faith-holders are guided by their faith, while fanatics use their faith to justify their actions. The Friendly homeworlds experience continual sectarian civil war. On their home planets, they are primarily agrarian, but, like the Dorsai, they earn interstellar credit as mercenaries, fighting in other people's wars. Unlike the Dorsai, Friendly mercenaries are drafted cannon-fodder, with largely green troops and high casualty rates. However, they are tenacious defenders. While the Friendlies are sometimes presented as villains, their faith is co-equal in importance to humanity with the Courage of the Dorsai and the Philosophy of the Exotics. A recurring theme in the series is the experience of a young man placed among Friendlies, forced to gain respect for them. Dickson based the Friendlies on the Oliver Cromwell's "Roundheads" of the English Civil War.
Other Splinter Cultures include the hard scientists of Newton and Venus, the miners of Coby, the fishermen of Dunnin's World, the engineers of Cassida, the Catholic farmers of St. Marie, and the merchants of Ceta.
The internal consistency of the series suggests that the resolution to be sought in Childe is the evolution of Responsible Man, individuals who integrate the three disciplines of the Dorsai, the Exotics, and the Friendlies to the overall advancement of humanity, and who do possess explicit if not yet well-defined paranormal abilities. As of The Chantry Guild, only Donal Graeme/Hal Mayne has achieved the full status of Responsible Man. The conflict which drives this evolution is the developing war between Old Earth, supplemented by the Dorsai and the Exotics, and the organization of Others led by Bleys Ahrens, with the aid of the Friendlies and a powerful (but largely irrelevant to the psychological conflict) coalition of the technically inclined younger worlds. The strength of the Others is that they are hybrids of two of the Splinter Cultures (Ahrens is of Friendly and Exotic extraction), and while less capable than the emerging Responsible Men they are significantly more numerous, and more interested in gaining power for themselves (as by Ahrens using his combined background to manipulate the entire Friendly culture to support his war against the Dorsai, Exotics, and Old Earth).
Planets of the Childe Cycle
Dickson has admitted that he was frequently inconsistent on the total number of inhabited worlds. The correct total is sixteen, counting Old Earth, under nine stars. (Of the list below, Oriente is not inhabited.)
- Mercury: Site of Project: Springboard during the 21st century. Not a major inhabited world.
- Venus: Hard Science culture. Research stations were set up early, expanded, and eventually became connected together.
- Old Earth: Homeworld of Humanity, and most populated and richest of the worlds. Politically not very united.
- Mars: First human colony to be terraformed. Cold, and is not a major power.
- Alpha Centauri: Has 12 planetary bodies.
- Newton: Hard Science culture, the leading world in science. It is also known to have the best physicists.
- Cassida: Hard Science culture, known for its technicians and engineers. A poor world, it also provided mercenaries.
- Dunnin's World: A harsh, dry world, with low population and resources.
- Epsilon Eridani: Both Harmony and Association are ruled by the Joint Church Council (United Council of Churches). Both worlds are known for their cheap but poor mercenaries.
- Association: Poor world, lacking in many resources and has poor soil for growing crops.
- Harmony: Similar to Association.
- Dorsai: A watery world of primarily island settlements. Known for having the highest quality professional mercenaries, and for producing soldiers unlike any other.
- Procyon: Mara and Kultis are ruled by the Exotics, and are known for producing the best psychologists.
- Ste. Marie: A small Roman Catholic farming world.
- Zombri: An uninhabitable small world. Despite this, it is a strategic location.
- Coby: Mining planet. A world of tunnels and mines, where the surface is uninhabitable. Since all the other settled worlds, unlike Earth, are metal-poor, Coby is the primary source of metals for the other planets.
- New Earth: Once had an atmosphere of hydrogen sulphide. By the late 23rd Century, it had long been terraformed with a more breathable atmosphere. Has a large variety of cultures. Atland, a territory of New Earth, had a civil war fought between the North and South Partitions.
- Oriente: an uninhabited planet, airless with a highly eccentric orbit. It is important only as a strategic military base in Dorsai!
- Tau Ceti
- Ceta: Commercial low-gravity planet.
- Paul Formain
- Walter Blunt
- Kantele Maki
- Tactics of Mistake
- Cletus Grahame
- Eachan Khan
- Melissa Khan Grahame
- Dow deCastries
- Soldier, Ask Not
- Tam Olyn (as a young man)
- Jamethon Black
- Kensie and Ian Graeme (Great-grandsons of Cletus and Melissa)
- Donal Graeme (Great-great-grandson of Cletus and Melissa)
- Anea Marlivana
- William of Ceta
- Ian Graeme
- The Final Encyclopedia and Chantry Guild
Throughout the series, Dickson's primary interest is the characters, not the hardware, much of which is explained only to the point where the reader will understand how it relates to the people around it and thus share the author's imagery.
The invention of the phase-shift drive allowed the colonization of the Younger Worlds. (The drive used in the Childe Cycle appears in many of Gordon R. Dickson's works.) It uses an application of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. During a jump, a spaceship's position becomes infinitely uncertain, and occupies every position in the universe, before resolving again at a specific point. The jump itself is instantaneous, but each jump requires a lengthy calculation. A jump is never exact, and long journeys require several jumps, each getting closer to the final destination. A certain percentage of jumps never resolve, and the ships are never seen again. Because of this, the higher the number of jumps, the greater the risk. By the 24th century, a ship could jump directly off a planet's surface, but only the Dorsai are brave/foolhardy enough to do this on a routine basis.
When the phase-shift drive was first invented, a jump would cause passengers severe disorientation. During the Necromancer period (21st century), the disorientation was so bad that the technology was limited to inanimate cargo. The invention of certain drugs enabled human passengers to use the drive. By the 23rd century, these drugs were only necessary in the case of repeated jumps. By the 24th century, the jumps were hardly noticeable.
In general, technology is not a large part of the Childe Cycle. This is partly because the "science fiction" is used mainly as a setting, the real focus of the Childe Cycle is elsewhere.
A large part of the series focuses on the exploits of the Dorsai. In the face of escalating countermeasures, the Dorsai choose to use relatively simple weapons, which are both reliable and effective. The other militaries follow suit. By the 23rd century, the average civilian sports hunter has a more technologically advanced weapon than the average soldier. In fact, "advanced" small arms are treated with derision, such as the "Dally Gun" which Cletus uses to break up an ambush in Tactics of Mistake. The Dally Gun is possibly derived from a Cadillac Gage weapons system of the 1960s, the Stoner 63, which (like the "Dial-A-Gun" from the story) was designed with interchangeable components for reconfiguration as needed for a particular mission. While the Stoner 63 received significant use with the SEALs of the U.S. NAVY up until 1980 (With high praise regarding both durability and reliability, although it was a bit heavier than other comparable systems), the Dally Gun was considered a failure.
The main infantry weapon throughout the Cycle is the cone rifle. This simple weapon, patterned after the Gyrojet series of small arms, uses chemical-rocket-propelled flechettes. These flechettes are cone shaped, allowing them to be stacked into tubes. The rifles are little more than launching platforms with triggering mechanisms. Because the cones (which explode on impact) accelerate after being fired from the rifle, they are more deadly at long ranges than short. Also used are spring rifles, utilizing a 5,000 sliver magazine in a non-metallic mechanism to fire a sliver up to one thousand meters.
Power guns were used (in Brothers, Ian uses his pistol to slag a lock, sealing the room into which he has placed Kensie's body), as well as sonic cannons.
The Final Encyclopedia
While the concept of the Final Encyclopedia as an information construct containing the total sum of human knowledge came about in the early days of computer technology (though including such fictional progenators as the Brain of the Skylark of Valeron in E. E. Smith's Skylark series), the conceptualization anticipated the concept of cyberspace and, of course, of wiki.
- "Soldier, Ask Not" for best short story, 1965
- Lost Dorsai for best novella, 1981
- Clute, John; John Grant (1997). The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 270. ISBN 0-88184-708-9.
- Clute, John; Peter Nicholls (1995). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 331–333. ISBN 0-312-13486-X.
- Searles, Baird; Last, Martin; Meacham, Beth; Franklin, Michael (September 1979), A Reader's Guide to Science Fiction, Avon, pp. 55–56, ISBN 0-380-89483-1
- Tuck, Donald H. (1974). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. pp. 143. ISBN 0-911682-20-1.
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