- Richard McBride
Sir Richard McBride,
KCMG( December 15, 1870– August 6, 1917) was a British Columbianpolitician and is often considered the founder of the British Columbia Conservative Party. McBride was first elected to the provincial legislaturein the 1898 election, and served in the cabinetof James Dunsmuirfrom 1900 to 1901. McBride believed that the province's system of non-party government was unstable and hindered development. After the lieutenant-governorappointed him Premierin June 1903 and McBride announced that his government was a Conservative Party administration and would contest the upcoming election along party lines. On October 3, 1903McBride's party, the British Columbia Conservative Partywon the first provincial election to be fought along party lines with a two seat majority.
The new Conservative government attempted to stabilize the economy by cutting spending and raising new taxes. It also introduced progressive reforms of the province's labour law. In 1909 McBride unveiled plans for a provincial university and promised to build more railway lines. The party won commanding majorities in the 1909 and 1912 elections, almost shutting the Opposition out of the legislature.
McBride's Conservatives were aligned with the federal Conservatives of
Robert Borden, and helped them take power in the 1911 federal election. During the First World War, the provincial government purchased two primitive submarines to defend the province from the unlikely threat of German attack.
His government was also responsible for the creation of the province's first
university, the University of British Columbia, which opened its doors in 1915.
The government's popularity waned as an economic downturn hit the province along with the mounting railway debts. McBride resigned on
December 15, 1915to become the province's representative in London, where he died in 1917.
Richard McBride is interred in the
Ross Bay Cemeteryin Victoria, British Columbia.
"Popular Vote is not given for 1898 and 1900 because there was no party system a percentage could be based upon, and also because McBride was not Premier until 1903."
** Elected Member for
** Elected Member for
** Provincial Popular Vote, 46.43% (22 of 42 seats)
** Elected Member for Dewdney, 66.10%
** Provincial Popular Vote, 48.70% (26 of 42 seats)
** Elected Member for Dewdney, 61.44%
**Victoria City, 12.86% - 1st out of 4 seats*
** Provincial Popular Vote, 52.33% (38 of 42 seats)
** Elected Member for Victoria City, 14.78% - 1st out of 4 seats
** Elected Member for Yale, 63.19%
** Provincial Popular Vote, 59.65% (39 of 42 seats)
** Elected Member for Victoria City, 20.10% - 1st out of 4 seats
*Note: In four-member seats 25% is theoretically equivalent to 100% (if all voters cast all four possible votes - some did not)."
Komagata Maruarrived in Canadian waters, it was not allowed to dock. The then Conservative Premier of British Columbia, Richard McBride, gave a categorical statement that the passengers would not be allowed to disembark.On May 12th 2008, the Conservative Federal Government concurred and publicly apologized to the Indo-Canadian community for the Komagata Maru Incident.
The small community of
McBride, British Columbiawas named after this premier during the time he was in office. Also named for the premier, the McBride Riverin northern British Columbia is a major tributary of the Stikine.
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=7575 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/britishcolumbiaf04schouoft "British Columbia: From the Earliest Times to the Present, Vol IV (Biographical)" by E.O.S. Scholefield and F.W. Howay (see pp. 5-6)] .
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