- Daigo Tadashige
Infobox Military Person
15 October 1891– 6 December 1947[Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy]
Borneo, Dutch East Indies
caption=Vice Admiral Daigo Tadashige
Empire of Japan
branch=navy|Empire of Japan
commands="SS-27", "SS-57". "Ro-64", "Yubari", "Naka", "Kuma", "Iwate", "Tokiwa", "Yakumo", "Ashigara".
Submarine Squadron 5, Eastern Attack Group, Naval Submarine School, IJN 6th Fleet
World War II
o Invasion of Sarawak
Battle of Midway
Marquis nihongo|Tadashige Daigo|醍醐忠重|Daigo Tadashige|extra=
15 October 1891– 6 December 1947was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navyduring World War II.
Chiyoda, Tokyointo a " kuge" family of court nobility related to the Fujiwara aristocracy, Daigo was a graduate of the " Gakushuin" Peers' school. He went on to graduate from the 40th class of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academyin 1912. His rank on entering was only 126 out of 150 cadets, but he improved his scores, so that he graduated at 17th out of 144. [Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy]
After his promotion to sub-lieutenant in 1913, he took time out to attend a session of the
House of Peersas was obligatory for members of his social class. He then returned to active service on the battleship"Kongō" and destroyer"Urakaze".
Daigo was promoted to
lieutenantin 1918, and after taking courses in torpedowarfare, was assigned to submarines, serving on "SS-26", and then becoming captain of "SS-27", followed by "SS-57". He also served on the "Aso" in 1924. After promotion to lieutenant commanderin 1924, he was captain of "Ro-64" in 1926, and chief torpedo officer on the "Yamashiro" later the same year.
Daigo commanded Submarine Squadron 5 (Subron5 with
flagship light cruiserYura, and submarines "I-59, I-60, I-62, I-64, I-65, I-66") at the start of the Pacific War. At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Subron5 was covering the first wave of the Malaya Invasion Force south of the Cape of Camau, French Indochina.
9 December 1941, Subron 5 was ordered to pursue and sink the Royal Navy Force Z(the Royal Navy battleshipHMS "Prince of Wales", battlecruiserHMS "Repulse" and supporting destroyers). Although "Yura" received word from "I-65" that the British ships were spotted, due to poor wireless reception, the signal was unclear and the British vessels were overwhelmed by torpedo bombers of the 22nd Air Flotilla from bases in Indochina before "Yura" and her submarines could take action.
Subron5 was then assigned to the invasion of
Sarawakfrom 13 – 26 December 1941, covering landings in Brunei, Miri, Seria, and Kuching. The 2,500 men of the "Kawaguchi Detachment" and the No. 2 Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Force(SNLF) quickly captured Miri's airfield and oil fields. The operation was completed, and "Yura" returned to its base at Camranh Bay, Indochina by the end of the year.
Subron5 was also part of the advance screening force for the
Battle of Midway.
vice admiralon 1 November 1943. He was assigned command of the Eastern Attack Groupwhich carried out midget submarineand merchant shipping attacks on the east coast of Australia. [Padfield, War Beneath the Sea: Submarine Conflict During World War II]
Daigo was Commandant of the Naval Submarine School from
23 August 1944and final Commander in Chiefof the IJN 6th Fleetfrom 1 May 1945. During these assignments, he was involved in the " kaiten" human-torpedo program.
After the end of the war, Daigo was arrested by SCAP authorities at the request of the
Netherlandsgovernment, and was extradited to Batavia in the Dutch East Indies, where he was charged with war crimes in connection with the Pontianak Incident. After being held for several months under severe conditions, he was found guilty in a closed military tribunalat Pontianak after only three hours of testimony, during which time he was not allowed to speak in his own defense, and was executed with a rifle shot to the stomach on 6 December 1947. As Daigo was commander of submarine forces, (although from 8 November 1943the 22nd Special Guard Division based at Balikpapan, Borneofell nominally under his command), his connection (if any) with the events in Pontianak from 23 April 1943– 28 June 1944remain very unclear. Whereas other "Class B" war criminals found guilty of professional negligence for atrocities committed by junior staff under their nominal command were sentenced to several years in prison [Minear, Victor's Justice] , the speed and secrecy surrounding his trial, and the severity and brutality of his punishment, have created questions which remain unanswered.
Notable Positions Held
*Crewmember, BB "Kongo" - 1 December 1916 - 1 April 1917
*Chief Equipping Officer, SS "RO-64" - 15 January 1925 - 30 April 1925
*Commanding Officer, SS "RO-64" - 30 April 1925 - 1 December 1925
*Staff Officer, Yokosuka Naval District - 1 December 1925 - 1 March 1926
*ComSubDiv 9 - 1 December 1932 - 15 November 1933
*ComSubDiv 19 - 15 November 1933 - 15 November 1934
*Commanding Officer, CL "Yubari" - 15 November 1934 - 25 May 1935
*Commanding Officer, CL "Naka" - 25 May 1935 - 15 November 1935
*Commanding Officer, CL "Kuma" - 15 November 1935 - 1 December 1936
*Commanding Officer, CA "Takao" - 1 December 1936 - 3 June 1938
*Commanding Officer, CA "Ashigara" - 3 June 1938 - 1 December 1938
*ComSubRon 5 - 20 October 1941 - 10 July 1942
*Acting Commanding Officer, Kure SubRon - 31 August 1942 - 1 April 1943
*ComSubRon 11 - 1 April 1943 - 20 October 1943
*Commander-in-Chief, 6th Fleet - 1 May 1945 - 15 September 1945
Dates of Promotion
*Midshipman - 17 July 1912
*Ensign - 1 December 1913
*Sublieutenant - 13 December 1915
*Lieutenant - 1 December 1918
*Lieutenant Commander - 1 December 1924
*Commander - 30 November 1929
*Captain - 15 November 1934
*Rear Admiral - 15 November 1940
*Vice Admiral - 1 November 1943
last = Dull
first = Paul S.
year = 1978
title = A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945
publisher = Naval Institute Press
id = ISBN 0-87021-097-1
last = Dupuy
first = Trevor, N
year = 1992
title = The Encyclopedia of Military Biography
publisher = I B Tauris & Co Ltd
id = ISBN 1850435693
last = Minear
first = Richard
year = 2001
title = Victors' Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial
publisher = University of Michigan
id = ISBN 1929280068
last = Padfield
first = Peter
year = 1989
title = A War Beneath the Sea: Submarine Conflict During World War II
publisher = Wiley
id = ISBN 0471249459
last = Nishida
first = Hiroshi
url = http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/px40.htm#v019
title = Imperial Japanese Navy
accessdate = 2007-02-25
last = Parshall
first = Jon
coauthors = Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp, & Allyn Nevitt
url = http://www.combinedfleet.com/yura_t.htm CombinedFleet.com: "Yura" class
title = Imperial Japanese Navy Page (Combinedfleet.com)
accessdate = 2006-06-14
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