Daigo Tadashige

Daigo Tadashige

Infobox Military Person
name=Tadashige Daigo
lived=15 October 18916 December 1947 [Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy]
placeofbirth=Tokyo, Japan
placeofdeath=Pontianak, Borneo, Dutch East Indies


caption=Vice Admiral Daigo Tadashige
nickname=
allegiance=Empire of Japan
serviceyears=1912-1947
branch=navy|Empire of Japan
rank=Vice Admiral
commands="SS-27", "SS-57". "Ro-64", "Yubari", "Naka", "Kuma", "Iwate", "Tokiwa", "Yakumo", "Ashigara".
Submarine Squadron 5, Eastern Attack Group, Naval Submarine School, IJN 6th Fleet
unit=
battles=World War II
o Invasion of Sarawak
o Battle of Midway
awards=
laterwork=

Marquis nihongo|Tadashige Daigo|醍醐忠重|Daigo Tadashige|extra= 15 October 18916 December 1947 was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.

Biography

Born in Chiyoda, Tokyo into a "kuge" family of court nobility related to the Fujiwara aristocracy, Daigo was a graduate of the "Gakushuin" Peers' school. He went on to graduate from the 40th class of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy in 1912. His rank on entering was only 126 out of 150 cadets, but he improved his scores, so that he graduated at 17th out of 144. [Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy]

Daigo served as midshipman on the cruiser "Azuma" and battleship "Shikishima". As an ensign, he was assigned to the cruiser "Tokiwa".

After his promotion to sub-lieutenant in 1913, he took time out to attend a session of the House of Peers as was obligatory for members of his social class. He then returned to active service on the battleship "Kongō" and destroyer "Urakaze".

Daigo was promoted to lieutenant in 1918, and after taking courses in torpedo warfare, was assigned to submarines, serving on "SS-26", and then becoming captain of "SS-27", followed by "SS-57". He also served on the "Aso" in 1924. After promotion to lieutenant commander in 1924, he was captain of "Ro-64" in 1926, and chief torpedo officer on the "Yamashiro" later the same year.

In the 1930s, Daigo was captain of a large number of ships in rapid succession: "Yubari", "Naka", "Kuma", "Iwate", "Tokiwa", "Yakumo", "Ashigara". He was promoted to rear admiral on 15 November 1940.

Daigo commanded Submarine Squadron 5 (Subron5 with flagship light cruiser Yura, and submarines "I-59, I-60, I-62, I-64, I-65, I-66") at the start of the Pacific War. At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Subron5 was covering the first wave of the Malaya Invasion Force south of the Cape of Camau, French Indochina.

On 9 December 1941, Subron 5 was ordered to pursue and sink the Royal Navy Force Z (the Royal Navy battleship HMS "Prince of Wales", battlecruiser HMS "Repulse" and supporting destroyers). Although "Yura" received word from "I-65" that the British ships were spotted, due to poor wireless reception, the signal was unclear and the British vessels were overwhelmed by torpedo bombers of the 22nd Air Flotilla from bases in Indochina before "Yura" and her submarines could take action.

Subron5 was then assigned to the invasion of Sarawak from 13 – 26 December 1941, covering landings in Brunei, Miri, Seria, and Kuching. The 2,500 men of the "Kawaguchi Detachment" and the No. 2 Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF) quickly captured Miri's airfield and oil fields. The operation was completed, and "Yura" returned to its base at Camranh Bay, Indochina by the end of the year.

Subron5 was also part of the advance screening force for the Battle of Midway.

Daigo became vice admiral on 1 November 1943. He was assigned command of the Eastern Attack Group which carried out midget submarine and merchant shipping attacks on the east coast of Australia. [Padfield, War Beneath the Sea: Submarine Conflict During World War II]

Daigo was Commandant of the Naval Submarine School from 23 August 1944 and final Commander in Chief of the IJN 6th Fleet from 1 May 1945. During these assignments, he was involved in the "kaiten" human-torpedo program.

After the end of the war, Daigo was arrested by SCAP authorities at the request of the Netherlands government, and was extradited to Batavia in the Dutch East Indies, where he was charged with war crimes in connection with the Pontianak Incident. After being held for several months under severe conditions, he was found guilty in a closed military tribunal at Pontianak after only three hours of testimony, during which time he was not allowed to speak in his own defense, and was executed with a rifle shot to the stomach on 6 December 1947. As Daigo was commander of submarine forces, (although from 8 November 1943 the 22nd Special Guard Division based at Balikpapan, Borneo fell nominally under his command), his connection (if any) with the events in Pontianak from 23 April 194328 June 1944 remain very unclear. Whereas other "Class B" war criminals found guilty of professional negligence for atrocities committed by junior staff under their nominal command were sentenced to several years in prison [Minear, Victor's Justice] , the speed and secrecy surrounding his trial, and the severity and brutality of his punishment, have created questions which remain unanswered.

Notable Positions Held

*Crewmember, BB "Kongo" - 1 December 1916 - 1 April 1917
*Chief Equipping Officer, SS "RO-64" - 15 January 1925 - 30 April 1925
*Commanding Officer, SS "RO-64" - 30 April 1925 - 1 December 1925
*Staff Officer, Yokosuka Naval District - 1 December 1925 - 1 March 1926
*ComSubDiv 9 - 1 December 1932 - 15 November 1933
*ComSubDiv 19 - 15 November 1933 - 15 November 1934
*Commanding Officer, CL "Yubari" - 15 November 1934 - 25 May 1935
*Commanding Officer, CL "Naka" - 25 May 1935 - 15 November 1935
*Commanding Officer, CL "Kuma" - 15 November 1935 - 1 December 1936
*Commanding Officer, CA "Takao" - 1 December 1936 - 3 June 1938
*Commanding Officer, CA "Ashigara" - 3 June 1938 - 1 December 1938
*ComSubRon 5 - 20 October 1941 - 10 July 1942
*Acting Commanding Officer, Kure SubRon - 31 August 1942 - 1 April 1943
*ComSubRon 11 - 1 April 1943 - 20 October 1943
*Commander-in-Chief, 6th Fleet - 1 May 1945 - 15 September 1945

Dates of Promotion

*Midshipman - 17 July 1912
*Ensign - 1 December 1913
*Sublieutenant - 13 December 1915
*Lieutenant - 1 December 1918
*Lieutenant Commander - 1 December 1924
*Commander - 30 November 1929
*Captain - 15 November 1934
*Rear Admiral - 15 November 1940
*Vice Admiral - 1 November 1943

References

Books

*cite book
last = Dull
first = Paul S.
authorlink =
year = 1978
chapter =
title = A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945
publisher = Naval Institute Press
location =
id = ISBN 0-87021-097-1

*cite book
last = Dupuy
first = Trevor, N
year = 1992
title = The Encyclopedia of Military Biography
publisher = I B Tauris & Co Ltd
location =
id = ISBN 1850435693

*cite book
last = Minear
first = Richard
year = 2001
title = Victors' Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial
publisher = University of Michigan
location =
id = ISBN 1929280068

*cite book
last = Padfield
first = Peter
authorlink =
year = 1989
chapter =
title = A War Beneath the Sea: Submarine Conflict During World War II
publisher = Wiley
location =
id = ISBN 0471249459

External links

*cite web
last = Nishida
first = Hiroshi
url = http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/px40.htm#v019
title = Imperial Japanese Navy
accessdate = 2007-02-25

*cite web
last = Parshall
first = Jon
coauthors = Bob Hackett, Sander Kingsepp, & Allyn Nevitt
year =
url = http://www.combinedfleet.com/yura_t.htm CombinedFleet.com: "Yura" class
title = Imperial Japanese Navy Page (Combinedfleet.com)
work =
accessdate = 2006-06-14

Notes


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